Bridging the gap between culture, race and ethnicity is also a way to bring together schools of thought for instance, scholars from the United States and scholars from Europe that have different stances on the concept of race itself. Examining critically the way race, ethnicity, social status, religious, sexual and gender identities are constructed and conveyed can thus enrich our understanding of culture.
Understanding culture as a construction that involves power relations and struggle contributes to include every individual, group and practice, since all aspects and members of societies are cultural. This therefore takes away the pervasive and implicit idea that some people or practices are neutral to some extent.
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Focusing on cultural identity as constructed is also an asset in decreasing ethnocentrism or cultural bias in academic discourse. Encouraging researchers to be reflexive about their cultural backgrounds can help them problematize what they could otherwise take for granted about their own cultural identities and belongings. Ethnocentrism in academic discourse is particularly problematic because research aims at being, if not entirely unbiased, at least critical towards its inherent subjectivity.
Ethnocentrism as a form of bias is difficult to overcome if not addressed directly. Researchers should therefore aim at being critical towards their personal background as well as their philosophical, theoretical and methodological heritage. Cultural baggage has to be reflected upon at the individual level, that is, in the way personal choices affect the way researchers tackle a topic or analyze data, but also at the academic level, that is, the way they can be blind to the overall schools of thought to which they belong.
The Media Assault on American Values
In spite of its difficult reputation, culture remains a prominent object of study. Influences from critical theories and social constructionism make critical intercultural communication a relevant framework for examining representations and discursive constructions of culture. The premise that culture is constructed provides a solid ground to examine ways in which certain representations seem more powerful or natural than others.
It also emphasizes the fact that we live in webs of cultural discourses — some invisible to us, depending on contexts — that are intertwined with other discourses. The main aim of using a critical intercultural communication framework is not to uncover what culture really is but to uncover what representations of culture come to appear real, and through which processes.
Studies therefore primarily focus on the way we navigate these webs and make sense of them, the way they are constructed, interrelated and empowered. The main asset of this framework is its emphasis on problematizing culture, which reduces risks of taking it for granted. As such, critical intercultural communication also encourages researchers to be reflexive about their academic and cultural background. Generally, being aware of the representations we have of ourselves and others, as well as the reasons why these representations are constructed and conveyed, is central to developing understanding and tolerance towards others.
This is especially relevant now that more and more people cross borders and that communication between cultures is faster, easier, and therefore increasingly common. Asante, Molefi Kete. Afrocentricity: The Theory of Social Change. Chicago: African American Images, Barker, Chris.
Billig, Michael. Banal Nationalism. London: Sage Publications, Brightman, Robert. Brown, Malcolm D. Browne, Anthony. Carvalho, Margarida. Curran, James and Myung-Jin Park. London: Routledge, Dervin, Fred. Entman, Robert M. Erickson, Keith V. Fleuriet, and Lawrence A. Gamson, William A. Gordon, Ronald D. Hall, Stuart. Halualani, Rona Tamiko, S. Lily Mendoza, and Jolanta A. Jiwani, Yasmin. Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method.
Kramer, Michael W.
Youth culture, media and sexuality: what could faith communities contribute?
Hess, and Loren D. Kubota, Ryuko. Kiesling, and Elizabeth S. Rangel, 90 — Ma, Eric Kit-Wai. MacLure, Maggie.
- Sexual Assault and the Media;
- Hang Wire;
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Discourses in Educational and Social Research. Buckingham: Open University Press, Merskin, Debra L. New York: Peter Lang, Miike, Yoshitaka. Olausson, Ulrika. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, Piller, Ingrid. Intercultural Communication: A Critical Introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, Poirier, Sylvie. Reid-Brinkley, Shanara Rose. Rigoni, Isabelle. Rivenburgh, Nancy K. Rorty, Richard. Readings in Epistemology , edited by K. Films are shown in the original Italian version with English subtitles. An analysis of the social, aesthetic, political, and rhetorical implications of cinematic representations of Rome, from silent films to the present.
This course will evaluate and discuss ten primary films, along with excerpts from a number of others. We will assess the artistic representations of Roman monuments and streetscapes on movie sets, as opposed to location shooting. In this course, students will visit cinematic landmarks in Rome and write about their experiences. This course seeks to provide frameworks for understanding the popularity of Italian cinema, its historical and cultural development, and the variety and pleasures that the category includes. It will enable students to develop critical tools of analysis both for cinema and for cultural studies, and is designed to complement — although not overlap with — other film courses on offer in the university.
This course will introduce students to contemporary Italian media and popular cultures. The course has a thematic approach and applies the analytical theories of critical cultural studies. Students will be exposed to development of various media forms as they have been shaped by and their impact on Italian culture and society.
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- Cultural compliance and critical media studies.
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This course is an advanced study of the principles and foundations of debate as a critical decision-making process structured around reasoned discourse. It examines the formal structures of debate and debate format, the use and evaluation of proof, the technique of advocacy, and specific argumentation strategies. Expanding on the formal logic introduced in Public Speaking, it also covers in-depth analysis of fallacies of reason. Using the construction of a Debate brief, students learn the intellectual foundations upon which legal briefs are made.
An introduction to the major problems posed by the right to free speech: the origins and scope of this right, the problems in defining it, the values that it promotes as well as the values that it compromises. This course examines the political and cultural variables shaping the right to free speech by examining its role in many different jurisdictions. Focusing on concrete conflicts over political speech, freedom of religious conscience, hate speech, sexually-explicit speech, the protection of privacy, reputation and intellectual property, we look at constitutional case law and commentary in many different liberal democracies and the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights.
Role of the media in preventing sexual assault
Through intense engagement with primary legal materials, class debate and a mock trial, this course will be especially useful for potential law students, journalists, philosophy and religious studies students, and anyone seeking a better understanding of his or her rights in a democratic society. This course introduces students to some of the most important ethical, philosophical, and artistic questions raised by the rapid technological, scientific, and cultural changes of our era. This course examines the technological capabilities, organizational structures, social effects, and ethical implications behind the use of social media platforms —Twitter, Facebook and others-- in recent social movement organizing.
The course will investigate how social media have been utilized and rendered effective by a variety of social movements and in a diversity of contexts and interests, from the Arab Spring, to Black Lives Matter, to It Gets Better. Students will be offered a broad overview of the affordances of social media for mobilizing for social change or political action. Students will consistently engage with critical concepts from both classic social theory and new media studies put forward both by scholars and organizers.
This course examines the various media systems, both news and entertainment, from the southern Mediterranean all the way to Iran through screenings of films and television programs from the region. The topics to be covered include the motion picture industry, news and entertainment media, including satellite TV, magazines, newspapers, internet, and alternative media and their role in the perception and practice of Middle Eastern politics and culture.
This course examines violence and terror as inherent structural components of contemporary politics and media. Students will study how the performance of violence in the contemporary media landscape has shaped new visual cultures, such as emergent modes of producing evidence, bearing witness and archiving personal and collective memories of traumatic events.
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- Cinema and Media Studies (MA).
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Conversely, the course examines how visual culture has dramatically impacted on the way in which we understand and consume violence and terror. Subsequently, students will examine the relationship between violence and visibility, the performance of terror and its representational regimes, through a variety of global visual media from around the world. Example include Hollywood movies; art documentaries; amateur films; photographs; art projects and performances; user-generated videos including audiovisual material produced by armed groups and terrorist organizations ; and state produced media.
In a world in which sharp inequalities often accompany cultural differences, what kinds of intercultural communication theory and practice can aid us in building constructive relationships among unequally positioned cultural identities? This course examines theoretical and practical issues in intercultural communication, as an increased awareness of asymmetrical power relationships and their historical contexts can lead to improved communication between persons from differently situated cultural identities. Drawing on case studies, this course will provide students with the opportunity to investigate how mediated power influences intercultural communication.
This course covers the development of Russian cinema from the Revolution of to the present, with attention focused both on the aesthetic features of the periods under consideration and the political, social and cultural factors that affected the efforts of Russian filmmakers to create their works. We examine the innovative s of Soviet Russia, the clampdown on art under Stalin of the s, the patriotic films of the World War II period, thawing of artistic controls of , and the evolution of Russian film in post-Soviet Russia in the early twenty-first century.
English Italiano. An American university in the heart of Rome. Request Info. Communications B. Communications Course Descriptions.
CMS Myth and Animation The course investigates how myths, universal narratives and archetypal paradigms find their way into contemporary media products. CMS European Mass Media A study of the European mass media, including film, television, radio, the press and publishing, and new information technologies.
CMS Popular Music and Mass Culture From the cylinders to MP3s, from Tin Pan Alley to death metal, this is a general survey course exploring and analyzing the history and meaning of popular recorded music within mass culture and society. CMS Television and Democracy in Italy This course presents an investigation into the complex relationship between television and politics in Italy, whose most notorious embodiment is former prime minister and television tycoon Silvio Berlusconi.
CMS Cultural Resistance This course analyzes the ways in which diverse cultural practices have been used or understood as political weapons, as attempts to intervene in the historical world. CMS Contemporary Visual Culture The course investigates current trends in visual communication, as well as the methods for how to analyze and contextualize these.
CMS Media and the Environment As we transition from an industrial model of media distribution to networked communications, corporations and grassroots environmental activists are vying to define environmental opinion in an evolving media landscape. CMS Political Communication The course explores the relationship between media and the electoral process. CMS Media Ethics This course focuses on the study and application of ethical standards and practices in a variety of communication environments. Production is traditionally difficult to study, as access to studios, individuals and technologies that produce media content is often limited.
With the advent of the Internet, however, technologies of production are more readily available to the everyday public than ever before. In fact, individuals frequently employ these technologies as a means of interacting with cultural discourses about sexuality as perpetuated by media. In this vein, Meyer examines a specific sub-set of fans of the television series Smallville , who participate in the CLex slash community.
Many participants in the study felt this relational dynamic was not part of the intended production of Smallville , and that their ability to decode this particular subtext made them more educated readers than average viewers. However, in the case of Smallville , commentaries from writers and producers on DVDs, in media interviews, and even some scripted passages in the series, indicated that they were aware, and even targeting, this sub-set of fans. Given the cultural stigma against non-heterosexual identities in China, coupled with societal and familial pressures to conform to traditional heterosexual pairings, Liu examines websites where gay and lesbian Chinese individuals post personal ads in the hopes of forming a marriage of convenience, relationships that are largely asexual but fulfill familial and societal expectations.
Since dating sites featuring personal ads are often presented as heterosexual spaces, the gay and lesbian Chinese utilizing personal ads on the Internet are actively using the means of production available to them in order to subvert societal hegemonic norms. The essays featured in this issue present important commentaries on sexual identity, media representation, production and consumption. Together, they offer insightful directions for research interrogating the link between media, sexuality and identity.
As with any scholastic endeavor, I could not have compiled this collection if not for the assistance of my review board. In all, I hope you find this series of essays as engaging and thoughtful as I do. It is my sincerest hope that they will pave new avenues for scholarship on media and sexuality. The author would like to thank her colleagues at Christopher Newport University and her family for their support of this project. Skip to main content Skip to sections. Advertisement Hide. Download PDF. Guest Editorial First Online: 23 May Acknowledgments The author would like to thank her colleagues at Christopher Newport University and her family for their support of this project.
Arthurs, J. Television and sexuality: Regulation and the politics of taste.
Berkshire, England: Open University Press. Google Scholar. Becker, R. Prime-time television in the gay nineties. Hill Eds. New York: Routledge. Brown, J. Mass media influences on sexuality. The Journal of Sex Research, 39 1 , 42—