At any one time, the warehouse held a six-month supply of food, clothing, ammunition and other necessities for forts in Arizona, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, and Texas. With the coming of the railroad in , which eventually became part of Southern Pacific Railroad running coast to coast, the need for the Depot faded and the Army closed it in The site then served a variety of purposes, including housing the first office of the U.
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Reclamation Services, now the Bureau of Reclamation. The U. As more people learned of Arizona City, renamed after a flood that destroyed Colorado City in , the town grew becoming one of the busiest and wildest of the Wild West. After the Civil War, Main Street became a foot right of way to accommodate the heavy wagon traffic.
Officially incorporated in as Arizona City, the town had its name changed once again in , this time to Yuma. Shortly thereafter in , the first prisoners chiseled the first seven cells for the infamous Yuma Territorial Prison out of the granite hillside. Yuma Territorial Prison operated until when overcrowding forced its closure, but soon after the prison closed the local high school burned and the old prison buildings provided classroom space for area students from to The s rerouting of the railroad caused the destruction of half of the original prison.
Distressed families and hobos took refuge in the abandoned buildings during the Great Depression. Local volunteers finally saved the prison from deteriorating by creating a city museum, which then became the main attraction of Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park. The park is open year round so visitors can experience the prison, which gained considerable fame after it was a feature in the film and more recent remake of to Yuma. Construction of Laguna Dam, which is just 13 miles northeast of Yuma, began in A massive tunnel was also part of the project.
The Yuma Siphon pulled water from the California side of the river into the town of Yuma.
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Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area is a cultural crossroads offering visitors a diverse and intriguing history. The first National Heritage Area west of the Mississippi covers square miles encompassing the town of Yuma, Arizona, near the Californian and Mexican borders. The crossing point attracted many over the centuries because of the natural narrowing and calming of the Colorado River. Although bridges now span the river, it is still possible to view the granite outcroppings and significant historic buildings and sites throughout the heritage area.
Yuma Crossing was an important transportation and communication gateway between New Spain and Alta California during the Spanish colonial period and between the American Southwest and California during the time of the American westward movement. Yuma musician Courtesy of the Library of Congress. US, one mile west of Lakin, Kearny county. US, one-fifth mile west of Gardner, Johnson county. US, eleven miles south of Ulysses, Grant county. IN A. US, on Christian church grounds at Shaw, Neosho county.
US, one-fourth mile east of Highland, Doniphan county. US, at north city limits of Fort Scott, Bourbon county. K, at east city limits of St. Paul, Neosho county.
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US, at east c ity limits of St. Marys, Pottawatomie county. US, one mile east of Marysville, Marshall county. IN GEN. US, at southwestern city limits of Atchison, Atchison county. US, three and one-half miles northeast of Lawrence, Douglas county. Please Read the text in the marker use the Back button in your browser to return. US, three miles south of Lecompton, Douglas county. US, one-fourth mile north of Topeka, Shawnee county. US, one-fifth mile east of Elwood, Doniphan county. US, three miles east of Baldwin, Douglas county. US, one-fourth mile north of Dunavant, Jefferson county. US, nine miles west of Kansas City, Wyandotte county.
USN, six miles west of Larned, Pawnee county. US, about one mile east of Independence, Montgomery county. US, at Baxter Springs, Cherokee county. US, about two miles south of Pleasanton, Linn county. US, one and one-half miles north of Kanopolis, Ellsworth county. US, four miles north of Wichita, Sedgwick county. US, at east city limits of Hays, Ellis county. US, at Wallace, Wallace county. US, one and one-half miles north of Wichita, Sedgwick county.
US, two and one-half miles west of Abilene, Dickinson county. K, two miles east of Lincoln, Lincoln county. US, one mile west of Dodge City, Ford county. US, one and one-quarter miles west of Meade, Meade county.
Northern New Mexico History
US, one-half mile east of Walton, Harvey county. US, one mile south of Caldwell, Sumner county. K-2, at Runnymede, Harper county. US, three miles south of Arkansas City, Cowley county. US, four and one-half miles north of Iola, Allen county. The latest in scholarship on Kansas history, published quarterly since by the Kansas Historical Foundation. Read text of the marker use the Back button in your browser to return UNTIL recent years it was the practice to erect historical markers on the sites where the events occurred. Books, pamphlets, newspapers, govern ment documents, maps, clippings and manuscripts by the hundreds were consulted.