Get PDF Reason to Write: Applying Critical Thinking to Academic Writing

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His wife works at the college, too. They have three young children in the local school system, and their family is well known in the community. The man is now running for political office. Are his credentials and experience sufficient for entering public office?

Will he be effective in the political office? Some voters might believe that his personal life and current job, on the surface, suggest he will do well in the position, and they will vote for him. What else might you want to know? How about whether the man had already held a political office and done a good job? For most people, a typical day is filled with critical thinking and problem-solving challenges. In fact, critical thinking and problem-solving go hand-in-hand.

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They both refer to using knowledge, facts, and data to solve problems effectively. But with problem-solving, you are specifically identifying, selecting, and defending your solution. Remember, too, to assume the attributes of a good critical thinker. Evaluating information can be one of the most complex tasks you will be faced with in college. When you read and take notes, use the text coding strategy.

It entails marking the text and recording what you are thinking either in the margins or perhaps on Post-it notes. With text coding, mark important arguments and key facts. Indicate where you agree and disagree or have further questions. Feel free to develop your own shorthand style when reading or taking notes. The following are a few options to consider using while coding text.

Critical Thinking

When you examine arguments or claims that an author, speaker, or other source is making, your goal is to identify and examine the hard facts. You can use the spectrum of authority strategy for this purpose. The following video explains this strategy. When you use critical thinking to evaluate information, you need to clarify your thinking to yourself and likely to others. What is the purpose?

What question are we trying to answer? What point of view is being expressed? What assumptions are we or others making?

Critical Thinking | Basic Reading and Writing

What are the facts and data we know, and how do we know them? What are the conclusions, and do they make sense? What are the implications? Consider your intellectual commitments, values, and standards. Do you approach problems with an open mind, a respect for truth, and an inquiring attitude? Try to work these qualities into your daily life. Skip to main content.

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Search for:. Critical Thinking Introduction Learning Objectives define critical thinking identify the role that logic plays in critical thinking apply critical thinking skills to problem-solving scenarios apply critical thinking skills to evaluation of information. Figure 1. Shorthand Meaning! Important L Learned something new! St Petersburg College, n. Licenses and Attributions. CC licensed content, Original. Identify the problem Provide as many supporting details as possible Provide examples Organize the information logically.

Use logic to identify your most important goals Identify implications and consequences Identify facts Compare and contrast possible solutions. Your academic studies will provide you with the opportunity to practice these skills and this tutorial will assist you to understand the process. Explore the topics at your own pace, in the context of your unit requirements and the stage of your learning. You may like to start at the first topic, Reasoning, but beware!

For example, if we are reasoning , we may also need to reflect on our own biases and analyse how these have impacted on our evaluation. To start, choose the main focus of your task and see where this takes you in the critical thinking process. Critical thinking is not about being negative. The term critical comes from the Greek word kritikos meaning discerning.

Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing

So critical thinking is a deeper kind of thinking in which we do not take things for granted but question, analyse and evaluate what we read, hear, say, or write. It is a general term used to identify essential mindsets and skills that contribute to effective decision making. While there are many definitions for critical thinking, here is one that covers its essential aspects:.

Think about an individual or group of people who you consider to be critical thinkers. Ask yourself two questions: How would you describe each of these individuals? What exactly do they do that identifies them as critical thinkers? The people below will help you get started Click on them to reveal more information. With respect to the first question above, you may respond by describing critical thinkers by the mindsets they possess. These could include being:. The second question considers what critical thinkers do — the skills they display. You might say that a critical thinker:. Skip to content Skip to navigation.