Rats were not the only vermin that infested the camp. Almost from the day they arrived in camp, the New Yorkers were besieged by lice. Nicknamed the Chicago Grays, or the Rebel Gray Back, the pests infested clothing, bunks, and even bodies. He called the men all out in line on the day of his return and made a great speech to them and praised them at a great rate.
But the men knew better. They knew that it was their brigade commander, not Segoine, who was responsible for the safekeeping of the colors. The 36 The th New York Volunteer Infantry colonel based his assumption on the misguided belief that two great battles would soon be fought and enough prisoners captured to exchange the regiment. Yet he had no proof to back up his assertion and continued to spread the rumor anyway. His physical system being of that peculiar lax nature the least exertion in the way of drilling and marching prostrates him that it requires a long time to be able to do duty.
Mustered in as a sergeant in August , Latregiments captured at Harpers tin was serving as captain of Company C when he was wounded at Petersburg in June Camp Douglas to join the 3. Rumor became reality as, one by one, regiments began departing the camp. When the th New York left camp on November 20, its members were so disenchanted with their two-month stay that they burned their barracks to the ground.
It was a matter of great pride to family members back home that their regiment would be associated with such an important venture. But the orders were changed before they reached the regiment. The th would go to Washington without the chance to cover itself with glory serving under Banks. No one was to leave the train without his permission and whenever the train did stop and the men were unloaded, roll was to be called before the train continued on to the next stop. As with the trip to Harpers Ferry, the colonel forbid the New Yorkers from drinking any type of liquors. Half frozen from the biting cold, the men boarded the cars and were on their way.
Left behind were 15 comrades who succumbed to sickness and disease while at Camp Douglas. After the meal, they reboarded the train and set off for Baltimore, which was reached the next day. The men were overjoyed to once again have the Scotsman among their ranks, and they welcomed him with open arms. Amid great celebration, the regiment climbed into old cattle cars for the trip south to Washington. The regiment left the train and marched to the Soldiers Retreat for breakfast. After the hearty 38 The th New York Volunteer Infantry meal, the New Yorkers were taken to barracks where they would stay until leaving the city.
The men spent the remainder of the day seeing the sights of the city or just lying around the barracks writing letters. It was time to get back into the war. They crossed the Potomac River and entered war-torn Virginia. Each company was divided into groups of 12 men, each group being issued a tepee-shaped Sibley tent. The tents were erected one next to another, with a company street to the front. The color line was where all regimental formations were held. This routine was followed until all ten companies were in line one next to the other. Where I was stationed was at headquarters of our divisions on the road that runs from Alexandria to Fairfax Court House.
The duty was to examine passers and keep a guard across the road. As the day wore on, the rain turned into a severe snowstorm. Despite the 39 40 The th New York Volunteer Infantry frigid, snowy weather and their distance from the enemy lines, the pickets had to remain vigilant. A few nights after the forward line was established, the evening quiet was shattered when a shot rang out from the picket line. One of the New Yorkers shot someone he claimed was a rebel spy. It turned out to be true, as the man had two sets of clothing: one set of civilian clothing and the other the uniform of a Confederate soldier.
Corporal Stacey put on his best Southern accent and convinced the farmer he was a member of the 11th Alabama Regiment and had been taken prisoner by Corporal Fishback.
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It did not take long for disease and sickness that often plagued an encamped army to appear among the men of the th. Smallpox, varioloid, and typhoid fever were the most common sicknesses to sweep the camp. The year-old from Sodus was stricken with smallpox and sent to the hospital at Fairfax Seminary, where he later died.
When William Stever of Company A died, his entire company turned out to bury their comrade and mourn a friend. By the end of the month, 12 men were hospitalized due to severe illness. To help combat the sickness plaguing the regiment, Lieutenant Colonel MacDougall called upon the people back home to lend a hand.
He remarked that those standing guard suffered terribly from the cold. MacDougall implored: [On] behalf of the soldiers now on duty in this regiment, I would ask people at home, who feel friendly toward us, to send what donations they can in way of buckskin gloves and warm winter vests. The government furnishes neither Our men suffer from want.
Here the men moved into winter huts left behind by their previous occupants. So you can see how soldiers can live. The men toiled with pickax and shovel in the frozen earth to build Fort Lyon. Captain Holmes was not happy that his men were forced to perform 4. Back to Virginia 41 such menial work. Colonel Segoine intimated that he would be made the brigade commander, but this did not happen. Colonel A. Parts of three different Union corps attacked over almost a mile of open ground and were cut to pieces. When it was over, the one-day battle claimed more than 12, Union casualties. Thomas Geer was relieved when he heard that his brother Charles, serving with the 33rd New York, was only slightly wounded during the battle.
It was made of dark blue silk and emblazoned with the coat of arms of the United States. The coat of arms consisted of a bald eagle topped with two rows of stars, one for each state. They enjoyed sausage, beef, three types of potatoes, tea and applesauce. Captain Aaron Seeley of Company A bought oysters for his men in honor of the holidays. Sergeants Hoff and Johnson McDowell obtained a pass to go into Alexandria on Christmas day, where they availed themselves of everything the city had to offer.
In a letter to his wife, Hoff wrote, The city is about the size of Auburn I should think, some say larger. It is like all places pretty much, that I have seen South, dirty and nasty streets; some good buildings. They were all drunk pretty much. The city was full of 42 The th New York Volunteer Infantry soldiers and Negroes and there was considerable strife to see which could get the drunkest. I thought the soldiers took the lead as they generally do in all things. I got a dinner for Christmas, costing 25 cents.
I also got some oysters to eat. Some of the boys had a great deal of fun. Songs and dances on the parade ground. Company D received high praise from Colonel Segoine for having the best appearance and cleanest quarters of any in the regiment. Company commanders distributed 40 rounds of ammunition to each man. Earlier in the day, the picket line around camp was attacked and driven in on the main line.
Colonel Segoine had orders to take his men and reestablish the line. When he was done, the New Yorkers marched off to the picket line. The regiment proceeded about four miles before Segoine called the halt and deployed the men in line. With no orders arriving, the colonel threw out a skirmish line and allowed the rest of the men to get some sleep. Believing his men would not be out of camp long, Segoine did not think to have them bring blankets or tents.
In the morning, John Paylor was ordered to go back to camp and bring blankets and rations for the men. The th continued to man the picket line for the next three days, even though the enemy made no more attempts to break the line. To appease the engineer, Colonel Segoine posted Company F in skirmish line ahead of the locomotive. Not long after the column started on the road to Centerville, the skies opened and it began to rain.
The roads were quickly churned into a quagmire of mud as the New Yorkers plodded toward their destination. The two companies arrived by midafternoon and the men quickly erected their tents. It was here that the th was brigaded with the 39th and th New York regiments. All three regiments had the distinct misfortune of being at Harpers Ferry. Besides the three regiments of infantry, the force at Centerville also contained two batteries of artillery.
Back to Virginia 43 for their camp the previous winter and was in plain view of the Blue Ridge Mountains and Thoroughfare Gap. Like the area around Alexandria, the countryside surrounding Centerville was one vast wasteland. There were forts and earthworks everywhere. There is not a fence left standing, nor a rail as far as I have been yet. Unfortunately most were in a terrible state of disrepair and were deemed uninhabitable. Those in the regiment who could not make repairs or found themselves without one of the old huts were obliged to build one from scratch.
Davis of Company H, was stricken with a different type of illness. Some of the boys joked him by accusing him of blowing himself up. Let that be as it may if that was the only blowing up he ever got he was lucky. A West Point graduate and Mexican War veteran, Hays had seen action early in the war, on the Peninsula and at Second Manassas, and he brought his reputation as a no-nonsense disciplinarian with him. Taking immediate steps to cut out the deadwood from the garrison, he instituted strict policies with swift retributions for infractions.
The general would do everything in his power to make these men into the best soldiers in the army. Due to continuing complications with the illness he contracted during the march from Harpers Ferry to Annapolis, Colonel Segoine relinquished command of the th on January 3.
If he resigns, I guess the whole Co [company] will. In the end, Seeley remained with Company A. Due to the fact that the newly commissioned colonel liked Captain John 4. Back to Virginia 45 Coe, MacDougall advised the captain to resign his commission before he was forced from the service. The exception was Lieutenant Jacob Van Buskirk. He studied law, worked as a bookkeeper, and was employed by a bank. After a short stay in the South, where he was recovering from ill health, MacDougall returned to Auburn in and went into the banking business with William H.
Seward Jr. He demanded great things from the men and they responded at once. The colonel ordered the men to ensure that their brass was polished, shoes and cartridge boxes blackened, and that they wear white gloves at all inspections and parades. On one particular January day, the regiment spent the morning drilling by companies and spent the afternoon conducting battalion maneuvers. The mount ran out of camp, taking Perry along for the ride.
It was on one of those trips that a detail discovered a cache of over weapons hidden in the underbrush. Knowing that there were guerrilla forces operating in the area, the same detail came out the next day with a wagon and carted off the weapons right under the nose of the enemy. The Federal government had proclaimed a general amnesty for all deserters, which lasted from the beginning of the year until April 1.
If men returned of their own accord before the deadline, they would only lose pay for the time absent from their command. If captured after that date, they faced prosecution for desertion. Colonel MacDougall wanted to take full advantage of this amnesty to get as many men back into the ranks as he could.
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Captain Husk and his detail worked diligently and were able to track down and return about 20 men to the regiment. The captain was ordered to raise a piece band for the regiment. We have some excellent players in this section [of the state] who might make it an object to communicate with Capt. Husk upon this matter.
Within three minutes, every able-bodied man was dressed, accoutered, and standing ready in the ranks as a steady rain fell. When no further attempts were made by the enemy to cross by A. There was two out of our company that had been home for some time and had done no duty that got so scart that they forgot to limp any more. The New Yorkers were often awakened in the middle of the night by the long roll, calling the men to form ranks and march to an area of the picket line that was under attack.
These affairs usually yielded no casualties, other than frayed nerves and loss of sleep. The poor and hungry travelers, mostly women and children, brought news of near starvation conditions and food riots in Richmond. It is almost enough to breake ones heart to see them. They say the that the south cannot hold out much longer for everything is so clean that folks that are not in the army will all starve.
Enemy soldiers were not the only threat to the safety of the men of the th. Constant rumors of supposed raids and attacks created a nervous air among the pickets. When he arrived, the doctor found George Gatesman of Company E laying on the ground with a wound through his left breast. Much to his dismay, he found the interior of his hut, as well as his bunk, covered in about a foot of freshly fallen snow.
Shaking off his blankets, he inadvertently covered his tent mate, Milton Seymour, with snow. Seymour jumped out from under his snow-covered blankets and angrily attacked Eldred, who was trying to get the snow out of his own clothes so he could dress. Since the middle of February, the ground around Centerville was covered in a blanket of snow. Colonel MacDougall personally led the left wing, and Corporal Stacey and his comrades in the right wing were forced to give ground.
They would bet on just about anything, often with large amounts of money changing hands. Gambling became so pervasive in the ranks that Colonel MacDougall was forced to issue an order forbidding the practice. The disobedient sergeant was reduced to ranks for his indiscretion.
One of the most asked-for items was boots. Sometimes the citizens of Wayne and Cayuga counties took it upon themselves to look to the needs of their sons. The citizens of Cato got together and sent a barrel of dried fruit and other items to Company H. Mosby embarked on one of his most daring exploits of the entire war. However, Mosby discovered an even better prize in General Edwin Stoughton. Grabbing the general, the guerrilla and his band made their way safely through the Union lines. I saw the whole party myself and was as green as the rest. Along with their regular activities, the men also conducted target practice, held skirmish drills, took part in running drills with their knapsacks, and held mock battles using blank cartridges.
It did not take long for the th to become known as the best-drilled regiment at Centerville. As he was putting the New Yorkers through their paces, it began to rain quite hard. Not one to be deterred by bad weather, the colonel continued with the exercise. When the drill was over, MacDougall began to lead his men back to camp at a full run.
Most of the men could not keep up and fell out along the way.
Letters of Cpt Morris Brown, Jr. (126th NY State Infantry Regiment)
One of those was the color sergeant. Before falling out, he handed the colors to Corporal Stacey. The constant drill and rigors of camp life were beginning to have an effect on the men. To Corporal Stacey, Second Lieutenant Erastus Granger made too many mistakes during drill and constantly made a fool of himself.
There is too much style put on in this army I hate the sight of military suit of clothes. Hopkins place was taken by 24year-old Charles Frisbee. Back to Virginia 49 had risen to Sergeant Howard Servis of the same company was promoted to second lieutenant. There may be a chance for a Lieutenant in the company. This is what I wish Deborah and my desire is that I may get it but I must have someone to help me. The New Yorkers cooked three days rations and packed their knapsacks. All tents and extra equipment would be left behind under guard.
Some thought they were bound for Fredericksburg to join the Army of the Potomac. Others, like Thomas Dadswell, were certain the regiment was headed south to take part in a different campaign altogether. After all the packing and preparing was done, the New Yorkers were ordered to unpack their knapsacks and settle back into camp.
Over the next two days, the Confederates launched a series of attacks against a defensive but larger Union army. A welcome diversion from military life came when the regiment received visitors from home. Benton spent much of her time in the hospital talking to the sick soldiers, many of whom commented that it was nice to have a woman to talk with.
One of those was John N. Knapp was appointed as adjutant in July but resigned his commission before the regiment mustered into service the next month. With this conviction, J. It seems that the colonel was thrown from his horse and bruised severely. Companies B and C were selected and placed under the command of Captain Robert Perry of Company B, who marched his men about 16 miles southwest of Alexandria. Camp was established atop a high hill on the estate of the widow Fitzhue, with a commanding view of the bridge. These soldiers belonged to Union general Oliver O.
Imagine to yourself about as much again dust as you generally see at a state fair and then you can form some opinion. And so it is for miles as far as the eye can reach. Many took the opportunity to visit friends and relatives serving in other regiments. Newman Eldred was returning from bathing after a tour on the picket line when he saw a group of soldiers approaching.
Looking over the group, he recognized his brother, who was currently serving in the th New York. Corporal Smith went to the camp of the rd Pennsylvania and visited with many friends he had not seen in years. As soon as they halted, commenced to draw things, [we] had to put double guard to protect things. Others have thrown away knapsacks and canteen and haversack. Back to Virginia 51 And some even guns. With so many soldiers in one place, there were bound to be problems.
One night, soldiers belonging to the II Corps broke into the sutler store of the Ninth Massachusetts Battery, which was also part of the garrison at Fort Hays. The results we have not heard, only that we heard that the rebs had possession of the passes and our soldiers had driven them out. The troopers stated that at least more prisoners were taken in the engagement and sent on to Fairfax Station. Having decided that the war had been fought far too long on Virginia soil, General Lee determined to try his hand at a second invasion of the North.
The New Yorkers were beginning to feel as if they were destined to remain spectators in a war in which they desperately wanted to take part. To further compound their feelings of frustration, the men were ordered to draw rations, pack knapsacks, and be prepared to march to Bull Run Bridge on a routine drill. No sooner had the regiment arrived at the bridge when it was turned around and marched back to camp. For Sergeant Hoff, the entire affair was humorous. On June 24 the long-awaited orders arrived in camp. The th was directed to break camp at Centerville and march at once for Gum Springs.
Tents were lowered, knapsacks packed, and extra uniforms and equipment packed away and stored at various locations in town. Whatever the men needed would be carried on their backs. We will go in the Second Corps General Hancock. To her he has always loved. Love and protect Edwin and blessings of your true and devoted husband will always be with you.
The command of the brigade was given to Colonel George Willard of the th and was designated as the Third Brigade of the Third Division. General Hays was elevated to the command of the Third Division. The New Yorkers found soldiers backed up for miles waiting to cross into Maryland. But no sooner did they erect tents than the order to resume the march was given. While their comrades were struggling through the ankle-deep mud and extreme darkness, Companies B and C were leaving their camp around Accotink and traveling north by train.
Camp was established about one-quarter of a mile from Arlington House, the prewar home of General Lee. By A. Later that afternoon the march resumed. The men passed through the towns of Poolesville and Barnesville before stopping for the night at the foot of Sugar Loaf Mountain. With knapsacks slung across their backs, the New Yorkers once again took up the march. Back to Virginia 53 and, despite the muddy roads, the day was rather pleasant.
With some irony, John Paylor noted that they were in almost the exact location they had occupied the previous September after their humiliating surrender at Harpers Ferry. Meade, commander of the V Corps, had replaced Joseph Hooker as head of the army. And he is a good Corps commander. Further than that the opinion is among the men that he cannot handle a large army. But then common soldiers have no right to an opinion of their own. Starting at A. The march quickly turned into a test of endurance.
Men fell out at every step, overcome by the severe heat and exhaustion. The th was soon scattered all over the Maryland countryside. Men would fall out every few rods, declaring they could not go another step, but by coaxing and carrying their muskets for them, and more by keeping up a constant stream of funny stories and songs, we were able to hold them on for miles As the regiment continued to move forward, he found himself unable to keep up with his men.
At length I fell in the road unconscious and was carried to a house not far away, where I rested until morning.
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Sergeant Marcellus Mosher of Company I allowed Smith to ride his horse for a while and even tried to get him a place in an ambulance, but to no avail. The next morning, Smith was taken with a severe pain and was forced to seek medical attention at a farmhouse in Carroll County, Maryland. The farm belonged to a Mr. Regrettably, the corporal was in such poor health that it would be six months before he could rejoin the regiment. What was left of the regiment halted at Uniontown that night, a distance of over 30 miles from Monocacy Junction. Out of the men who began the grueling march, there were only about 20 men left standing with the colors to answer the roll call.
June 30 was a day of rest and recuperation for those with the regiment and a day to catch up to their comrades for those who had fallen behind on the march. Later in the day, the paymaster arrived in camp. Roll was again taken, and the men were mustered for pay. No rations had been issued since leaving Centerville and most of the men had to scrounge through their haversacks or beg to secure food for breakfast.
Lack of food was something that would plague the regiment throughout the entire campaign. At A. Once again it appeared as though the regiment would be denied the chance to redeem itself for the humiliation suffered at Harpers Ferry. Newman Eldred dreaded the coming contest, fearing that the next day might be his last.
But one thought above all else gave him the strength to face his fears and that was being branded a coward. For Eldred, this was a fate worse than death. He remembered the last words his father spoke to him before leaving New York with the regiment. Gripping him by the hand, the senior Eldred cautioned his son not to get shot in the back. Charles Todd and Robert Johnson of Company A chose to desert from the ranks rather than face the enemy.
The rebels were unable to press their advantage and were forced to settle into position for the night. The regiment, along with the rest of the brigade, was assigned a reserve position at the east, or lower side of an orchard next to the road. At the top of the orchard was the Abraham Brien house and barn, and to the right was a wooded grove owned by David Zeigler.
Beyond the Brien homestead was Emmitsburg Road, a typical dirt lane bordered on either side by a rail fence, and beyond that, about a mile away, was Seminary Ridge. The New Yorkers traded shots with Confederate skirmishers who emerged from the woods at the edge of Seminary Ridge and from the southern end of town. The line was at once re-established and never broke again. Just like the day before, the New Yorkers continued to suffer from a lack of rations. We gave our belts a hitch and all who smoked indulged vigorously while we awaited events.
Fortunately it did not explode but it created quite a sensation Colonel MacDougall paced back and forth behind the regiment, reminding the men to stay low. A shell from the rebel guns burst directly over the regiment, sending fragments of iron raining down to the ground. Destroying a musket, the exploding shell showered both privates with dirt and debris.
Wallace and Davis both jumped to their feet and began to wipe the dirt off their faces and from out of their mouths when Colonel MacDougall ran over and ordered the dirt-covered privates to lie back down. Not long after the enemy had viewed his position and formulated a plan of attack, General Sickles had taken it upon himself to move his entire III Corps forward from the low ground north of Little Round Top to the high ground along Emmitsburg Road.
Sickles had asked permission several times to make the move, but receiving no response, made the move anyway. It was in this area that the battle for control for the center of the Union line would take place. Fortunately, the majority of the rounds fell to their left and rear. Hays immediately called for Colonel Willard. Close to P. With ranks formed, Chaplain Brown climbed atop a stone wall in front of the regiment and began to speak. He knew his words of inspiration would have a profound effect upon the listeners, if only they could have heard him. The th, marching in front of the th, made up the right side of the column while the 39th, marching in front of the th, made up the left side of the column.
Sometime during the movement, General Hancock joined Colonel Willard in conducting the brigade to its place in line. Brigadier General William Barksdale and his brigade of Mississippi infantry had smashed through the III Corps regiments posted around the peach orchard. Without stopping to realign his soldiers, General Barksdale turned his regiments to the northeast and advanced them toward Plum Run, where he spotted a gap between the two corps. He intended to drive his men straight into the gap and sever the Union line in the center. But the advancing Confederates had not gone far before a new line appeared to their front.
The th was positioned about yards in the rear of and to the right of these two regiments to act as a reserve. Standing in line of battle, the men of the th were able to see what was happening in front of them. The men of the th watched in awe as their comrades pushed forward toward the swale and the oncoming Confederates concealed within.
Redemption in Pennsylvania 59 trail of dead and wounded in their wake. The New Yorkers sprang to their feet, dressed their ranks and prepared to join the battle that was raging to their front. But not everyone rose to answer the call. The line, bristling with bayonets, was now three regiments strong. As the regiments advanced, men in the th began to cheer. MacDougall continued to push his men forward. Postwar historian Lewis H.
Our brigade was a large one and, despite its losses, presented a long line of bright bayonets. I have never seen soldiers who would stand and receive a bayonet charge. Their wavering inspirited our men. This second man was struck down as soon as he grasped the staff. Carrying the national colors, Hicks was riddled with bullets, shot once in the head and twice through the body, and died instantly.
But Derby, too, paid the ultimate price as he was struck down with a mortal wound. Color Sergeant William Hart, carrying the regimental colors, was shot in the right leg, a wound that would require amputation. Another member of the Color Guard, Corporal Edward Riley, received a mortal wound when he was shot in the stomach. First Sergeant Alfred Miller of Company A was mortally wounded when one ball passed through his ribs and entered his right lung and a second ball shattered his right forearm.
William Brown of Company H was shot in the face while fellow company member Morris Welsh was killed when a piece of shell ripped through his thigh. Corporal William Birdsall of Company I went down when a piece of shell shattered his left arm. He fell hard to the ground but quickly mounted another horse. A few moments later, MacDougall again was thrown from the saddle as his second horse went down. Mounted for the third time, the colonel continued to lead the regiment forward.
The 19year-old student from Cayuga Lake Academy was remembered fondly by his comrades. Redemption in Pennsylvania 63 sylvania, in the middle of November. Here his wound slowly began to heal. But by the middle of December, the corporal took a turn for the worse. He wishes me to inform you that he thinks his end is near, and that he would like very much, if possible, to see you.
Volleys from the regiment continued to rake the retreating enemy, who left a trail of dead and wounded to mark their path of retreat. Among the Confederate casualties was General Barksdale himself. He fell with a mortal wound while urging his men forward, shot in the chest and in both legs. Advancing with its Horace Smith, Company K. He was the brother of George and was killed at Gettysburg, July 2, courtesy of R.
Henry Gifford, Company K.
Not long after the regiment stopped, Colonel MacDougall received orders from Colonel Willard to return the th to its original position. The New Yorkers moved with a number of prisoners the regiments had captured during the charge and four pieces of artillery in tow. The lieutenant woke up almost two hours later and found himself all alone between the hostile lines.
Moving under the cover of darkness, Brinkerhoff slowly made his way back up Cemetery Ridge to the regiment. The th moved back into the swale and crossed Plum Run. One of those pieces struck the gallant Colonel Willard, tearing away his face and part of his head. The colonel fell from his horse, dead. Safely behind the new line, the men of the th threw themselves to the ground in complete exhaustion. The 21st Mississippi had fought its way through the peach orchard but soon became separated from the rest of its brigade.
The Mississippians were halted around the guns trying to regroup when the 39th charged. But after receiving a second order to move, Mac- 5. Redemption in Pennsylvania 65 Dougall called the New Yorkers to attention and began marching the eight companies north along Cemetery Ridge. Sherrill pleaded his case, stating that he was following the last orders issued by Willard before his death: return the brigade to its original position. But the II Corps commander would have none of it.
He ordered MacDougall to assume command of the brigade and return his regiment back to the area in front of the swale. The weary New Yorkers took their place on the skirmish line and listened to the piteous cries of the wounded, some begging for help, some for water and others for death. About 30 minutes later, MacDougall received orders to march the brigade back to its original position below the Brien orchard.
The roll call that evening was sad, indeed. I know not how it could have been better done.
111th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
It was one of the most brilliant things I ever saw. We had been near and dear friends for so long. Disease and other causes took another 2 officers and enlisted men. This raises the total sacrificed to reunite this nation to Two officers and 74 men died while in the confinement of Confederate prisons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American Civil War portal New York state portal. New York in the War of Rebellion, — Albany: J. Lyon Company, State Printers. Intellectual Reserve, Inc. Retrieved October 9, Volume 2.
Winter Campaigning 94 8. Overland Through Virginia 9. Marching to the Left The Cockade City Routed at Reams Station The Siege Continues The Last Campaign Appendix A. See All Customer Reviews. Shop Books. Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. About the Author Martin W. Average Review.