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Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery on millions of eligible domestic and international items, in addition to exclusive access to movies, TV shows, and more. Back to top. The ministers expressed their concern about events occurring in Syria and support for the UN-led investigation into the alleged use of chemical weapons in Syria.
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The United Kingdom, United States, and France held separate talks with the Syrian National Coalition ahead of the G8 foreign ministers meeting, where they discussed how to best provide practical support to achieve a political solution to the ongoing conflict. The ministers supported strengthening the sanctions regime against the DPRK while urging the country to engage in multilateral talks.
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The main outcome was the statement issued by the G8 concerning the use of chemical weapons in Syria, calling on all parties to all access to the investigating team mandated by the UN Secretary General. The G8 also called on Iran and North Korea to scale back on its nuclear weapons, encouraged Iran to comply with its obligations to the NPT, and reaffirmed its commitment to nonproliferation and disarmament.
On May, France hosted the G8 summit in Deauville. Due to past successes of the G8 Global Partnership, the leaders of the summit decided to renew the Partnership, which was set to expire in However, after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, particular focus was given over nuclear safety. These issues, among other commitments to promote nonproliferation, were reflected in the Dauville G8 Declaration.
While G8 leaders discussed expansion of the partnership no specific countries were mentioned as potential candidates. G8 members reported on the progress made through the Partnership in addressing the human dimension of proliferation through the funding projects that engaged former WMD scientists or scientists with WMD-related expertise in the development of sustainable civilian research and other activities.
Topic: Financing of Proliferation
The American and Russian Presidents informed the G8 leaders of their signature to the Protocol amending the Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement, in which each country commits to dispose 34 metric tons of surplus weapons-grade plutonium. Through the Global Partnership, additional radiation detection equipment will be placed throughout Russia and Ukraine. During the conference, biosafety risk assessments, proliferation concerns, and methods for reducing the spread of disease were discussed.
Members discussed issues on: the economic crisis, poverty, climate change, and other international issues. Under the statement, the G8 members continued to support previous Summit statements. Members also reaffirmed their commitment to improve nuclear safety and acknowledged the progress achieved since the last G8 Summit in ongoing projects at the Chernobyl site, while reasserting their commitment to undertake joint efforts with Ukraine to work towards converting the site to a stable and environmentally safe condition.
The G8 members also agreed to adopt new rules for sensitive nuclear exports. The rules originated from a Nuclear Suppliers Group NSG drafted document, which outlined specific criteria for non-nuclear weapon States to fulfill before being eligible to receive exports related to uranium enrichment and spent fuel reprocessing.
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On July, Japan hosted the G8 summit in Hokkaido. The declaration called for a continuing moratorium on nuclear weapon test explosions but did not mention the CTBT. The report and annex on the G8 Global Partnership noted the progress in chemical weapons destruction, the dismantlement of nuclear submarines, the disposition of fissile material, the employment of former weapons scientists, and the physical protection of nuclear materials.
Partners reaffirmed their continued commitment with the Kananaskis Statement. The report noted U. On June, Germany hosted the G8 summit in Heiligendamm. Forming part of a series of documents adopted at the conclusion of the summit, members issued statements on Nonproliferation , the Global Partnership , and Nuclear Safety and Security. The Statement on Nonproliferation reaffirmed the commitment of members to the multilateral treaty system governing nonproliferation, while emphasizing the key role of the U.
Security Council in addressing the challenges of proliferation. Members also underlined the importance of compliance with the multilateral treaty system and committed to continue efforts to make the IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement together with the AP the universally accepted verification standard to ensure the peaceful use of nuclear energy. In order to reduce the risks associated with the spread of enrichment and reprocessing technology, G8 members stressed the importance of developing and implementing mechanisms of multilateral approaches to the nuclear fuel cycle but reiterated that participation in such a mechanism should be on a voluntary basis without precluding any state from purchasing nuclear fuel cycle services commercially.
In reference to regional proliferation challenges, the G8 countries urged Iran to suspend its enrichment-related and reprocessing activities and deplored its refusal to meet its obligations under relevant UNSC resolutions. G8 members reaffirmed their commitment to the Global Partnership and to its priorities as originally formulated at the Kananaskis G8 summit.
Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons
Members noted significant progress in all activities, and welcomed the increased financial contribution by Russia since The NSSG, created at the Kananaskis Summit with the role of providing technical and strategic policy advice to leaders of G8 on nuclear safety and radiation protection issues, met and discussed nuclear safety improvement programs for operating nuclear power plants in Armenia and the Ukraine. The primary themes were: energy security, education and the fight against infectious diseases. The Members re-affirmed the inalienable right to peaceful nuclear energy but stressed that alternatives must be sought to ensure access to nuclear fuel-related services to states as an alternative to pursuing enrichment and reprocessing activities.
The Partnership noted with appreciation the Russian initiative towards multinational fuel centers and the US initiative towards a Global Nuclear Energy Partnership. The G8 encouraged India to take further steps towards integration into the mainstream of strengthening the nonproliferation regime, so as to facilitate a more forthcoming approach towards nuclear cooperation to address its energy requirements, in a manner that enhances and reinforces the global non-proliferation regime.
The Report on the G8 Global Partnership re-affirmed the commitment of the members fully implement all the G8 Partnership objectives and left open the possibility of expansion of the Partnership to other recipient countries and donor states. The report noted the practical progress made by Global Partnership initiatives in Russia, including the destruction of chemical weapons, the dismantlement of 61 nuclear submarines, the funding of 1, research projects employing some 17, Russian nuclear scientists and the disposition of 34 tons of plutonium.
Intended to enhance cooperation between states in combating the threat of nuclear terrorism, the Initiative intended to improve accounting, control, and physical protection of nuclear material and radioactive substances, as well as security of nuclear facilities and further tackle illicit trafficking of fissile material, among other measures. The International Convention on the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism is intended to serve as the primary, although not the exclusive, legal basis for the work of the Initiative.
These reports examined the progress as of by the G8 Global Partnership. On July, the U. Major topics addressed included: the progress of the Global Partnership and other established nonproliferation objectives. G8 members were particularly concerned over the threat of proliferation posed by Iran and North Korea. The leaders stressed the need for North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program and return to the NPT.
The G8 Global Partnership Annual Report discussed ongoing and upcoming projects taking place in Russia, noting the developed efforts at increasing co-ordination between participating donors towards maximizing the use of resources. The Partnership also continued to work towards building an international framework to handle efficiently the disposition of fissile materials and the employment of former weapons scientists. The Partnership welcomed Ukraine as a new member and discussed the importance of expanding membership to additional former Soviet Union States.
Members emphasized the importance increasing membership to nonproliferation treaties and organizations such as the NPT, the International Convention on the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, as well as the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation. Members also stressed the importance of the IAEA AP and its role as the new standard in the field of nuclear supply arrangements.