There have been calls of late from lawmakers and businesses for the government to relax the arms export control policy to enable Japan to ship to a third country components produced by the current Japan-U. The government's current interpretation of the Three Principles on Arms Exports prohibits Japan from exporting weapons and arms components to other countries, except the transfer of military technologies to the United States, with which Japan has a security treaty.
One of the key pillars of the draft bill is a ban on politicians receiving donations from organized supporters by "diverting" the donations to political groups. TOKYO: Japan's ruling party is eyeing a constitutional change allowing its military to use force in international missions and letting a woman ascend the throne. The ruling Liberal Democratic Party plans to decide on the outline of the changes next month and announce the final draft in November next year, the Yomiuri Shimbun said, citing party sources.
The changes would mark a major revision to the pacifist constitution imposed by the Americans at the end of World War II, in which the nation renounces war and the use of force in settling international disputes. While the draft still renounces war, it would allow a newly defined self-defense force to use arms in international security missions, the paper said. Some of Japan's Self-Defense Forces troops in Iraq have been prevented from joining a multinational force providing security and have instead operated independently on a strictly humanitarian and reconstruction mission.
The revision to the structure of the royal family would also take some pressure off Crown Princess Masako, who has suffered from a stress-induced illness since last December. Masako, 40, has been pressured to produce a male heir to the throne. When she gave birth to daughter Princess Aiko in December , it sparked a debate about overturning the ban on women entering the line of royal succession.
TOKYO Kyodo - Japan's forthcoming defense outline will reflect major shifts in policy, mentioning concern about China for the first time and envisaging a more active role for the Self-Defense Forces in ''international contribution,'' according to a full draft obtained by Kyodo News on Tuesday. The detailed draft of the new National Defense Program Outline also sets forth revisions to ease Japan's arms exports control policy to enable it to ship components for its ongoing joint missile defense research with the United States.
The draft outline shows Japan's concern about the threat posed by China's increasing military power amid heightening bilateral tensions stemming from such issues as a territorial dispute over the Senkaku Islands, and natural gas development projects in the East China Sea. The document's release, expected to be approved by the Cabinet in late November, also comes after the recent intrusion into Japanese waters by a Chinese nuclear submarine. The document, which outlines Japan's defense policies for the next 10 years, also points to North Korea's nuclear arms development programs and proliferation of ballistic missiles as well as the problem of reunification on the Korean Peninsula as pending security issues in Japan's vicinity.
In comparison, the current outline avoided referring to specific countries by name and only referred to issues such as ''large-scale military powers including nuclear capabilities'' and ''tension over the Korean Peninsula. On the realignment of U. The Defense Agency is believed to have included the issue in the outline with the transformation negotiations which the two countries are aiming to reach agreement in next spring in mind.
The outline also clearly states that the SDF's overseas activities would cover not only East Asia but also the Middle East in the name of more active international contribution, which will mean a major change in Japan's definition of the role of the SDF in the troops' year history.
The expansion of the territorial scope for SDF activities is also believed to be aimed at allowing Japan to provide more support to the United States, with which Japan has a security treaty, in operations in the Middle East. Japanese troops are currently deployed in Iraq and in the Indian Ocean to provide logistical support to the U.
But the dispatches were enabled only with the passage of designated laws to give special permission for them. The plan to relax arms exports controls to meet the needs of an effective Japan-U. When first declared in , the policy banned arms exports to communist countries, those subject to U.
In , however, the government announced that Japan would refrain from exporting arms regardless of the destinations. In , the transfer of military technologies to the United States was made an exception to the three principles. There have been calls of late from lawmakers and businesses for the loosening of export controls to ensure that they do not become a hurdle to the ongoing joint missile defense research with the United States and to allow Japan's weapons industry to become more competitive.
The draft also includes the assumption of possibly selling old destroyers to Southeast Asian countries. Japan, however, will stick to its three nonnuclear principles, namely not producing, possessing or allowing nuclear arms into its territory, and will rely on the U. Japan will ''be proactive in engaging in strategic dialogue with the United States on security issues including on role-sharing'' to prevent new threats such as terrorism and ballistic missiles, it says.
The agency indicated that it plans to include appendix tables in the new outline to show the targeted numbers of SDF personnel and equipment, but will do so in three categories, namely to respond to new threats such as terrorism, to an invasion of Japan, and for the stabilization of the global security environment. The agency, however, apparently has yet to reach an agreement with the Finance Ministry on the exact figures. The ministry is pressuring the agency for further cuts in personnel and equipment to reduce its budget request.
The draft outline also stipulates for the first time a specific time frame of five years, after which the outline is to be reviewed to reflect any necessary changes in Japan's defense policies and equipment. The first outline, adopted in , and the second formulated in did not specify any time period for regular reviews. The agency compiles a midterm defense program every five years. In a move that will anger pacifist politicians, the government submitted a draft proposal that would radically alter the nation's long-held ban on weapons exports.
The proposal would allow exports of weapons jointly developed and manufactured with either the United States or a multinational project centered on the United States, as well as weapons used for international efforts to fight terrorism and piracy. The government will discuss the draft with the ruling coalition, which received the proposals Thursday, before formally announcing the new guidelines for weapons export, probably sometime next month.
Some elements of the Liberal Democratic Party are calling for an even greater relaxation of the export ban. But the opposition parties are expected to sharply criticize the new policy as unbefitting a nation with a peace Constitution. Proponents of easing the limits had voiced concerns that the ban would hinder exports of parts to the United States when the ongoing joint development of a missile defense system enters the production stage. The proposed exemption for weapons jointly developed and produced with the United States goes beyond those concerns.
The government's new position was also influenced by lobbying from the business sector, which argued that easing the ban was necessary to maintain international competitiveness in technology. Another argument was that it would become increasingly difficult for Japan by itself to develop all the weapons it needs domestically. Among the weapons and equipment that could be exported to assist in the international fight against terrorism and piracy are helmets, bulletproof vests, vehicles and used ships. Some LDP members want to go even further and allow for the exemption to apply to international joint development projects that do not involve the United States in a central role.
Others in the LDP want the government to replace the current ban on all weapons that was introduced in by the Cabinet of Prime Minister Takeo Miki and return to the original ban established in by Prime Minister Eisaku Sato. The Sato Cabinet ban applied to nations in the Communist bloc, nations that were subject to export bans through U. But ruling coalition partner New Komeito will likely seek a more narrow relaxation of the export ban than the latest government proposal.
A majority of New Komeito members want any exemption to be limited to parts jointly developed for the missile defense system. There is still uncertainty about how the new policy would be formalized. The new guidelines could be included in the new National Defense Program Outline to be approved by the Cabinet early in December. Or it could be included in the statement by the chief Cabinet secretary that is to be released concurrently with the Cabinet order.
TOKYO — Some lawmakers of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party expressed their objections Friday to a proposed ban on compulsory military service in Japan, as stipulated in the party's draft outline for revising the Constitution, party members said. During a meeting of the LDP Research Commission on the Constitution, some members argued the issue is of defense policy rather than of constitutional revision, while others said the outline should simply say that Japan would have voluntary military service.
A Lower House panel endorsed a bill Friday to expand the types of assets that can be put in trust to include intellectual property such as technology, music and animation. If it becomes law, the bill will mark the first major revision to the law created in , under which only money, securities and real estate can be put in trust. The bill also calls for creating trust companies with limited operations to make it easier for nonfinancial companies to enter the trust business.
The envisaged companies would be allowed to conduct limited operations with registration, being tasked only with management and disposal of assets in trust. Currently, only financial institutions are allowed to operate trust businesses. About one year has passed since the participatory government came out with a series of powerful measures to stabilize real estate prices on Oct. During the period, apartment prices fell in most regions of the country, including those in Kangnam, Seoul, which is the epicenter of surging real estate prices.
Housing prices in the country dropped by 2. If the government introduces a new comprehensive real estate taxation system from next year that will impose taxes on the total amount of land and houses, the real estate market is expected to enter a depression. It is fortunate that the government has achieved its target of curbing real estate speculation and pulling down housing prices. As a surge in real estate prices causes a bubble economy and makes it difficult for ordinary people to purchase homes, housing prices should naturally be curbed.
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However, the Oct. First of all, the construction business cooled down excessively, worsening the national economy, which is suffering from sluggish domestic consumption and a high unemployment rate. We also cannot neglect growing worries over the possible occurrence of huge amounts of bad loans at financial institutions. As most household loans are home mortgage loans, banks will have to request borrowers to take an additional mortgage or repay their loans if apartment prices fall sharply.
In this case, most borrowers have to sell their houses to repay debts, which will accelerate the declining pace of housing prices. In the process, a considerable portion of home mortgage loans is feared to become bad loans. If such financial turmoil occurs, the national economy is expected to be hit hard and slip into an unrecoverable phase. Accordingly, the government should employ proper measures to help the domestic construction business make a soft landing.
For instance, the government needs to adjust the real estate taxation system in such a way as to raise the real estate holding tax, but lower the real estate transaction tax in order to activate real estate transactions, while preventing real estate speculation. It should also seriously consider delaying the timing of the introduction of the comprehensive real estate taxation system. Anti-Terror Act Pursued Again. The ruling Uri Party is pushing for legislation to create an anti-terror panel under the direction of the prime minister, a key party official said Saturday.
Ahn Young-keun said his party has drafted a legislative proposal to establish a controlling council that would assess terror intelligence, set policy and direct investigations, as well as provide compensation for victims of terrorist attacks. The new proposal, if ratified, will establish an anti-terror council comprising of a dozen ministers, including the prime minister, foreign minister and head of the National Security Service.
Ahn said the party plans to pass the law by early next month. The move comes as South Korea has been put on high alert after a spate of terror threats put on Islamic Web sites, including the one that gave South Korea a seven-day ultimatum to pull its 2,troop contingent out of Iraq. Under the bill, the envisioned panel would be empowered to request government organizations to disclose personal data of suspected terrorists, such as their financial transactions, and travel and telecommunications records, Ahn said.
A similar anti-terror act was earlier submitted to the National Assembly but was not put to a vote amid concerns over the violation of human rights and the abuse of state powers. The new legislation omits several controversial clauses from the old bill, such as the mobilization of soldiers at checkpoints and the punishment of those who fail to report suspected terrorists. The proposed legislation contains clauses that obligate the government to provide special compensation to the victims of terror. The massive New Deal investment program will start on a full-scale basis from the second half of next year with the aim of revitalizing the slumping economy.
In a workshop attended by leaders of the ruling Uri Party and Cabinet members, Deputy Prime Minister and Finance-Economy Minister Lee Hun-jai said the government would frontload budget spending in the first half of next year while from the second half of next year, pension funds, state-run enterprises and both local and foreign private equity funds would be encouraged to participate in state-sponsored projects.
The minister said in , the government will permit the construction of company towns and start projects aimed at promoting the balanced development of the country. Lee said private companies and funds will be able to build and operate facilities such as schools, welfare centers and public buildings on the condition that ownership is returned to the government after a specified period.
The National Pension Fund will be mobilized to invest in the construction of welfare centers for the elderly and infants, public medical facilities and expressways, according to Lee. He also said private pension funds will be asked to build campus lodging facilities and other auxiliary facilities linked to schools, such as swimming pools. The Civil Servant Pension Fund will participate in the construction of training facilities for government employees and public offices while the National Housing Fund will join in the construction of public housing and cultural facilities.
Foreign investment will be sought for building international schools and medical centers inside the free economic zones of Inchon, Kwangyang and Pusan, the MOFE said. Databases for state and public documents and assets will be established through massive investment, setting up a disaster management system and broadening the information base. The government will also increase investment in technology for saving energy and recycling. A final program will be decided after consultations between the government and the ruling Uri Party. It is estimated that about 10 trillion won will be mobilized for the New Deal investment program, which is aimed at creating jobs, boosting consumption and modernizing outdated facilities.
But analysts question whether the government will be able to provide attractive returns for participants in the project, as both state and private funds will hesitate to supply funds if return on investment is questionable. Customary Consitutional Law. In the recent decision on the relocation of the capital, the Constitutional Court of Korea has relied on the idea of unwritten constitutional law.
Legal circles have thus been swept into a lively debate over the question of the existence of unwritten elements on the constitutional level. Critics of the decision, alarmed by the prospect of unwritten law abrogating written law, have argued that the idea of unwritten constitutional law has no place in nations within the civil law tradition that have written constitutions.
There has been increasing willingness in countries with written constitutions to accept unwritten norms and principles as customary constitutional law, which has the same status as written constitutional law and can be abrogated through the same procedures. Many countries do stipulate their capitals in their constitutions.
There are two distinct areas of fundamental unwritten law. One is the norms of basic individual rights, equivalent to natural law jus naturale. These include universal principles of morality or human rights. The other is organizing principles necessary for constitutional order, i. In either case, unwritten constitutional principles, in order to possess normative force independent of legislative enactment, must address basic legal assumptions in the written constitution, helping a coherent development, and preventing inconsistencies, of the law.
In these cases, the imposition of unwritten law constraints on legislative authority can be justified. It does not involve basic rights and it does not improve the coherence and integrity of the constitution. It does not even define the character of the Korean legal system. It does not have any claim to application as a legal norm or to supremacy over legislation.
Examples of unwritten law recognized as customary constitutional law include the principle of parliamentarism, that is, the legal duty of government to resign after a vote of no confidence and, as in the case of Germany, the general requirement of parliamentary approval for international military operations. At best, it is political sentiment. Calling for national consensus, the court fell short of providing a legally compelling reason for striking down a statute and limiting legislative authority. But unwritten elements of law require a specific explanation and legitimation. The court failed to provide any.
Constitutional courts are expected to serve as a balancing force to the propensity to amend the Constitution. There is wisdom in the idea that courts should decide cases within narrow considerations, avoiding a sweeping interpretation of constitutional law. In the current case, the court could have taken a very narrow approach by asking about the procedural soundness of the law.
By doing this, it could have placed the burden of deliberation on representative bodies accountable to the people. Instead, the court chose to put an end to the political controversy by invoking a broad and ill-defined theory of customary constitutional law. Declaring that any further discussion of the change of the capital requres rewriting of the constitution, the court precluded democratic deliberation and debate. The concern of dissenting opinion about democratic legitimacy appears largely valid.
The criticism that the majority thwarted ordinary political process is a powerful warning against a constitutional crisis that may result from disruptions to deliberate democracy. The writer, a Fulbright senior scholar, is visiting professor of law at Handong Global University in Pohang. Unification Minister Chung Dong-young, seconding Defense Minister Yoon Kwang-ung, clearly revealed his position Wednesday that the concept of labeling North Korea the "primary enemy" should be done away with. Attending a National Assembly Unification, Diplomacy and Trade Committee session, Chung said, "Considering the changed environment in intra-Korean relations, such as the intra-Korean summit, the 'primary enemy' concept must also change.
It would be desirable for North Korea to be described with a different term in the Defense Ministry white paper to be published early next year. He said, "Personally, I think the concept of the 'primary enemy' is an old one. In the post Cold War era, no country comes up with defense strategies by labeling any particular nation a 'primary enemy. The GNP said, "We cannot hold back our fury. We must thoroughly look at the matter in the standing committee and take countermeasures by preparing to propose a motion to have ministers dismissed.
Council deputy speaker Laode Ida said the prevailing law -- which was a revision to Law No. The council, according to Laode, would soon meet with officials from the Ministry of Home Affairs to discuss the issue. The government is preparing for the election of hundreds of regents and governors in mid Article 59 of the law stipulates that independent candidates cannot run for the position of head of regional governments, unless he or she is nominated by a political party or a coalition of parties with at least 15 percent of the seats in the local legislature, or at least 15 percent of the popular vote.
The Regional Autonomy Law was endorsed by the House of Representatives after secretive and speedy deliberations. Its approval was made one day before the House ended its five-year term in late September. Laode said the hasty deliberation had resulted in a poor quality law that was rife with contradictory articles. He said the DPD also proposed the deliberation of a new law detailing the electoral process for local elections. The amended Constitution states that the DPD has the authority to draw up regulations pertaining to autonomy. Experts have said that the ban on individual candidates would only perpetuate oligarchy among political parties, which bars the way for a healthy rotation of local leaders.
Also speaking at the discussion, law expert Ibnu Tricahyo of Brawijaya University in Malang, East Java, said that prevailing Regional Autonomy Law in fact retracted the greater degree of autonomy that had been granted to local administrations. On the other hand, regional governments feel that the central government has not done enough to relinquish its grip on local governments, Ibnu said.
Ibnu also said the law went too far in rendering the central government control in drawing up guidelines on the drawing up of local bylaws. The Ministry of Finance is preparing a government regulation that will enable state-owned banks to write off bad loans owed by small-and-medium enterprises SMEs in an effort to accelerate the recovery of their businesses, a government official said. Director General of State Auction and Credit at the ministry Machfud Sidik said the government would wrap up the regulation within the first days of the new government, with a possible disposal of the loan collateral assets to start early next year.
There will be a strict criteria imposed on the facility in a bid to avoid misuse," said Machfud on Thursday. Machfud said the debts owed by the SMEs were part of the total bad loans at state-owned banks that amount to Rp 30 trillion. However, Machfud refused to disclose the amount of the debt owed by the SMEs. The bad loans are mostly a legacy of the Asian financial crisis in late that have left thousands of large and small corporations bankrupt or in serious trouble.
Based on existing regulations, the Minister of Finance is authorized to approve the disposal of bad loans of less than Rp 10 billion per entity. As for loans worth between Rp 11 billion and Rp billion, the authority to dispose of them is in the hands of the President. Disposal of loans above Rp billion should be approved both by the President and the House of Representatives. Machfud said after the regulation had been issued, state-owned banks should propose the amount of the bad loans owed by the SMEs that were eligible for the write-off measure.
The collateral for the bad loans will be taken over by the Directorate General of State Auction and Credit for an open auction to the public. Machfud said the government expected a recovery rate of up to 50 percent. It is now more than obvious that developments in Myanmar have taken a sad turn. The hardening of the junta's position does not augur well for future United Nations involvement.
The generals in Yangon will not roll out the red carpet for a U. Western sanctions are in place, but their efficacy has been questioned even by Myanmar's dissidents. Instead of voicing protests, Western capitals should assign groups of specialists to produce a list of smart sanctions aimed at the usurpers of power rather than Myanmar's population at large. One should bear in mind that, as far as the European Union is concerned, actual leverage is not very important, since only Britain, France and the Netherlands claim a measurable share of the country's total foreign investment, and this at rather low levels The European side should speak with one voice, avoiding internal differences and attempts to protect particular business interests in the pariah country.
The fact that the announcement of the new wave of sanctions came just after the recent controversial Asian-Europe Meeting ASEM -- instead of before or during it -- reflected negatively on the EU. It should also be pointed out that ASEM, viewed from the perspective of the common man either in Asia or in Europe, was lamentably overshadowed by whether Myanmar would participate or not. The low level of Myanmarese representation -- a concession to the EU side -- failed to hide a Myanmarese -- and thus, by extension, Asian -- victory in the row over participation.
The member Association of Southeast Asian Nations is certainly embarrassed by the membership of such an appalling regime. But geography has its own imperatives. The famous mantra of noninterference in domestic affairs may prove unpalatable concerning Myanmar, yet it has served ASEAN very well for decades. Even after the dramatic developments in Myanmar following the ousting of Prime Minister Khin Nyunt, a Yomiuri editorial called for Japan to stick to its policy of engagement as a means of dissuading even closer ties between Yangon and Beijing.
More liberal circles in Tokyo see things differently, but the prevailing mood is not to alienate Yangon. This picture was further aggravated a few days ago by New Delhi's red-carpet welcome of Myanmar's paramount leader. Myanmar's generals ultimately will have to come to their senses and listen to their immediate neighbors and partners.
They should present a more humane face without waiting for -- when their scheduled assumption of ASEAN's presidency threatens to undermine and destroy a successful experiment in regional harmony. He said piracy could cripple local industries and threaten the nation's economy.? Mohd Shafie said his ministry would conduct monthly checks on all 39 licensed optical disc manufacturers nationwide to monitor where their products went.?
By the end of this year, Mohd Shafie said his ministry's enforcement division would be beefed up with the addition of some new officers to tackle the piracy scourge as well as to monitor other aspects under the ministry's jurisdiction, such as the prices of goods. The Umno disciplinary board is working on new guidelines to punish members who break rules during campaigning following accusations that it was not impartial in handling certain cases.? Umno secretary-general Datuk Mohd Radzi Sheikh Ahmad said the guidelines would be based on the legal system to ensure punishment was meted out in the most transparent manner possible.
For implementation, Radzi said the board would have its own enforcement unit and members sitting as judges.? He said the new approach would eradicate accusations of foul play by the board. Umno is looking at a new disciplinary mechanism that is fair, transparent and more effective to tackle the money politics scourge, said party vice-president Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin.? He said among the suggestions put forward to him as the head of the Umno constitution and regulations committee was that there should be a separation of responsibilities over the course of dealing with any instances of corrupt practices by members.?
First, there needs to be a special committee to look into the investigation of any complaint of wrongdoing against a member. Once investigations are completed, the committee members can then recommend to the disciplinary board if action should be taken based on the evidence.?
Once the disciplinary board has decided to charge the member and convict him, he can still have the recourse of appeal to yet another body.? But at the moment, all these tasks are carried out by the disciplinary board, he said.? Muhyiddin was commenting on a statement by Deputy Prime Minister and Umno deputy president Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak that the police or the ACA might be asked to investigate party members who had committed wrongdoing.? He added that cases of wrongdoing, such as being involved in money politics, should only be referred to the police or the Anti-Corruption Agency after all the processes within Umno had been exhausted.?
The party mechanism system is fair, transparent and effective, to refer these cases to the authorities will not be right.? He need to make sure first that there will be a more effective system to deal with these cases. The system is not comprehensive at the moment, he added. Muhyiddin said there were also many instances of wrongdoing within the party that were not defined as corrupt practice by the ACA.? He said he would be announcing the composition of the constitution and regulations committee next week.? I have no problems.
I will give my full support to any measure initiated for the betterment of the party.? I believe the party would continue to hold dialogues to address the matter,? There are a lot of grey areas regarding party discipline that have to be attended to before making any move to battle those involved in money politics.? The Manila Times had reported that Malaca? Restoring the specific taxes on non-oil products could generate some P25 billion, while the percent reduction of the IRA to LGUs could enable the government to retain some P35 billion.
The former officials praised Mrs. Arroyo for admitting in August that the country was in a fiscal crisis and for taking measures to raise revenues and cut expenditures. In their letter, the former government officials also urged the President and leaders of the two Houses of Congress to heed the recommendations made by 11 University of the Philippines economics professors in August. The House of Representatives worked until early Thursday morning to approve on second reading the proposed lateral attrition bill, a revenue measure that rewards or penalizes government tax collectors based on their performance.
Danny Suarez of Quezon, successfully defended the measure during interpellation. Rolando Andaya Jr. The committee expects amendments to the budget bill when it is presented at the plenary session of the entire House. The House is expected to begin plenary deliberations on the budget bill today. Unlike in past congresses, the budget for would go direct to the plenary.
Previously, subcommittee hearings were conducted after the appropriations committee had approved the budget. Andaya allayed fears of another reenacted budget next year, pointing out that the House did its best to prevent a repeat of the budget, which was reenac-ted for this year.
If the budget is not passed, it raises the prospect of another reenactment of the budget for The House also approved on third and final reading the lateral attrition bill House Bill , which would give incentives to revenue collection agencies that are performing above par in their collection efforts, while penalizing those who fail to meet their collection targets. The lateral attrition bill is the second of the eight Palace-backed measures the House has so far approved. The House approved the lateral attrition bill, to 28, with one abstention.
A committee report prepared by Sen. This version of the sin tax bill aims to raise P10 billion for the first year of implementation, or an equivalent of P billion from to Recto asked his colleagues in the Senate to back the higher tax rates so the government could raise more revenues without affecting the viability of the industries concerned. The IMF, which just completed a post-program review of the economy, said the government had yet to make much progress toward its goal of raising annual revenues by P80 billion?
While the government budget deficit might be put under control this year owing to better collection efforts and a reduction in expenditures, the larger public-sector deficit—which includes government corporations—would remain a problem, the IMF said. It remarked that only one of eight revenue measures proposed by Arroyo—a higher tax on tobacco and liquor products—was assured of passage so far and called for the passage of more such measures in the coming months.
Arroyo has pressed Congress to raise state revenues by at least P80 billion annually but congressional leaders have warned that only half of her proposed measures sought are likely to be passed this year. National Assembly NA delegates reviewed last Friday the revised version of the Publishing Law, which will include private sector involvement in publishing and copyright violations. Director of the NA Committee for Culture, Education, Youth and Children Tran Thi Tam Dan said that because materials are not censored before publication, the Law should assure the quality and contents of published works.
She encouraged the NA to adopt detailed regulations on subject matters which are prohibited for publication, and the responsibilities of publishing house directors, editors-in-chief, senior publishing offices and State management offices to verify copyright deposits. Some NA deputies suggested that organisations and individuals should be allowed to establish publishing houses, instead of only State bodies and political organisations, as the current law stipulates.
While noting that the final surge of money coming in has prevented seriously threatened cutbacks in UJA lifesaving pro- grams, Grass emphasized that the same level of collection intensity is required at the same time the '85 Campaign increases its momentum. In thanking community leaders and professionals for their hard work and wonderful ac- complishments, Grass concluded with these words: "A strong and vibrant campaign is the most suc- cessful and effective method to in- crease the potential for Cash col- lection and conversely, a strong collection effort is the most suc- cessful and effective method to in- crease the potential for stronger campaigns.
Judy Drucker, South Florida's cultural arts impresaria, will be the guest speaker. Drucker, in her capacity as director of Temple Beth Shalom's Great Artist Series, has been a driving force behind the establish- ment of a rich cultural environ- ment in South Florida. For more information, contact Suzanne Weiner Weber, Women's Division assistant director, at Larry Smith, D- Hollywood, will be the guest speaker.
Fredda Schwartz, Low-Rise chairman, said she expects this year's brunch to be a huge suc- cess. Leaders, Irving Meyers and George Mamnson. Shomrai Guest Speaker Sen. Moynihan Continued from Page 1 Moynihan said. It's only to be con- trolled," Moynihan said at the Shomrai Dinner. He told almost Jewish leaders that U. Moynihan, who gained a reputation as a staunch supporter of Israel when he served as the U. He said U. We have to do more than our share," he said. Livingston said Sen. Moynihan's insight into the issues facing the Middle East and Israel brought a special urgency to the Shomrai Dinner and the campaign.
Livingston said. Jerome Winnick. The evening 'enerated S'jnaonn which brought the I '. Howard Barron, campaign chairman, said. If you are planning to visit the Soviet Union, contact the Jewish Federation of South Broward to find out how you can meet and help your fellow Jews in Russia. Don't be Jews of silence. Con- tact your brethern. For more information, please contact the Jewish Federation of South Broward at Seated to the right of Moynihan is Dr.
Peter Livingston, Shomrai co-chairman. Kirkpatrick, former United States envoy to the United Nations, affirmed recently in New York that "every vote I cast on issues related to Israel in the United Nations was cast with the full approval of President Reagan - No one should have any doubt about that.
In her address on the issue of Israel, the United Nations and 'nplications for U. Foreign Policy," Mrs. Kirkpatrick stress- ed the need for the U. In an apparent reference to the Israeli raid on PLO headquarters in Tunis, Ambassador Kirkpatrick declared, we should never characterize as aggression any act taken is self-defense resulting from a prior act of violence. During her tenure at the United Nations, Mrs. Kirkpatrick spoke out tirelessly and eloquently in the face of cons- tant hostility and harassment. This rescue mission embodies the spirit of Ze'ev Jabotinsky who in the late s warned the Jews of Europe to flee the impending Nazi holocaust.
The scholarships will be administered by the three Jabotinsky Prize judges who reside in Israel. In the award ceremony's keynote address, Morris B. Abram, vice chairman of the United States Commission on Civil Rights and Chairman of the National Conference on Soviet Jewry stated, "Jeane Kirkpatrick by intelligence, integrity and backbone, has restored the United States as a world power in the United Nations; and by doing so, she has made a mighty contribu- tion to freedom everywhere and to Israel's security.
This modern exodus was carried out in the best Jewish tradition and with the skill we are accustomed to expect in Israeli operations, whether for rescue or rehabilitation. The Jabotinsky Prize-Defender of Jerusalem Award, which is given for "extraordinary efforts in defense of the rights of the Jewish people," was inaugurated in In a rare move, the BIA also took action that is expected to result in the cancellation of Kulle's social security benefits.
In affirming the lower court's deportation order, the BIA noted that Kulle's SS service "primarily consisted of being a guard and training guards who made the brutal Nazi concentration camp system achieve its goals. Although the lower court had found Kulle deportable solely on the basis of his "assistance in Nazi persecution," the BIA ruled that the evidence established that he was deportable on the additional ground that he had obtained his U.
According to World Jewish Con- gress general counsel Eli Rosen- baum, who was co-counsel for the government at the trial while serving as a federal pro- secutor with the Justice Depart- ment's Office of Special Investiga- tions, this last aspect of the BIA's decision has special significance. Rosenbaum explained that the fin- ding of fraud means that when Kulle is finally deported, he will lose his entitlement to social security benefits. The Kulle case highlights the need for the enactment of legisla- tion that would directly revoke the social security benefits of pro- ven Nazi war ciminals, Rosen- baum said.
Coming Events. Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, former U. The water rising in the spring today fell as rain years ago, long before pollution. You'll like it from the first sip. Its taste reflects the natural spring source. Mountain Valley, bottled constantly for years, is the only water popular across the nation.
The main minerals are calcium and magnesium, ideal in water. It contains so little sodium it is used in a salt-free diet. Mountain Valley is so light on the system, one glassful invites another. Some people have been drinking it for 50to 70years. Where is it from? How does it taste? Is it well-known? What minerals are in it? How is it tolerated? Can I drink it regularly? Is it well protected? A glass dome covers the spring All bottling it in glass containers. The newspaper said gypt informed Israel that a sum- it would have to await clear efinition of the principles that ill govern the arbitration pro- ss in the Taba border dispute.
The Inner Cabinet has agreed in rinciple this month to submit the tion process before a date is set for a summit meeting. But senior officials in Cairo have noted that the Cabinet deci- sion served as a good basis for im- proved relations between Israel and Egypt, Haaretz reported. Possibly as a result of that deci- up to investigate massacre of Israeli tourists at Ras Burka in Sinai last October. Mubarak had contended earlier that Israel was not entitled to receive the report. He made that statement to the Cairo weekly Al- Mussawar in the course of an in- terview before the Israeli decision on Taba.
Florida By Appointment Only Tel. It is only available to members of the American Jewish Congress. We are a Jewish human rights and legal action organization, founded nearly 70 years ago. Our original aims were to strive tor the creation ofa lewish homeland in Palestine, to fight all forms of inequality, discrimina- tion and anti-Semitism; to strengthen ties between Jews of America and lews throughout the rest of the world That was 70 years ago. What about now? Our goals are the same, but the issues have changed. Our support of Israel is unqualified and fundamental.
We have been, and remain, an integral part of the Mid-East peace process. At home, we are not afraid to denounce the bigotry of a Louis Farrakhan or strive to eliminate, in the courts and out, all forms of racism, bigotry, discrimination and anti- Semitism. What does this have to do with travel? In our 40th anniversary year we determined that a concrete demon- stration of our concern for, and interest in, world Jewry would be to give our membership the opportunity of traveling to Israel and many other countries with Jewish communities.
Since then, we have become the world's largest Jewish travel program. What is so special about traveling with AJCongress? Our tours arc renowned for excellence, sophistication, inncwation, style and unrivaled value. Our members travel together, never with com- mercial tour groups. Everywhere we go. P Can anyone book a tour? If you are not already a member, you should remit membership dues along with your tour deposit.
By joining the American Jewish Congress you are playing a major role in the causes we pursue. You will also receive a subscription to our absorbing 'Congress Monthly' magazine. Call us tor details, or complete the attached coupon. Come to Israel. Lauderdale, at p. Coffee Hour. For information, phone, or Harry Matinsky Simcha Chapter No. Oakland Park Blvd. Vincent Herlovich, psychologist, will speak on "Sex is Ageless. Dona- tion, 75 cents.
For information, phone or Hillel Hillel students in South Florida will attend a weekend retreat on Feb. He will speak on campus activism and oppor- tunities for involvement in the political process. The weekend will include workshops, creative drama, discussions and an Israeli style bonfire with entertainment. The pro- gram is open to all college age students. For more information contact your Hillel director or the Hillel area office at Ocean Drive in Hollywood.
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Program and refreshments will be served. Proceeds help the children for school, camp and conventions. Chairpersons for this day are Lynda Wilentz and Arlene Ray. Call Temple Solel for information and reservations, The chapter is a combined group, con- sisting of both boys and girls ages , and is centered in the Pem- broke Pines area. If you are a Jewish boy or girl fad and are interested in joining one of our many chapters in the Gold Coast area, please con- tact Jerome Kiewe or William Rubin at or Israel Friendship Camp The Israel Friendship Camp, which brings toge- ther North American and European youth with young Israelis for a unique cultural ex- change, has announced its third summer session in Israel.
Bronfman, president of the World Jewish Congress and benefactor of the camp. Applications are now being accepted for those in grades who are seeking "unusual oppor- tunities for self-growth, discovery and friendship," according to camp director Richard Herman. The six-week camp, which begins July 7, will be held on a acre campus near the ancient Mediter- ranean port of Ashkelon, close by the nature reserve Nitzanim. And to grow you have to take risks, in- tellectuality and emotionally. Joining the campers from North America and Europe are 50 Israeli teenagers.
The group spends a month and a half living side-by-side, sharing their experiences from their respective cultures. This sharing forms lasting bonds. In a further interaction of cultures, campers spend a weekend with Arab families in nearby communities. A "luminaries program" brings to the camp political and cultural figures of international reputation. The Israel Friendship Camp also offers latitude for individual revelations.
The following are ex- cerpted from journals kept by campers as well as a letter from the mother of a camper: "While others did the moshav and kibbutz stays, I went for five days to meet my grandmother and uncles for the first time! He liked the dormitory experience 'and the kids, and loved the travel and the physical challenge. He felt enriched by the new experiences, the participation in what was to him a largely exotic culture.
His father is non-Jewish and I am a non-observant Jew beyond celebrating Hanukkah, attending a Seder and eating Hamantochen on Purim, we don't do much yet his Israel experience made him feel actually Jewish. I think for the first time. Certainly the sum- mer broadened and deepened his awareness and knowledge of the world. Oppor- tunities for traditional observance are supervised by Rabbi Michael Paley, director of Hillel at Dart- mouth College.
Those interested in attending should apply promply, as space is limited. The Matinee performance will be Feb. Andrews Ave. For tickets call Klarreich Call Sylvia An intensive effort is being made nationwide to make membership grow. Your local chapter of BBW invites you to learn more about B'nai B'rith Women, a Jewish women's organization with a reputation for service and advocacy worldwide.
BBW represents the broad spec- trum of Jewish women young and older women, single and mar- ried, women who work in the home and those who have profes- sional careers. BBW provides the link to your community and the community-at-large. It is a power- ful voice for women's rights and a leader among the United States Women's organizations.
BBW offers Jewish women a chance to expand their social con- tacts as well as to stimulate their minds and provide leadership training and networking for pro- fessional women. Here in the South Broward area, we have made a difference in our community and we are part of an international effort to pro- tect the rights of Soviet Jews, to advocate for the rights of women and to fight for social justice. Shirley Green is seen here handing a check to Mrs. Sylvia Kramer, a fundraiser for Gold Meir Hadassah. For information about tickets, please call Rose at or Florence at Don't miss this opportunity to "make the Connection" to the , members of B'nai B'rith Women, and organization with a proud tradition and an exciting future.
For information about a daytime or evening chapter in your area, please contact Elaine Goldstein Pre-registration and full pay- ment must be made by Feb. Call Liz or Karen to register, Space is Limited! Details: 10 a. Shopping and lunch, paid for separately , at the Falls. Pre-registration and full payment must be made by Feb. Call Liz Karen to pre-register or obtain additional information at March 19, a. Price includes: cruise, buffet lunch and transportation. Details: 2lk hour cruise on Key Largo Princess, glass bottom boat.
Pre-registration and full payment must be made by March 1. For further information call Dvora Friedman at The next meeting for the Support Group for caregivers of Alzheimer victims will take place Feb. Our guest speaker will be Shelly Ackerman whose subject will be the "Alternatives to Institutionalization. For further information call Dvora Friedman, Mickey Freeman entertained, and the event was a huge success. Leitner was arrested recently in I New York and arraigned before a magistrate in Federal District Court in Brooklyn, which ordered him held without bail pending an [extradition hearing.
The heavy- Iset, bespectacled law student was larrested by a U. The bus attack took place outside Mazra A- Sharkiya village, near Ramallah. Six Arabs were Wounded. Three of the men were tried and Sentenced. Leitner reportedly oreed to be a State witness. He vas released on bail but fled the [country. Do your body a avor, cut down on fatty foods. Jou'll find it easier to stay healthy nd keep a trim figure.
Congressman Larry Smith was the distinguished guest speaker, and the event was a re- sounding success. Co-chairmen were Dr. It will be held in Hollybrook's Clubhouse Sunday evening, Feb. Special guest speaker will be Jerry Gleekel, noted expert ont he Middle East. Al Rosen and Sam Kaminsky are co-chairmen. Refreshments will be served, and everyone is welcome. Fell Sunday evening, Feb. Harvey Fell is being honored for his leadership and outstanding participation in Jewish communal affairs, and for his earnest dedica- tion and loyal devotion and care for others.
He will be presented with the most prestigious Israel Bonds Hertige Award. Distinguished guest speaker will be U. Larry Smith of Hollywood. Golden Loaf Pound Cake Single Layer German Chocolate Cake Hallandale Jewish Center On Feb. Prensky spent most of his pro- fessional life in Mexico City. He retired and moved to Florida from there in the summer of During his active years of prac- tice, he lectured frequently before medical and dental groups in all parts of this country, in Mexico, South America and Europe.
His subject matter varied but one theme that became increasingly popular was "music as an aid in patient management. Prensky began addressing lay groups on the general subject of the enjoyment of music. Since tak- ing up residence in Florida Palm Beach , he has given courses on the lives of the composers and similar subjects at "The Institute of New Dimensions," at various Brandeis Univesity Clubs, before condominium forum groups, and at various churches and synagogues. He has also lectured at a number of community organizations such as Rotary and Kiwanis Clubs and trade associations.
Prensky is the official lec- turer for the Palm Beach Festival and gives talks illustrated with slides and fragments of taped music designed to stimulate in- terest in the Festival events. His lectures have also been part of the scheduled Festival activities and have been presented either at the Norton Gallery in West Palm Beach or from the stage of the Royal Poinciana Playhouse in Palm Beach, just prior to the mor- ning chamber music recitals.
He has lectured on "Music and the Jews" at synagogues in both the U. On Sunday, Feb.
Rave reviews of his perfor- mance have appeared in the coun- try's leading newspaper as well as in many foreign publications. His showmanship and technique is miles above his nearest competitor. ZaBach has appeared on Broad- way, in recital, on radio and televi- sion, in the finest supper and night clubs, and has made many hit recordings. He has played with leading symphony orchestras, primarily in the pops concert series. As one critic wrote, "A pops concert with Florian ZaBach is just that music that everyone loves. Coupled with per- sonality plus, he is truly 'the King of the pops concerts.
Playing a rare Guarnerious violin that is believed to have once belonged to Paganini and is one of the most valuable violins in the world today, tall, handsome and vital Florian ZaBach is the master showman- violinist. Adding to the evening's enter- tainment will be a well-known nightclub personality, with a ver- satility, style and artistry seldom displayed by performers.
Alberto Balsamo brings this combination to fruition as a dynamic song stylist with a vocal range of four octaves. Call the Temple Office at Tickets will also be sold at the door. Morgan I. July S Jennifer is a student at Pines Middle School. Jennifer enjoys Softball and is on the Pines Swim Team. On Saturday evening Feb. Adult Education is every Thurs- day morning and Thursday even- ing. Choir is every Wednesday at p. Daily minyan is at 8 a. Sabbath services will be Friday, Feb. Services continue Saturday morning, Feb. Sunday morning at a.
Marc is a student at Nova Middle School. Marc enjoys fishing, baseball card collection, exotic car picture collection and is a Dolphin fanatic. Sunday afternoon at noon-2 p. Camp Chai will have a Bar-B- Que reunion and pre-registration for our summer program. For more information please call the Temple office. Rabbi Samuel A. Rothberg will speak: "Take Two Tablets. Saturday morning, Feb. Rothberg in the Chapel at a.
There will be a special deluxe breakfast starting at a. If you have not already made advance reser- vations, you may pay at the door. Morton L. Kemper, past president of the National Federa- tion of Temple Brotherhoods and a past Chancellor of the Jewish Chautauqua Society, will be the guest speaker. Memberships in JCS are not limited to males or only to members of Temple Beth El, but may be made in the name of wives, husbands, children, grand- children, or friends.
It is truly a wonderful way to honor a loved one. For further information on becoming a Chautauqua Society member, please call the Temple at On Monday, Feb. All members are welcome Tuesday, Feb. Samuel Z. It will be a two-week, all- inclusive and fully escorted tour with 3 nights in Tel Aviv, a one night experience in a Kibbutz, 2 nights in Tiberias, 2 nights at the Dead Sea with therapeutic health bathing and 5 nights in Jerusalem.
All hotels are deluxe accom- modations, with breakfast and dinner daily. There will be 3 lun- ches and 3 evenings out, including an Israeli night club and the Sound and Light Show. In addi- tion to the regular itinerary of all the historic and important modern sights throughout the country, there will be special events which have always made our Congrega- tional trips so unique and worthwhile. For further information, please call Evelyn at the Temple office or On Wednesday, Feb. The public is invited. Morton Malav- sky, rabbi, assisted by Cantor Irv- ing Gold, chanting the liturgical protions.
Service wil begin at p. All members and guests are cordially invited to worship. Weekday services are held in the Jack Shapiro Chapel at a. For mincha maariv service schedule, please call Rabbi Alber- to Cohen, Sisterhood of Temple Beth Shalom will hold their general meeting and program at p. Services will be conducted by Dr. Malavsky, assisted by Cantor Gold, in the main sanctuary at 6 p. Please call Temple office, , Sylvia S. Senick, ex- ecutive secretary, for membership information. Available informa- tion covers seasonals, singles and families.
Yearly membership in- cludes High Holy Day tickets. Donations are tax deductible. Call for more information, Ron Cahn, Hallandale Beach Blvd. Daily services a. Friday evening, p. Nursery school Monday through Friday. Rabbi Edward Davis. Daily services. Rabbi Carl Klein. Temple Beth Shalom N. Rabbi Morton Malavsky. The audit was prepared by the Research Department of ADL's Civil Rights Division from data gathered through the monitoring activities of the agency's 30 regional offices around the country.
Perlmutter pointed out that the new findings reflect a general five-year downward trend, inter- rupted by a small increase in He called the current satistics "encouraging" and said they were most likely the result of stricter legislation, vigorous law enforce- ment and increased educational programs. He added, however, that while the audit is "a useful yardstick for measuring one aspect of anti- Jewish hostility in the United States, there are other manifesta- tions of anti-Semitism.
Ten of its members were convicted by a Federal Court in Seattle in December 11 others had earlier pleaded guilty for crimes commit- ted in , including the murder of Alan Berg, a Jewish talk-show host in Denver, and a synagogue bombing in Idaho. The activities of such other organized right-wing anti-Jewish hate groups as the Ku Klux Klan, the Posse Comitatus and the Iden- tity Church which pose continuing dangers despite declining membership. The WJC also reported tfiat at its request, the Polish government will intervene with church of- ficials regarding their plan.
Belgian Jews first learned of the convent proposal when fund-raising efforts for its building were organized by a group called "Help to the Church in Distress," which works for the Roman Catholic Church in Communist countries. According to the Brussels evening newspaper Le Soir, eight Carmelite monks have been living in Auschwitz since Last May, in preparation for the erection of a convent there. The newspaper reports that the convent would symbolize: "Love, peace and reconciliation, witnessing the victorious power of the cross of Jewsus. It will become a spiritual fortress, and the proof of the conversion of apostates and those who went astray in various countries.
Bronfman advised Poland's Minister of Religious Affairs Adam Lopatka of the categorical Jewish opposition to the proposed convent and received Lopatka's assurances that he would intervene with Polish Catholic officials. In Geneva, the president of the International Council of Jewish Women, Leila Siegel, has written to Sister Sheila Sedawie of the Sisters of Zion asking that the placement of a convent in Auschwitz be prevented: "We feel this way not only because of the martyrdom of millions of Jewish children, women and men," Seigel wrote, "but also because their martyrdom was shared by millions of human beings having various beliefs and creeds.
Were this to happen, the action, however laudible in its aims, would create much misunderstanding and resentment. Paga15 JCC News Paga 12 Super Sunday Call Paga 15 Kirkpatrick Wins Awar It all began last September, when a Jewish woman in subur- ban Mequon, Wise. The Act mandates that a public secondary school must either per- mit all noncurriculum-related stu- dent groups including religious ones to meet in the school dur- ing "noncurricular time" and under certain conditions, or pro- hibit all such meetings.
The group, Christians in Action CIA , claims a membership of students with a faculty ad- viser. It has met weekly since September, to study the New Testament and hear Chris- tian music and guest speakers. It will continue to meet as long as it adheres to the interpretation to Equal Access agreed to verbally last month by the Milwaukee Jewish Council and the Mequon- Thiensville School District presi- dent, David Hase. This agreement followed a series of meetings involving school administrators, Council of- ficials, group adviser Jerre Allen, and the woman who complained.
The interpretation agreed to, ac- cording to Mark Kohlenberg of the Council, is: That the group no longer be listed in the school's yearbook. The listing implies group affilia- tion with the school. Hase said the listing in last year's yearbook "slipped through the cracks. Again, this im- plies affiliation with the school. The school principal, Dr. John Box, said he has in- structed the advisers of both publications to omit information about the CIA. That the faculty adviser serve only in a custodial role.
Adviser Allen said that he only watches student activities because "the school wants an adult present at every club activity" and that the students asked him to do so. Ac- cording to Box and Hase, Allen now understands his role. That outside speakers not be used regularly, nor proselytize. Hase said it would be safest not to invite outside speakers at all.
Box said none would be invited. Allen said he agreed only that clerics would not be invited. That no retribution, formal or informal, be made against the woman who complained or her family. Allen said the students "feel very strongly about staying within the law. In the absence of hard evidence that he is dead, his family continues to maintain that he might still be alive in the Soviet Union, aged It has also hinted that it is ready to rehabilitate a national monu- ment to Wallenberg erected in Hunearv after the war, at a time C.
Increases By 1. It was the lowest December C. Although it was slightly higher than the 1 percent hoped for and forecast by Finance Minister Yit- zhak Modai, he hailed it as an in- dication of the success of the economic package deal which has kept down prices and wage in- creases and lowered the annual in- flation rate last year to some percent far below the nearly percent in recent years. April 23 Depart Sun April 27 5 day! April 23 Depart Fri. SACH " During the five months since the package deal was introduced, costs have risen by some 14 per- cent an annual inflation rate of 37 percent.
Energy Minister Moshe Shahal recently announced that the cost of electricity and fuel oil for in- dustry would be reduced by 3 per- cent for electric power and 5 per- cent for the heavy oil. But Modai responded by saying he would not append what he termed his statutory signature to the price reduction order as it had been decided on by Shahal, sitting alone as the Ministerial Price Committee. Shahal retorted that his order was legal as he had sum- moned the meeting at a time con- venient to Modai and the others, and he was not responsible if they did not show up in time.
The foot-high statue, by sculptor Pal Patzay, was commis- sioned by Jewish bankers, in gratitude to their young Swedish savior. It depicted a man wrestl- ing with a snake. A medallion of Wallenberg's profile and an in- scription in his honor were fixed to its plinth. It disappeared in on the night before it was to have been unveiled in Budapest, and was quietly reerected four years later at a pharmaceutical works in the town of Debrecen. Stripped of all reference to Wallenberg, it now stood as a vague symbol of man's fight against disease.
Earlier this month, however, the Hungarian Ambassador to Britain, Dr. Matyas Domokos, declared that his country honors the memory of Wallenberg and af- firmed that the anonymous statue is really a tribute to the missing Swede. His statement, in a letter on behalf of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers Party, is an acknowledgement of the widespread international interest evoked by the Wallenberg affair in recent years. It also reveals Hungary's embarrassment over the shoddy fate of Wallenberg himself in Soviet hands.
The Ambassador's letter was addressed to actress Pamela Mason, a member of the British Wallenberg Committee, who had written about the statue to the Hungarian leader Janos Kadar on the occasion of his recent official visit to Britain. At the British Wallenberg Com- mittee's request, the issue was also raised informally with senior Hungarian Communist officials by British delegates to the recent East-West cultural forum in Budapest. The Jewish Telegraphic Agency has learned that during the forum, United.
States Ambassador Walter Stoessel laid a wreath in Wallenberg's honor in the Budapest street which bears his name. Three years ago Wallenberg was named an honorary U. Budapest's Wallenberg Street, in the area where many Jews were saved by the Swedes, was given its name immediately after the liberation of the city from the Nazis. Unlike the statue with Wallenberg, the street was left intact. The first sign of Hungary's of- ficial uneasiness about the fate of the statue appeared two years ago in a lengthy article in the official Hungarian magazine, Historika, by Janos Poto.
It recounted the origin of the statue, and how it disappeared from Budapest's Saint Stephens Park. Without delving into the fate of Wallenberg himself, the author noted caustically that "the same thing happened to the statue as to its inspirer it disappeared. Poto disclosed, too, that two more copies of the monument later appeared in other places - outside a Budapest clinic and in faraway Indonesia in both cases without any clue to the sculptor's original purpose.
Howard Barron, campaign chairman. From left, Dr. From left. Sen Movni an sneaks with Hniivwmui vs. Moynihan, Dr. From left, Abe and Gertrude Levine, Sen. Moynihan, Janet and Jack Malamud. From left seated are Bernard and Olga Goldberger, who recently celebrated their 65th wedding anniversary. From left standing, Mina and George Finkelstein.
Moynihan speaks with Dr. Jerusalem Analysis Soviet Jewry's Future By Charles Levine and Judy Siegel As children born after Hitler's reign of terror, we all once asked our parents who watched it from the safety of America what they had done to prevent the death of six million Jews. As adults, living in Israel, we may someday be asked by our children: "What did you do to prevent the disolution of the two-and-a-half-million member Jewish community of the Soviet Union?
They seem fated nonetheless to disappearance through intermarriage and assimilation, through no fault of their own. They have been without synagogues, rabbis, Jewish schools and rituals for so long that it is a wonder that a small but growing number are awakening to the Jewishness that they were systematically blocked from for two generations.
We hope it doesn't happen. We pray that the hundreds of thousands of Russian Jews who want to come to Israel will finally be allowed to leave. But praying and hoping are not enough not enough to serve as an answer to our children who may one day pose that awesome question. We, in Israel and throughout the Diaspora, must demonstrate, write letters to powerful people, speak out, correspond with those caged Jews, send through all possible channels Hebrew and Jewish books and ritual articles.
We must not be silent. Both in Israel and the Diaspora, we have grown weary of the cause of Soviet Jewry. Emigration has gone downhill since the apex in , when tens of thousands were let out. Now Jews are allowed to leave in dribs and drabs, a few dozens a month at most. The "dropping out" of nearly , Russian Jews clutching Israeli-issued visas in their hands but with their sights set on the good ol' "capitalist paradise" in America have not helped the cause.
The Soviets have long been well aware of this phenomenon and use the "dropouts" to claim that Soviet Jews are "lying" and never intended to be reunited with their brethren in their homeland Israel. With good intentions at least at first, organizations like the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society offered "free choice" to Soviet Jewish emigrants, reaching out with tickets to America and money and gifts even real American-style Jewish weddings.
The trickle soon gushed, as Jews who had begun to believe Soviet anti-Zionist propaganda decided to become "refugees" despite the Israel that beckoned them. The decided to "try out America first. HIAS, underwritten for each person by the U. Meanwhile, some , Russian Jews the most Zionist and Jewishly motivated core did in fact settle in Israel and have by now become an inseparable part of our society and culture, precisely what Israel needs.
They have brought scientific and technical know-how, human resources and a cultural richness. Most of them seem to be happy; they earn better than the average Israeli wage and could afford to emigrate to America if they so desired. Yet they choose to stay here, and their children are grow- ing up as Jews. Will their cousins born now and in future genera- tions in America be able to make that claim? The new Communist savior has cut emigration even below the limits set by predecessors.
Still he has permitted a few "big names" to go, like Yitzhak Shkolnik, separated from his wife who preceded him to Israel in , and Mark Nashpitz whose release was announced in September. Sym- bols without the substance to back them up. The Russian authorities apparently hope that these headline releases will create the illusion that Soviet Jews are free to go and that America need pay no heed to contrary claims. They want U. Neither President Reagan nor the American Jewish community should be taken in by this ploy. The Jews are in danger, and there is no one to save them but us.
Of South Broward Publication No. Fort Laudefdale.
FL Phone Abraham 8. Fla 3. Box , Miami, Fla. MO Ellie Katz. The naive among us might assume that countries like Jordan and Saudi Arabia suppos- ed U. But that won't hap- pen. This time, as so often in the past, the Arab world stands almost as one in support of extremism. The evidence is all around us. Arab League foreign ministers meeting in Tunisia condemned America's tough line toward Libya and unanimously went on record in support of Khadafy.
In Jordan, the government-controlled newspaper Al Dustur denounced "possible U. Saudi radio "absolutely rejected" the U. A statement on Jan. In- stead it blamed the United States for providing "U. Yasir Arafat said on Jan.
All Views Articles
Syria, which is allied with Libya and Abu Nidal, vehemently supports the Libyan. And so do the Soviets, who are Khadafy's arms suppliers. But it is the reaction of those deemed moderate that is most instructive. And to a certain ex- tent they are. But look at how quickly that modera- tion and pro-Western orientation disappears when the United States considers taking action against a terrorist-backing Arab regime.
In the final analysis, pan-Arab considerations take precedence over any supposed commonality of interests with the United States and the West. Blood is thicker than water. Israel has to take that into consideration when it contemplates trading territory for a peace ar- rangement with Jordan. After all, Jerusalem has to wonder if Jordan could ever resist the siren call to join Syria and even Syria's enemy, Iraq, in a war against Israel.
An Arab world which will bury any number of hatchets and close ranks behind the likes of Khadafy could obviously do the same as it has time and time again in a war against Israel. This is something that the United States must bear in mind as Washington considers new arms sales for the Saudis and the Jordanians. Alan Cranston D-Calif. Any friend of Khadafy's is no friend of ours. Or of peace either. The above editorial appeared in the Jan. IS edi- tion of Near East Report.
Israel's Obligations By M. And the media is not alone. There are hints from Washington and from foreign governments as well that this time it would be okay for Israel to strike back. It is all rather ironic. Can anyone recall an Israeli strike against terrorists that was not condemned by foreign govern- ments and the world media? On many occasions even the United States has joined the chorus say- ing that Israel's retaliation was "disproportionate" and would on- ly add to the "cycle of violence. So far Israel isn't buying. This doesn't mean that it has abandon- ed its anti-terrorist policy.
It hasn't and. But it will do so at a time and place of its choosing. It is cer- tainly not going to do anything to take the Europeans off the hook. The airport massacres took place in Europe. Most of the people kill- ed in them were Europeans or Americans. Retaliation for them is certainly not Israel's sole responsibility not by a long shot. Do you think we need to be fighting with him all over Europe now? The Americans are hesitant, so we are the ones'- who are invited to go after him. And it will fight the terrorists who are determined to wipe Israel off the face of the earth.
It will also join in any multinational effort to fight the terrorists. But it will not go into battle as a proxy for countries that are far larger and far more powerful. There is a point where major powers have to defend their own interests and not rely on the military capacity and sheer guts of a country the size of Maryland. Until they do, the reign of terror will continue. Various political campaigns have used the phrase "now more than ever" in urging votes for this or that candidate.
It's a good phrase and one that applies to visiting Israel now. It is clearly no accident that re- cent terrorist actions have taken place at airports. The PLO and its allies want to scare Americans out of travelling abroad and they cer- tainly want tourists to think twice about going to Israel. Those are goals which all of us can help thwart.
There is no reason not to visit Israel. It is the one country in the world that has an effective anti- terrorist policy, one that is fur- thered by a population that has learned how an alert citizenry can deter attacks. Israel's airline El Al, is as 60 Minutes recently pointed out the world's most secure airline. In short, there is little risk in travelling to Israel. And there are many good reasons for visiting Israel.
Prime among them has to be the sense of assurance that actually being in Jerusalem and Tel Avjv, conveys. The country 'js' the,re! It is alive and vigorous,. And if is undaunted by terrorists and their threats. But Israel, the country, is all too easily lost amidst the bad news about terror HtUu-ks, HAM missile emplacements, and a ''peace pro- cess" that seems to be going nowhere.
There is only one way to find it. And that is by going there. Now more than ever. The above column appeared in the Jan. IS issue of Near East Report. The continuing anti-Semitic rhetoric in the United Nations by Saudi, Libyan, Jordanian and other Arab delegates, 10 years after the passage of the resolution equating Zionism with racism. According to the audit, New York and California were again the states with the most van- dalism incidents; New York had as opposed to in ; California had 85 as opposed to 99 the previous year.
New Jersey succeeded Maryland as the third highest on the list and was one of the few states with an increase, 74 as against The other leading states were Florida with 47, down 4; Maryland, 38, down 31; Penn- sylvania, 31, up 3; Illinois 23, up 4; Massachusetts, 22, up 2; Michigan 14, up 7; Virginia 14, up 5; Con- necticut, 12, up 7; and Minnesota, 11, down 4. The remaining 22 states and the District of Colum- bia each reported fewer than 9 incidents. Across the country, 78 persons were arrested in connection with 48 incidents in In , there were 84 arrests in connec- tion with 51 incidents.
The ADL noted that the overwhelming ma- jority of those arrested continued ty be ypung people no older than 20 years of atre. By Lis Harris. Reviewed by Samuel Heilman According to the brief note at the back of this slim but elegant and in many ways touching book, Lis Harris is identified as a staff writer for The New Yorker, living in New York City with her hus- band and two sons. But in the preceding pages, most of which appeared first as a series of ar- ticles in the magazine where she works, Harris presents herself as well as something of a Jewish seeker, a woman fascinated by but largely ignorant about Hasidim, that exotic looking group of out- siders who, although living in their own insulated communities, have become a ubiquitous feature of Jewish existence for over a century.
Harris says she was stimulated in her quest to pursue the Hasidim by an experience as a child of fin- ding a picture of what must have looked like a Hasid in a box of old family photos and after asking her mother who it was learning that it was "nobody in our family. Underneath its docu- dramatic approach, this book describes hef continuing search for an attachment to that picture and to the Hasid she saw in it. Of all the many sects of Hasidim, Harris finds that those who call themselves Chabad or Lubavitch Hasidim, and in par- ticular a family in which the female head was a newcomer to the Hasidic way of life, are willing to accept her inquiries and presence.
And so for several years we never really learn exactly how many or how often she spends time with them, discovering that beneath the exotic front is a world of meaning, a Jewish life infused with spirit and practical orthodoxies. To her credit, Harris gets into some of what she observes. She is not the cold observer but one in touch who lets herself try a varie- ty of experiences, including a par- ticularly striking one in which she, like other Orthodox Jewish mar- ried women, immerses herself in the mikveh or ritual bath.
Her sen- sitive yet objective account of that experience is certainly one of the book's high points, and perhaps more than anything else makes reading this book a memorable ex- perience. No one else has so cap- tured the experience of this an- cient ritual in modern terms. And yet while in all this there is a finely textured and engrossing book, it leaves some questions tan- talizingly unanswered. Harris makes us understand that she moved between her world in Manhattan and the Jewish universe in Brooklyn.
But that kind of transition, which she did again and again, could not have been without strain. What about that husband and family she left behind at times? We hear about them only in passing; how did they react to all this? And what kept Harris going back again and again? Why did she stop in the end? To be sure this is supposed to be a book about the Hasidim, but because Harris has so involved herself in their lives, she cannot simply disappear back into the ca- nyons of Manhattan without so much as a word, leaving behind the world of the Hasidim "beam- ing" at her. Finally, while this book reveals a great deal about Lubavitch Hasidim, it seems to skirt the question of its continuity.
Harris tells us the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the sect's leader, has no children or heirs. Some followers note that we are in a messianic age, and those in the know point out that when the Rebbe ends his addresses to his followers with the obligatory prayer that "the Messiah, may he come speedily in our time," he adds the Hebrew letters "mem" "mem" and "shin" may also be understood as an acronyn, the in- itials of "Menachem Mendel Schneerson.
It sits about 50 miles north of Eilat. Summertime, the remorseless sunshine is purgatorial; winters, the chill is penetrating, and shuddery. We've been on a commuting basis with this gallant community, my wife Florie and I. Our familys's there. Lloyd and Erica, and their paragon of a girl-child, Chava, whose second birthday we recently celebrated there.
They are youthful emigre's from mainly the U. Aided by a transient comple- ment of visiting volunteers, YAHEL husbands a herd of cows milked thrice daily The fruit and flowers are targeted, largely, for export to Europe.. YAHEL conducts week-long desert tours for their hundreds of young visitors. Under the eye- opening tutelage of its expert guides, the desert's surface bleakness is transformed into high evolutionary drama.
The fairly rugged itineraries are broken up with visits to fascinating locales like legendary King Solomon's mines, and the Hai-Bar Zoological Park, where time has been turned back. Hai-Bar's expanse has been painstakingly stocked with most of the creatures described in the Bible. Here, they feed, breed, and roam freely, the better to see, and be seen. The Kibbutz's self-services in- volve the kitchen and dining facilities, the medical and dental clinics, the library, the nursery, the laundry, the motor pool, equipment repair and maintenance, a general store, a supervised Olympic-style swimm- ing pool, the children's playground, the community center, the seminar center, ex- ecutive offices, the night patrols, air-raid shelters and all the etceteras.
Finally, there is the computeriz- ed system which controls the ir- rigation network, the commissary, and the financial management and bookeeping departments. One is tempted to the conclusion that Yahelniks must be slaving away, even as did our ancient ancestors in Pharaonic Egypt. Well, slave they may, but flayed they ain't.
One is unaware of overseers or orders. Discipline seems self-imposed. And the labor seems to get done with a palpably satisfying sense of achievement. The work-week routines come to an abrupt end all but vital ser- vices mid-afternoons Friday. Kib- butzniks drift back, then, from their respective jobs. The men mostly unshaven, the men and women both looking weather- beaten and a bit wilted.
Before twilight, they reemerge from their abodes, immaculately dress- ed, pressed and glowing. Some head for the Erev Shab- bat services. No platform, pulpit, or dais The con- gregants themselves take seem- ingly random turns in leading the recitals of prayers and the chan- ting of hymns. The voices are earnest, and unexpectedly tuneful; the atmosphere devout.
Even this committed agnostic finds the religious aura affecting. Then, everybody converges in the dining hall, likewise scrubbed and shining for the Sabbath. On this night, cafeteria is out din- ing is in. Formica table-tops are now linen-laden, and bear loaves of freshly baked hallah and sacramental wine.
A traditional shabbat dinner is served, family style, with pauses for the "brachot. Dan Hachen, a multi-talented professional folk dancer, leads them in an ecstatic whirl through the increasingly in- tricate dance patterns, in the glowing light of a luminous, and surely quizzical moon.. These flushed dancers have made the desert bloom. The desert is not readily tamed. Throughout recorded history, where the sands en- croach, starvation follows, and civilization die.
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Save for Israel, where the sterile sands have been forced to yield high-quality crops. Israel showed the world the miracle of drip irrigation. How to water and fertilize sand-sown plants with mere droplets of HsO and fer- tilizer. And how to fight the im- placable desert for its caches of water and win.
Wells were drilled down in- to the earth's crust for meter after discouraging meter of nu- bian sandstone. The oil rigs re- quired for the purpose had to penetrate to a depth of a whole kilometer before the desert ceded its secret waters. It turned into a pyrrhic victory.. The water liquified the sand- Stone. The freed sand collapsed the bores, and clogged the filters, putting intolerable strains on the pumps.
Then, a startlingly high proportion of pure iron in the water without precedent in Israel recrystallixed the sand. TAHAL engineers designed systems for treating the iron-saturated water with permanganates, and for aerating and the oxydizing now separated metal. Then they designed a plant for the specific purpose of filtering out the rusts, and the sands the Negev's total annual rainfall is a mere one-and- a-half inches. Alas, however, in the modern world, thriving agriculture rarely makes for a successful economy. Production coats are too high; competition, too fierce; profit margins too low.
Yahet finds itself, after all the struggle and all the victories, in the same economic bind as do most farming communities everywhere. There's no OPEC for oranges. YAHEL requires some sup- plementing industry to make it. Nothing grandiose.