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Pharmacology - DRUGS FOR DIABETES (MADE EASY)

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Please apply exchange offer again. Your item has been added to Shortlist. View All. Return form will be sent to your email Id:. Academic Texts. Medical Books. Allied Health Services Books. Unstable and Brittle Diabetes Advances in Diabetes. Compare Products. You have reached the maximum number of selection.

You can select only upto 4 items to compare. View Order. Free Installation. Hover to zoom. Sold Out! Be the first to review. We will let you know when in stock. Thank you for your interest You will be notified when this product will be in stock. I agree to the. Terms and Conditions. How It Works? IMEI Number. Exchange Discount Summary Exchange Discount -Rs. Final Price Rs. Apply Exchange. Other Specifications. The images represent actual product though color of the image and product may slightly differ. Levels rise and acetone "spills" into the urine and is exhaled in the breath producing a "fruity" smell Adrenal a gland of the endocrine system that produces essential hormones including adrenaline epinephrine and cortisol Adult-onset diabetes another term sometimes used for type 2 diabetes Albuminuria occurs when a protein called albumin is found in the urine above a specified level - indicates potential kidney damage Alpha cells cells in the pancreas the area called the islets of the Langherans , that produce the hormone glucagon which in turn raises blood glucose levels Angiopathy a disease of the blood vessels arteries, veins, and capillaries that occurs as a long-term complication of diabetes.

Two levels of blood pressure are measured - the higher, or systolic, pressure, occurs each time the heart pushes blood into the vessels, and the lower, or diastolic, pressure, occurs when the heart rests. Too much cholesterol, however, may cause fat to build up in the artery walls and cause a disease that slows or stops the flow of blood Claudication pain in the calf muscles occurring on exercise and disappearing with rest. Caused by decreased blood supply Coma loss of consciousness from any cause.

In diabetes may result from either very high or very low blood glucose levels Creatinine a waste product normally removed by the kidneys.


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  • Diabetes Mellitus (DM)!

This sometimes occurs in people with type 1 diabetes and rarely in people with type 2 diabetes Dehydrated great loss of water or fluid from the body. A very high level of glucose in the urine causes loss of a great deal of water, and the person becomes very thirsty Dextrose see glucose Diabetes insipidus a disease of the pituitary gland or kidney, but not diabetes mellitus. Socalled because most people who have it show most of the same signs as someone with diabetes mellitus-they have to urinate often, get very thirsty and hungry, and feel weak.

However, they do not have glucose in their urine Diabetic coma a severe emergency in which a person is not conscious because the blood glucose is too low or too high. If the glucose level is too low, the person has hypoglycemia ; if the level is too high, the person has hyperglycemia and may develop ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis severe, out-of-control diabetes that needs emergency treatment.

DKA happens when blood sugar levels get too high. This may happen because of illness, taking too little insulin , or getting too little exercise. The body starts using stored fat for energy, and ketone bodies acids build up in the blood. Diabetic retinopathy a disease of the small blood vessels of the retina of the eye.

Unstable and Brittle Diabetes

When retinopathy first starts, the tiny blood vessels in the retina become swollen, and they leak a little fluid into the center of the retina. The person's sight may be blurred. This condition is called background retinopathy. About 80 percent of people with background retinopathy never have serious vision problems, and the disease never goes beyond this first stage.

However, if retinopathy progresses, the harm to sight can be more serious. Many new, tiny blood vessels grow out and across the eye. This is called neovascularization. The vessels may break and bleed into the clear gel that fills the center of the eye, blocking vision. Scar tissue may also form near the retina, pulling it away from the back of the eye. Enzymes help the body's chemistry work better and more quickly Epinephrine one of the secretions of the adrenal glands. It helps the liver release glucose and limit the release of insulin.

It also makes the heart beat faster and can raise blood pressure; also called adrenalin Exchanges a grouping of foods by type to help people on special diets stay on the diet. Each group lists food in serving sizes. A person can exchange, trade, or substitute a food serving in one group for another food serving in the same group.

Fats help the body use some vitamins and keep the skin healthy. They also serve as energy stores for the body. It is the body's main source of energy; also known as dextrose Glucose tolerance test a diagnostic test for diabetes involving a drink of glucose after an overnight fast followed by a series of blood glucose estimations over 2 hours Glycated Haemoglobin haemoglobin with glucose and other sugars chemically bound to it - also referred to as glycosylated haemoglobin.

A person with this condition is usually older and weak from loss of body fluids and weight. The person may or may not have a previous history of diabetes. Ketones acids are not present in the urine Hypertension high blood pressure Hypoglycaemia too low a level of glucose in the blood.

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This occurs when a person with diabetes has injected too much insulin , eaten too little food, or has exercised without extra food. A person with hypoglycemia may feel nervous, shaky, weak, or sweaty, and have a headache, blurred vision, and hunger. Taking small amounts of sugar, sweet juice, or food with sugar will usually help the person feel better within 10 to 15 minutes Hypertrophy see fat atrophy Impaired glucose tolerance IGT blood glucose levels higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes.

People with IGT may or may not develop diabetes. This may happen because the person is overweight and has too many fat cells, which do not respond well to insulin. It makes insulin so that the body can use glucose sugar for energy.


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  7. It also makes enzymes that help the body digest food. Spread all over the pancreas are areas called the islets of Langerhans. The cells in these areas each have a special purpose. The alpha cells make glucagon, which raises the level of glucose in the blood; the beta cells make insulin ; the delta cells make somatostatin Photocoagulation using a special strong beam of light laser to seal off bleeding blood vessels such as in the eye. The laser can also burn away blood vessels that should not have grown in the eye. This is the main treatment for diabetic retinopathy Polydipsia a great thirst that lasts for long periods of time; a sign of diabetes Polyphagia great hunger; a sign of diabetes.

    brit·tle di·a·be·tes

    People with this great hunger often lose weight Polyuria the passage of large amounts of urine Portions see exchanges Prandial referring to meals. Pre-prandial, before meals. Post-prandial, after meals Proteinuria too much protein in the urine. Also known as insulin dependent and juvenile onset diabetes Type 2 diabetes insulin is present but doesn't work adequately.

    Usually occurs over the age of 30 and is controlled by diet and medication or diet and insulin.

    Health & Fit: What Is ‘Brittle Diabetes’? - PressFrom - US

    People with diabetes may get ulcers from minor scrapes on the feet or legs, from cuts that heal slowly, or from the rubbing of shoes that do not fit well. U insulin means units of insulin per milliliter mL or cubic centimeter cc of solution Uraemia build-up of poisons because of kidney failure Urine testing checking urine to see if it contains glucose and ketones.

    Special strips of paper or tablets called reagents are put into a small amount of urine or urine plus water. Changes in the color of the strip show the amount of glucose or ketones in the urine. Recommended health checks Protecting your health Healthy weight Healthy eating Be active Be involved in your own health care Healthy mind Healthy Sleep Healthy communities Top tips for healthy living Healthy living resources Winter wellness Health topics Health topics A - Z Health topics by body part Health conditions, prevention and treatment Going to hospital?

    Follow us: Facebook Twitter YouTube. ABN 97 Last Modified: 24 Jul Levels rise and acetone "spills" into the urine and is exhaled in the breath producing a "fruity" smell. Two types macroangiopathy and microangiopathy. High blood pressure can lead to health problems such as heart attacks and strokes. Too much cholesterol, however, may cause fat to build up in the artery walls and cause a disease that slows or stops the flow of blood.

    Caused by decreased blood supply. In diabetes may result from either very high or very low blood glucose levels. The amount in blood and urine can show whether the kidney is functioning properly. This sometimes occurs in people with type 1 diabetes and rarely in people with type 2 diabetes. A very high level of glucose in the urine causes loss of a great deal of water, and the person becomes very thirsty. However, they do not have glucose in their urine.