It underscores Guido's betrayal of Franciscan spirituality and the neglect of the conscience, and it suggests further avenues of research on this subject. Cook and R. Herzman offer in their essay a clear and thorough exposition of what Dante [End Page ] learned from Francis: poverty, humility, simplicity, consciousness of history, and one's active role in it.
Dante and the Franciscans
The authors point out the presence of Francis in the Commedia as the Sun who radiates all the virtues and the Heaven of the Sun as a rewriting of the Canticle of Creatures. Elvira Giosi's "A Franciscan Explanation of the cinquecento dieci e cinque " adds fruitfully to the scholarship of this enigma through Hebrew gematria. The theological metaphor of feet as symbols of rectitude and justice sagaciously suggests the appearance of a messianic messenger announcing the seventh state of Joachim of Fiora, or Saint Francis resurrected whom Ubertino describes as having "straight feet".
This piece will stir up debate, but it is based on solid ground. Giuseppe Mazzotta's essay "Dante's Franciscanism" is a magisterial analysis of Inferno 27, "Guido's mockery of Franciscan principles," raising issues of political theology, the liberal arts, and Franciscan assaults on logic and grammar. Mazzotta brilliantly points to such Bonaventuran texts as Collationes in Hexameron and De reductione artium ad theologiam as the intellectual, theological, and political sources of Dante's Heaven of the Sun.
The World of St. Francis of Assisi
Most inspiring for today is the notion of Saint Francis as a demolisher of crusades and a bastion of peace intending "to tear down the theological barriers dividing Christians and Muslims. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves.
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Cook has done extensive research in Italy, where he has also conducted numerous NEH seminars for high school, college, and university teachers. He is the winner of several teaching awards, and a festschrift has been recently published in his honor, entitled The World of St. Francis of Assisi.
Early in his career, Dr. Cook converted to Catholicism, largely through his study of St.
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Cook's reputation rose to international recognition in , with the publication of Images of St. Advanced Search.
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