If that happens, add a little extra bedding material to dry things out and the flies will usually disappear within a week or so.
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You can also control them with a fruit fly trap. When your bin begins to fill up with finished compost, it's time to remove that material and make room for more composting action. The challenge is to separate the worms from the finished compost. There are two ways to do this. The first is to dump the material onto a tarp or sheet of plastic and pick out the worms, putting them back into the bin. The second option is to simply remove the lid and expose the finished compost to light and air.
Since the worms will want to seek out darkness and moisture, you just need to provide a way for them to burrow down or across into a more desirable area. Over the course of a week or so, you'll be able to gradually remove the finished compost, picking out any confused worms and throwing them back. Finished worm compost can be stored in a plastic bag or tub. Use it to top-dress indoor or outdoor plants, blend it into potting soil or transplanting mix, or use it to make compost tea.
It also makes a great gift for an avid gardener. Cart 0 items in cart.
Why Compost With Worms?
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Worm Composting Worms Eat Your Trash
Share this Article:. Advice Soil and Compost Worm Composting. A worm composter transforms vegetable scraps into valuable fertilizer. When rehydrated, this coir brick expands to about 10 dry quarts of worm bedding. Worm Castings are RICH: Top dress any of your indoor or outdoor plants with some finished worm compost and watch what happens. You'll get better results than with any commercial fertilizer.
Worm Composting Basics for Beginners
Are Your Worms Fleeing the Bin? There can be a few things happening in the bin to cause the worms to try to escape. Worms can suffocate if the paper is too wet or compacted.
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If that's the case, remove part of the bedding and replace it with fresh, dry material like shredded paper, leaves or coir. Don't smother them with bedding. Place your worms on top of the dry material and let them dig their own tunnels for oxygen. If there is alot of undigested food in there, they may be getting too many kitchen scraps.
If you're producing more vegetable waste than they can handle, you can store some of it in the freezer or have an outside compost pile going as well if that is an option. People who read this article often purchase. Worm Farm Composter. Composting Worms. Soil Power Organic Earthworm Castings. All About Composting. Instead, keep your worm farm working with red worms, also called red wigglers or tiger worms. Making a comfortable place for the worms is an easy enough proposition.
Plenty of worm bins are on the market, but building one takes only six pieces of plywood, a hammer and some nails.
Make a box by attaching sides and bottom, but leave the top board loose so you can open and close the bin. The size of the box depends on the amount of food waste you add during a week. A good rule of thumb is a square foot of box per pound of waste a week, according to Steele. A 2-byfoot box with a to inch depth is a good place to start. In this case, drill holes in the bottom of the first bin so liquid resulting from the vermicomposting process can drip down. The liquid can be mixed with water and applied around plants.
For bedding, newsprint is a cheap and easy option, but only use the black-and-white sections.
Fluff it up and then fill the bottom quarter of the box. Add worms and cover them with a layer two to three times as thick as the bottom layer. Lay down more bedding when it is reduced by half, about every month or two depending on the size of the bin and how much food is provided. Steele recommends about 1, worms for that size box, but even a quarter of that amount will work. The size of the box and amount of food will keep them in check. Red worms are available at places that sell fish bait and online from outfits that supply vermicomposting equipment. Again, be sure to get red worms, not night crawlers.
Worm composting: a beginner's guide
To feed the worms, just pull back a bit of bedding, put in some kitchen or vegetable garden waste and cover it up. As they digest the food, it passes through and comes out as castings or, to be more precise, worm manure. Feed the worms vegetable and fruit scraps, banana peels, coffee grounds and filters, tea bags, crushed egg shells and corn cobs. Be conservative with citrus peels, onions and garlic.
Worms go through softer things quicker. Break it into two and there may be 50 worms inside. Eventually, it will disappear.