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ISBN 10: 1466557524

This collective work, which includes the contributions of forty academic and industrial authors, is a reference document to discover Power-line communication PLC technology and learn about its latest developments, in particular, multi-sensor technique, or Multiple-Input Multiple -Output MIMO. Leave a comment. For a reliable communication and control, the communication technology used to implement the smart grid must have enough bandwidth to handle two-way data traffic. The technology must also be cost effective considering the sheer size and scale of electrical grids.

Power Line communications PLC is a promising communication protocols for cost effective, secure and reliable realization of smart grids. This paper presents a disquisition on smart grid technologies with emphasis on PLC technologies. The role of PLC in the application of smart grids over the different voltage networks is also covered. It is an excellent platform Established electric grids operate on a vertical structure of for delivering converged communication services, preparing power generation, transmission and distribution with limited for electric vehicles and implementing active consumer control and communication capabilities.

It is clear that the ICT platforms for realizing these power systems results in greenhouse gases emission and smart grids will consist of a combination of technologies and has a low level of security of supply [1, 2]. Vertically software solutions. For smart metering and communications integrated power systems initially use Carrier Frequency applications, key technologies include wireless networks, System CFS for internal communication, remote optical fiber, and internet based technologies [7, 8].

Wireless measurement and control task [3]. These provide wide area networking capabilities while ensuring technologies were succeeded by the more popular Supervisory enough bandwidth capacity. SCADA electrical appliances.

MIMO Power Line Communications: Narrow and Broadband Standards, EMC, and Advanced Processing

Direct access to the utility assets and is primarily responsible for remote measurement and control electricity meters can be realized using internet based of the power system using distributed Remote Terminal Units technologies such as public broadband access and PLC. The RTUs obtain digital data from Intelligent Furthermore, rapid advance in hardware and software Electronic Devices IEDs , which usually consist of development will continue to support more ICT based microprocessor based equipment such as transformers, circuit platforms for active distribution networks, micro grids, energy breakers and capacitor banks.

The SCADA system is also used storage, and grid asset management among other applications for monitoring and control of analogue data associated with [9]. EMS provides software platforms for optimization and control of the electric power system. Some applications of EMS include load forecast, restoration strategy, optimal power flow, economic dispatch and dynamic security assessment [5].

Powerline communication (PLC)

The major drawback of the SCADA system is the high latency associated with its architectural model coupled with the asynchronous manner in which measurements are captured in the system. In order to implement the various communication and control systems, efficient communications systems are indispensable.

Narrow and Broadband Standards, EMC, and Advanced Processing

These issues include noise disturbances, electromagnetic compatibility issues as well as The choice of communication technology for smart grid must varying channel characteristics and models topologies. Power line communication PLC uses the existing electrical network to provide communication and 2. Hence, it is a cost effective Noise disturbances in power line channels are critical because platform for implementing smart grids applications.

PLC they emanate from a variety of appliances with different technology consists of many standards and technologies electrical properties. Consequently, the power spectral density covering the spectrum of Ultra Narrowband, Low Data Rate is not constant over the transmission domain, which makes Narrowband, High Data Rate Narrowband and Broadband Communications. The platform for PLC is a cyber — physical reception of signal more challenging. The most important 3 Type 1 noise otherwise known as coloured background noise alternative to PLC for implementing WAN is the use of is characterized by a low spectral density which tends to wireless network infrastructure such as WiMAX Worldwide decrease with increase in frequency.

Type 2 noise narrowband Interoperability for Microwave Access and LTE, which offers noise is a background noise that is caused by amplitude extensive coverage and large bandwidth but must be rented at modulated AM signals especially from broadcast stations.

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Some applications across the WAN include: Periodic impulse noises that are asynchronous and implementing SCADA for remote surveillance, opening and synchronous to the main power supply frequencies are closing of circuit breakers and real-time sag monitoring. PLC referred to as type 3 and type 4 noises respectively. The type 5 technologies gain increasing importance and application along noise known as asynchronous impulsive noise has the most the NAN Neighbourhood Area Network implemented on the pronounced effect on digital data transmission over PLC due MV networks and the HAN Home Area Network to its high power spectral density up to 50 dB.

These implemented on the LV electric networks.

  1. Periodic solutions of nonlinear wave equations with general nonlinearities!
  2. The End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1923.
  3. MIMO Power Line Communications : Narrow and Broadband Standards, EMC, and Advanced Processing.
  4. Some applications impulses results from switching transient circuits in the over the NAN and HAN networks include: substation networks. Type 3 noises have a very network topology, frequency and time. There are two high repetition rate which allows its frequency to be established methods that can be used for the channel approximated as a narrowband spectrum. Thus Type 2 and characterization of high frequency PLC channels namely: measurement based approach and intrinsic parameters Type 3 can be approximated as background narrowband noise approach.

    For the impulsive employed, which is subject to measurement errors and noises of type 4 and type 5, the PSD can be expressed as [10]: accuracy limitations.

    Publication of «MIMO Power Line Communications ” , co- edited by Pascal Pagani

    Considering the serious impact of impulsive noise on is illustrated in Fig. The characteristic impedance of the line is expressed as: 2. Some factors affecting the topologies of LV power supply networks include [4]: Network location, subscriber density, network length, and network design. Subscriber density refers to the number of users attached to a voltage network. Network design considers network factors such as segmentation, cabling as well as the type of topology: radial, ring or interconnected. Channel noise, impedance and attenuation are unpredictable and stochastic.

    Draw the distribution network diagram ii. Derive the network model for simulation iii. Use a simulator for frequency domain analysis iv. Evaluate simulation result using field measurements and system design goals v. If system design is not achieved, go to step ii. This raises electromagnetic compatibility EMC issues with other systems. Schneider received his Dipl. He currently serves as senior engineer at Sony Deutschland''s European Technology Center, where his work is concerned with communications systems and PLC, in particular. Skip to: Content. Log In.

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    (PDF) Narrowband Power line communication for Smart Grid | Simon W Pallam -

    Publication Information:. Physical Description:. Part V then looks at advanced options of MIMO and multi-user processing technologies, drawing from a wide variety of research areas such as linear and nonlinear signal processing, space-time-coding, convex optimization, scheduling, and game theory. The book is rounded off by Part VI on case studies and field trials, where the advanced technologies of tomorrow are put into practice today. Subject Term:. Electric lines -- Carrier transmission. MIMO systems.

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