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Columbia, S. Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video. You can view this on the NLA website. Login Register. Advanced search Search history. Browse titles authors subjects uniform titles series callnumbers dewey numbers starting from optional. See what's been added to the collection in the current 1 2 3 4 5 6 weeks months years. Recent searches Clear All. Update Location. If you want NextDay, we can save the other items for later. Yes—Save my other items for later.
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Under Hayes, Reconstruction was ended. During his tenure, he emphasized national unity and played a quiet too quiet to some role as reformer and conciliator. His wife Lucy, a staunch prohibitionist, was nicknamed "Lemonade Lucy, " and no liquor was served at the White House. Many believed that his political record was a disaster and as the election year approached, even his party seemed to abandon him.
Politics at the periphery : third parties in two-party America
He had earlier declared himself a one-term president, ultimately saving himself the embarrassment of not getting re-nominated. It took the Republicans thirty-six ballots to arrive at a nominee. The nomination of "dark horse" candidate James A. Garfield, another Civil War hero, finally broke the impasse. Democrats, still seething over the loss of the presidency in , nominated former Civil War general Winfield S. He appealed to veterans and was popular in the South, where he had fair mindedly directed one of the military Reconstruction districts.
In their platforms, both major parties equivocated on the currency question and tepidly endorsed civil service reform, while supporting generous pensions for Civil War veterans on the Union side - not for Confederates and the exclusion of Chinese immigrants. Both parties ignored the growing problems of debt-burdened farmers and powerless laborers. The Republicans called for protective tariffs; the Democrats for tariffs "for revenue only.
During the campaign, the Republicans waved the "bloody shirt" of the Civil War one more time and quite possibly purchased their narrow but crucial victory in Indiana. Garfield won a narrow popular vote, getting only around 39, more popular votes than Hancock. His presidency was short-lived, though. Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed and mentally ill office-seeker, shot Garfield in the back in a Washington railroad station.
Garfield lay in agony for eleven weeks and died on September 19, Chester Arthur took over as president and surprised his fellow politicians - and the American public - by instituting the first serious civil service reforms.
A Democrat was victorious for the first time in twenty-eight years, and the campaign was perhaps the worst mudslinging, frenzied but meaningless battle ever fought for the presidency. As Henry Adams said, "Everyone takes part. We are all doing our best, and swearing like demons.
But the amusing thing is that no one talks about real issues. Dissent ruled the Republican party.
They split into three factions; dissident reformers called Mugwumps, who were opposed to party and government graft; Stalwarts, supporters of Ulysses S. Grant who had fought civil service reform; and Half-Breeds, moderate reformers and high-tariff men loyal to the party. At the time of the convention, in June , most felt Chester Arthur had little to show for his nearly three years in office, and although he wanted to run again, the Republicans nominated James G.
Blaine of Maine on the fourth ballot.
Blaine, a charismatic figure and former secretary of state and Maine congressman, was popular for his protectionist stance in tariff issues, but of questionable honesty. His running mate was John A. Logan, a Stalwart and one of his opponents at the Convention. Their relationship was notably cool during the campaign. The Democrats nominated Grover Cleveland of New York, who only four years earlier, had been a relatively unknown lawyer in Buffalo.
By , he had earned a reputation for honesty and courage and for what would be called moderation today, "sound conservatism" then. His running mate was Senator Thomas Hendricks of Indiana.
Politics at the Periphery: Third Parties in Two-Party America - Semantic Scholar
Maria Halpin, years ago in Buffalo. The Republicans quickly took up the chant, " Ma! His enemies published the famous "Mulligan letters," supposedly written by Blaine to a Boston railroad executive Warren Fisher and linking the powerful politician to a corrupt deal involving federal favors to a southern railroad. At least one damning letter ended with the words, " Burn this letter. The contest hinged on the New York vote, which may have gone in the other direction except for a last-minute blunder on the Blaine side. A thoughtless Republican clergyman.
Blaine, who was present at the speech, and the son of a Catholic mother, lacked the immediate awareness to repudiate the statement then and there, and New York went to the Democrats in the election. The tally in popular votes was 4,, to 4,, and in electoral votes to The Prohibition party garnered about , votes, 25, of them from New York. The Greenback-Labor party candidate, Benjamin F. Butler, got , votes.
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Grover Cleveland, President Thomas A. Hendricks of Indiana , Vice President E. Lamar, Secretary of the Interior William C. Endicott, Secretary of War Augustus H. Garland, Attorney General Morrison R. Waite, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Calhoun, Charles W. Wilmington, Del. See especially Chapters 9, 10 and Garraty, John A. The New Commonwealth, New York: Harper and Row, Jensen, Richard J.
Includes information on late s and early s.
Pdf Politics At The Periphery: Third Parties In Two Party America
Keller, Morton. Cambridge, Mass. McCormick, Richard L. Public Life in Industrial America, Silbey, Joel H. The American Political Nation, Stanford, Calif. Kleppner, Paul. New York, Free Press, Gillespie, J. Columbia, S. Haas, Garland A. Jefferson, N. Rosenstone, Steven J, Roy L. Behr and Edward H. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Hoogenboom, Ari A. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, McMath, Robert C. American Populism: A Social History, New York, Hill and Wang, Sanders, Elizabeth.
Chicago, University of Chicago Press, Chapter 4, Farmers and Politics Weibe, Robert. The Search for Order, New York: Hill and Wang, Weinstein, Allen.