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Citation - Stigma; notes on the management of spoiled identity - UW-Madison Libraries

August 11, - Published on Amazon. Erving Goffman was a brilliant sociologist. His true gifts were analysis, organization, and analogy. In his landmark signature work, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, he drew parallels between social behavior and theatrical performance. There are different kinds of stigmas. Some, such as homosexuality or being an ex-inmate, are often invisible, but others, like facial disfigurement or being of a minority race are often the first things anyone notices about the person.

Both the stigmatized and the normals try different strategies.


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The normals also try different strategies to mask their discomfort. Goffman examines the strategies employed, and which strategies are most effective. I would very much recommend this book to teachers or anyone else who deals with people in social situations. Five stars. February 5, - Published on Amazon. It was very helpful. It allowed me to understand how stigma was related to the research I was doing in a class that I had to create a research study.

Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity

Since stigma was my focus, the information Goffman presented expend my knowledge and understanding of stigmas effects on people. I am very pleased that the professor recommend Stigma. Go to Amazon. Discover the best of shopping and entertainment with Amazon Prime. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery on millions of eligible domestic and international items, in addition to exclusive access to movies, TV shows, and more.

Back to top. People can undergo plastic surgery, but they still risk exposure as someone who was formerly stigmatised. They can make special efforts to compensate for their stigma -- disabled people can learn to swim particularly well. They can refuse to accept norms. However, hiding can lead to further depression, isolation and anxiety.

Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity, by Erving Goffman Essay

The stigmatised can become self-conscious, feel on show, be afraid to display negative emotions such as anger, in case this is seen as a symptom of their stigma. They feel exposed to staring, to curious strangers and their false shows of interest. They can become annoyed at compliments resulting from performing routine deeds or being immediately forgiven for minor incompetencies.


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  • The stigmatised can find sympathetic others, either people like them or those who are prepared to offer support and coping. However this can mean living in a 'half world',and focusing excessively on 'the problem'. Others can form self-help groups, residential clubs, national associations, or semi-secret brotherhoods such as those formed by ex-convicts. Sometimes these groups can conflict and compete among themselves.

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    Often there is a struggle over labels. An 'intellectually worked up version of their point of view is thus available to most stigmatised persons' They can even develop professional spokespersons, but any high profile stigmatised person can be expected to be a spokesperson for the rest. As a result, such professionals can drift away from contact with the stigmatised.

    Nurses can be wise because of their knowledge of prosthetics, employers of gays can be wise, even the police can be. The wise can also be relatives, although some relatives run the risk of being stigmatised themselves by association. The wise can have normalised relations with the stigmatised, or even develop a 'stigmaphile response' The stigmatised can undergo a moral career, a learning experience that develops different kinds of adjustments to themselves.

    For example, one can learn about 'normals', and the consequences of possessing a stigma. One outcome is to learn enough about 'normals' to feel that it's possible to become one. Another is to enter a protective capsule, this is often reserved for children and ends with their entry to school. The stigmatised therefore go through a number of 'affiliation cycles', a pattern of oscillating identifications. These may be marked by critical incidents, which are also used retrospectively to account for the adoption of identity, as in coming out as a gay.

    Hospitalisation may provide a suitable pause for adjustment, as can reading about the condition fiction as well. The stigmatised may attempt 'passing', realising that they must control the information conveyed through their bodies. Symbols are routinely used to understand others, such as the wearing of wedding rings. The stigmatised can also deploy 'disidentifiers' which break the mould -- such as 'good English' for black people, or 'intellectual' glasses for illiterates.

    However, some signs are less stable --'fugitive signs' 61 and there are also beneficial 'points' and unhelpful 'slips'. Some signs may be congenital skin colour while others vary in terms of their permanence, or whether they are voluntary or involuntary. Signs can be conveyed by being seen with other members of the stigmatised.

    The visibility of stigma affects the ability to pass actually the perceptibility, since some signs are detected by ears or noses. Even obvious signs can be rendered invisible, as when wheelchair users sit around a table. People can also disattend to them. Revealing signs may be specific to social situations or are far more general. Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper.

    Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly. Shrivastava and fellow researchers provide an individual approach: One of the key requirements for success of early intervention programs is to formulate anti-stigma measures. The lack of awareness alone is not responsible for keeping patients away from treatment, but it is the fear of being labeled as mentally ill. Term Papers words 6. Term Papers words 2. Many European countries invaded other continents and enslaved people by using their lack of technology and cultural accumulation.

    This era have lasted nearly 4 centuries and effects of this long time did not disappear suddenly Term Papers words 4.