Gratian's widow Justina was persecuted by anti-Arian bishop Ambrose of Milan Returned to Constantinople after defeat of Maximus. Defeats usurper Eugenius and Arbogastes His mother seeks refuge for them from Maximus with Theodosius. Resumed throne of Italy. Assassinated by the Frank named Arbogastes. Usurper Eugenius assumes purple but is slain by Theodosius' soldiers and Arbogastes kills himself. Arcadius E Final end of Roman imperial unity. Son of Theodosius the Great. Called Emperor of the Romans despite geography. Dominated by Theodosius' prefect Rufinus, later by the eunuch Eutropius.
Harsh laws. Alaric the Goth conquers Greece , is made master general of E. Illyricum and King of the Visigoths see Honorius. Archbishop John Chrysostom opposed by Empress Eudocia, expelled. Honorius W Final end of Roman imperial unity. Son of Theodosius the Great, brother of Arcadius. Honorius marries Stilicho's daughter but slumbers away his life a captive in the palace. Alaric invades Italy Goths defeated by Stilicho at Pollentia Honorius moves capital to Ravenna Germans invade Gaul, desolated.
British army revolts , usurper "Constantine" made emperor of Spain, Gaul, Britain later defeated and executed by General Constantius Poet Claudina flourishes. Alaric places Rome under siege first real threat since Hannibal BC , plague, another siege Rome is abandoned to the Barbarians and Attalus is made its emperor.
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Rome again besieged and sacked by Goths under Alaric, then ravages Italy. Alaric dies Treaty with Adolphus the Goth and Honorius. Adolphus invades Gaul Adolphus marries Placidia , daughter of Theodosius the Great and brother of Honorius. Revolt of Heraclian in Africa against Honorius Revolts in Spain and Gaul Invasion of Spain by Suevi and Vandals Adolphus assassinated , Wallia becomes king. The Franks in Gaul are led by the Merovingian kings beginning with Clodian Placidia persecuted, later marries general Constantius; expelled by Honorius and goes to Constantinople.
By , the Burgundians, Franks, and Goths obtain permanent grants in Gaul. Revolt of Britain leads to its independence 40 years, until Saxon invasion. Dies of dropsy. Goths Alaric rules Goths Possesses Italy - see Honorius. Adolphus , Singeric, Wallia. Ulphilas is "apostle" to the Goths , effecting their conversion. Goths, Vandals, Burgundians, etc.
Clergy became mediators. Administration dominated by his mother Placidia during his minority Unity of the two empires is dissolved entirely , all laws apply only to one or the other. His general Aetius plots to discredit general Boniface. Boniface revolts in Africa and allies with Vandals under Gonderic followed by Genseric , who arrives in Africa in The schismatic Donatists facilitate Genseric's conquest of Africa. Boniface repents too late Africa pillaged.
Augustine dies in the siege at Hippo. Boniface defeated and killed Carthage defeated Aetius abandons Pannonia to his allies, the Huns led by Rugilas. Attila reigns after Rugilas dies. He united Scythia and Germany incl. Thuringia, Scandinavia, Volga area, etc. The Ostrogoths and Gepidae allied with him, forming an army of c. Attila invades Gaul Theodoric II kills his brother Torismond and succeeds him as king of the Visigoths.
Attila invades Italy , dies of burst blood vessel , the Huns fade back to lesser Scythia and are overwhelmed by more barbarians, the Avars White Huns or Geougen. Placidia dies Aetius murdered by Val. Succeeds parents Arcadius and Eudoxia. Dominated by Anthemimus his minister and his sister Pulcheria. Marries Athenai s renamed Eudocia , daughter of philosopher Leontius.
Eudocia goes on a pilgrimage to Holy Land to gather relics; dies in disgrace. Armenia divided between Persians and Romans Thrace and Macedonia. Many are led off to captivity. The West does not help. Humiliating treaty made with numerous concessions.
Many churches built. He is slain by rocks in the street. Rome is sacked by the Genseric and the Vandals Avitus emperor then deposed. Theodoric II conquers Suevi in Spain Multiple Emperors W Ricimer de facto head despite titular emperor Severus Italy defends itself against Vandal pirates. Visigoths make conquests in Spain and Gaul Italy divides into two hostile kingdoms under Ricimer in Milan and Anthemius. Anthemius Failed expedition against Genseric and the Vandals in Africa Rome sacked by Ricimer and Anthemius killed.
Olybrius Ricimer dies He continued the laws of the emperors. Followed the Arian heresy. Acquired Dalmatia. He was of the tribe of Scyrri, allied to the Huns. Eventually suppressed by Theodoric. Euric reigned King of Gaul Merovingian Frankish Kings Clodian Clovis , son of Childeric, King of the Franks He defeats the Alemanni. Converted to Christianity Catholicism Marries Clotilda. Defeats Burgundians under Gundobald , under Sigismond.
Becomes Roman consul Final establishment of French monarchy in Gaul Kingdoms c. Some fugitive Britons settled in Armorica Brittany, in France. Britons extirpated by Saxons in Anderida. Retreated to Wales and Armorica.. Saxons : Conquered Britain. Initially invited in by Vortigern Hengist, Horsa. Bede documents the invasion of the Saxons. Repelled Huns. Theodemir 's son is Theodoric the Ostrogoth , succeeded to the throne of the Amali after father's death..
Reestablishes free communication with the Visigoths in Gaul and Spain- the Gothic sovereignty was established from Sicily to the Danube, from Belgrade to the Atlantic. He visits Rome and enacts edicts to preserve Rome's antiquities. His court was in Ravenna, subsequently in Verona. An Arian, he tolerated Catholicism initially, later persecuted them and the Jews. Murdered senators Boethius and Symmachus. Justinian E Born in Bulgaria Dacia Wife Theodora , an actress and prostitute, shared the throne, had spies, accumulated wealth, persecuted enemies. A new law revised the ancient law against marrying an actress.
The factions of the circus: greens , blues and whites and reds led to bloody riots, fires, and insurrections. Justinian favored the blues. Theodora's courage helps him to suppress the sedition of His avarice. New cathedral of St. Sophia previously destroyed by fire dedicated c.
Suppressed the School of Athens and the spirit of philosophical enquiry. Ended the succession of consuls, by which years were reckoned. Unprofitable war against Persia Reclaims Africa from the Vandals under Gelimer by the hero Belisarius , who had served in Persia. Moors are conquered Rome is won from the Goths, then besieged Italy invaded by the Franks under Theodebert , Milan destroyed.
Belisarius wins Ravenna , Vitiges captured. Belisarius' wife Antonina was born of a prostitute and companion to Theodora. Her adulteries with Theodosius. She persecutes and has her son Photius killed. Nushirvan Chosroes i nvades Syria , defended against by Belisarius. Colchian war Ethiopians ally with Justinian Goths in Italy revolt Belisarius fails to regain Italy, Rome taken by Goths under Totila The eunuch Narses conquers the Goths in Rome.
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Franks and Alemanni invade Italy , defeated by Narses , who becomes Exarch. Invasion of Bulgarians repelled by Belisarius , who dies in disgrace in Disasters: comets of , , earthquakes , , bubonic plague appears in Egypt and spreads widely. The Novels and the Edicts.
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The Greek language displaces Latin in the East except in government , though they are still called "Romans".. Then his son, Hormouz Hormisdas deposed. His son Chosroes II Maurice allies with Chosroes II. Maurice's war against the Avars led by Baian Maurice and his entire family executed after a revolt , Phocas becomes emperor Lombards "Long-beards" from Scandinavia.
Mentioned in Elbe area in time of Augustus and Trajan. Entered Noricum and Pannonia with consent of Justinian. Under Alboin and allied with the Avars , defeat the Gepidae taking Rosamund daughter of Cunimund as his captured wife , Avars under Baian occupy Walachia, Moldavia, Transylvania, and parts of Hungary.
Alboin conquers Italy against Narses, makes Pavia his capital, is slain by his wife's conspirators Clepho made king Autharis , battles the Franks led by Childebert, great grandson of Clovis. Bulgarians and Sclavonians c. First kingdom Simeon king Besieged Constantinople. In plains of Russia, Lithuania, and Poland. Turks and Hungarians c. Related to Finns and Laplanders. Horsemen, brutal. First established in Pannonia Hungary. Mixed with Scythians and Sclavonians. Then Yezdegerd - slain by Turks Multiple E Phocas , illiterate, a "monster", massacre of Maurice, his sons, his wife empress Constantina , and his daughters executed.
Early life of Mahomet Mohammed in Arabia Phocas murdered Then Heraclius emperor His expeditions against the Persians Avars and Persians repulsed from siege of Constantinople after Heraclius allies with the Turks Chozars. His wife Eudocia, then Martina. Mahomet 's Hegira and holy wars against Jews and infidels, conquers Mecca and Arabia , invades Palestine , dies The exceptions are Bulgaria and Romania, which combine an increase in the death-rate with an important decrease in the birth-rate.
Consequently, population trends are negative in the Balkans — as they are in other post-socialist countries. Comparatively, the Balkans are doing relatively well in this respect. One should immediately add that, within present institutional arrangements, household work is not included in this definition. And even with the young it does not seem to be easy: not only does the natality-rate generally decline — one should also pay attention to the accelerated integration of the adolescent age-groups into the ways of the adult society: educational systems are increasingly competitive and selective, and more and more functional to the reproduction of social classes.
High percentage of secondary-school-age children not enrolled in school is not a promising indicator cf. What remains as mechanism of social cohesion? The dominant modern form of exchange — the generalized commodity exchange. Five hundred years since the capitalist mode ascended to domination, one should not be surprised. Or should one? It would seem then that the Balkans are caught, together with all the mankind, within contemporary global processes, in the form these processes take in peripheral and semi-peripheral regions of the world-system, of which the Balkans region is only one among the many.
Its basic effect is everywhere the same: it normalizes the processes which I have sketched. In this respect, those who in Europe, disagree with Bourdieu and agree with the Balkan-Orientalist ideology, actually only honour a specific tradition of modern Europe. Not the discredited tradition of Orientalism, though — but the honourable tradition of the modern democratic constitution by social contract.
Since democratic culture can only be achieved through centuries-long practice of democratic institutions, the enterprise is trapped in a vicious circle. The problem is not new in Europe, and has been developed, precisely as a question of civilisation and culture:. For an emergent people to taste the healthy principles of the politics and to follow the basic rules of the reason of the state, it would be necessary that the effect could become the cause, that the social spirit which must be the work of institution would precede the institution itself, and that humans be before the laws what they must become by them.
Translation mine. The vicious circle has to be broken from the outside.
Rousseau invented a supplementary function which sets the process of political institution-cultivation in motion by an external intervention. This function is performed by le Legislateur , the Legislator. The people examines the laws, and finds them good, and, in its capacity of the Sovereign, adopts them by its free will.
It is in this process of examination, assessment and adoption of the law that the people cultivates itself, and becomes a political nation. While analysts agree that the world system is in crisis, their interpretations diverge. Immanuel Wallerstein holds that this is the final crisis of capitalism.
In the future, Giraud expects the countries with low wages and high technological capacity India, China, South East Asia, Eastern Europe increasingly to catch-up with the present rich, while internal differences in the rich countries will irresistibly start to grow again. Every cycle is marked by the hegemony of the world-power which is capable of establishing an alliance between the state and the capital. The cycle which is presently approaching its end was dominated by the US hegemony.
The United States still have political and military supremacy, whilst the available capital has moved to East Asia. If the state and the capital, although dislocated, establish their alliance again, a new capitalist cycle is likely to begin. If this does not happen, then capitalism will come to its end. The new system will either be an empire without market, or a market without an empire. These are some possible scenarios if the dominating logic of the present extends into the future.
At present, this logic is basically circular and still reproductive of the existing relations of domination. It establishes an ideal synthesis of savoir-pouvoir , of power and knowledge. Unaware of the developing rebellion and the Word Bearers' true role and allegiance, Primarch Roboute Guilliman and his Ultramarines are unprepared for the underhand invasion: it is total, bloody war, with ritualistic undertones, scorched earth tactics, decisive use of technology, and the considerable involvement of Chaos ; the inconceivable treachery and its implications forever change the Loyalists' view of reality.
The Primarchs is a compilation of four novellas by different authors, each story starring one of the "sons" of the Emperor. Fear to Tread describes an operation by the forces of Chaos that is supposed to turn Primarch Sanguinius and the 9th Space Marine Legion, the "Blood Angels", to their cause.
The plan almost succeeds; yet conflicting agendas among anti-Imperial protagonists, as well as the fortitude and unorthodox tactics of quick-to-adapt Blood Angels, narrowly result in Loyalist victory. In the meantime Horus' rebellion erupts openly and the Loyalists suffer catastrophic losses in the Dropsite Massacre Book 5. Shadows of Treachery is a compilation that collects five short stories previously published in limited editions , art books , or other formats, and also contains two new novellas.
Other Legions and Primarchs are also featured, while one short story takes place on Mars and illuminates an aspect of the Traitor Mechanicum's conspiracy. The narratives of all stories fill gaps in the series or add further details about the Heresy and its actors; they cover periods that range from several decades before the conflict to around the time frame of Book 18 one short story is a prequel to that novel.
Angel Exterminatus covers a Traitor operation in uncharted and dangerous galactic space, that may purportedly decide the war in favour of the rebels. The story provides further glimpses of disparate motivations and conflicting objectives among traitor factions as the Heresy campaign continues. However the core plot is set in motion by Fulgrim and the Emperor's Children, who share the spotlight. The embittered Iron Warriors have aligned with Horus out of frustration with the ignominious and unheralded role assigned them by the Imperium; before the story begins, they lash out in unforgivable genocide.
In the story, they are invited to the freelance operation which is unknown to the Warmaster by Fulgrim and his Legion, who have their own agenda.
The Maccabean Revolt
The operation's true goal is kept secret from Perturabo and his Space Marines, who come to realise that not all fellow rebels can be trusted. A side thread involves Fabius Bile , the chief medical officer of the Emperor's Children, and the Traitors' top geneticist ; he is on a no-holds-barred quest to exceed the Emperor's genetic achievements. Betrayer returns the series to the action in the Ultramar theatre ; it starts around the time the events of Book 19 begin to unfold. In tenuous and fragile cooperation, the two very different Traitor Legions lay waste to worlds across Ultramar; it is a "Shadow Crusade" meticulously planned by Primarch Lorgar of the Word Bearers, who deploys Abyss -class spaceships.
The campaign's strategic goal is the destruction or isolation of the powerful Ultramarines Legion, its home star system, and the system's considerable resources; removing Ultramar as a factor in the war is one of Horus' primary objectives. The scheming Primarch of the Word Bearers orchestrates genocide in unprecedented scale, as a way to summon the powers of Chaos.
With their help, he hopes to generate the so-called Ruinstorm , an immense interdimensional disturbance that will create an impenetrable veil around Ultramar. As the final piece of his plan, Lorgar engineers the "ascension" into daemonhood of the increasingly unstable Angron: the event is to act as the conduit for the unnatural storm. Mark of Calth is the fifth compilation to appear in the series; it contains seven short stories and one novella, each by a different author.
Outside the UK, series titles are published in several countries and languages by Black Library divisions or as co-editions with local associates. Starting November , new titles have often been released simultaneously in multiple media; occasionally since then, new titles' digital or audio releases have preceded the print versions, in reverse of previous practice see table "Published" above.
Series stories have appeared in whole or in part in other Black Library publications, sometimes before the corresponding series books have become generally available; prepublications have included stand-alone releases of compilation stories. There have been a number of special editions and bundles published in a variety of media; bundles have included the "Horus Heresy Collections", which mix editions and media of the same or different titles.
Certain special editions are available in limited distribution months before the release of the corresponding regular, or wider-release, versions. The books' cover art has been separately released, in poster and other formats. Series bundles and special offers have also contained the separate artwork releases of the included titles.
English-language series releases include publishing of the titles in special "premium" editions: "Premium Hardback" print and "Enhanced Ebook" digital.
These versions contain additional material and artwork, and are published several months before their general-availability or regular edition counterparts. The earlier catalogue of the series is also republished in these editions, again beginning October with the series-opening novel trilogy. Critical reception of individual titles has been mixed, yet the general tone of reviews has been mostly positive. Although the series overall has been viewed favourably, there have been complaints about its length, the multitude of characters and narrative threads, and the timeline jumps or repetitions caused by the nonlinear storytelling.
Early in its publishing history, the series became a sales success in its category. Horus Rising by Dan Abnett, the opening title, set the pace shortly after its release, topping Locus magazine's "Locus Bestsellers: Gaming-Related" list of August ; as of Book 22 September , [update] practically every title in the series had achieved the same or similar performance on this chart. The Black Library and Games Workshop have released novels, game rulebooks, and other products not branded or classified as Horus Heresy , yet directly relating to story arcs or events described in the series.
An example is listed in the section below. Retrieved November 27, all web links. References may include multiple versions of cited works, published in alternate formats or media: these versions appear consecutively, are separated by a double semicolon ;; , and are listed by full date of release in ascending order displayed date may be truncated ; where applicable they are sub-listed by media type, in alphabetical order.
In such references, information common to listed versions may appear in a single instance only. Where "originally published" appears in entries for standalone or self-contained works including compilations , it refers to the work's first release in the indicated media type. Audio sources are listed by author s. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. April paperback November e-book January audiobook. June paperback December e-book July audiobook. October paperback December e-book January audiobook.
March paperback December e-book December audiobook. July paperback December e-book April audiobook. October paperback December e-book May audiobook. March paperback December e-book February audiobook. August paperback December e-book. December paperback December e-book. April paperback December e-book. July paperback December e-book July audiobook. March paperback November audiobook, e-book. November e-book, paperback. December audiobook, e-book January paperback.
May audiobook, e-book, paperback. November audiobook, e-book, paperback. January audiobook, e-book, paperback. February audiobook, e-book March paperback. May audiobook, e-book June paperback. August audiobook, e-book, paperback. September e-book, paperback. November audiobook January e-book, paperback.
December audiobook March paperback. January e-book, hardback and audio July paperback. December ebook February hardback and audio September paperback. March ebook, hardback and audio October paperback. April ebook, hardback and audio November paperback. May ebook, hardback and audio December paperback. June ebook, hardback and audio December paperback. August ebook, hardback and audio January paperback.
October ebook, hardback and audio April paperback. December ebook, hardback and audio June paperback. February ebook, hardback and audio August paperback. April ebook, hardback and audio October paperback. August ebook, hardback and audio February paperback. November ebook, hardback and audio June paperback. May ebook, hardback and audio October paperback. July ebook, hardback and audio December paperback.
November ebook, hardback and audio April paperback. February ebook, hardback and audio Late paperback. See also: List of Horus Heresy characters. Retrieved May 19, Horus Heresy [art book series]. Nottingham, UK: Black Library. The Guardian. Retrieved 14 January Warhammer 40, Rulebook 6th ed.
Nottingham: Games Workshop. Praetorian of Dorn. Horus Rising. Black Library. Book review". British Fantasy Society. Retrieved February 7, ; the subtitle Visions of treachery is also the title of Book 3 in the Horus Heresy art book series. Retrieved February 7, See Blood for the blood god in libraries WorldCat catalog. Retrieved February 26, For Book 23 and following, first general-availability print edition is in trade format with fold-out cover.
Kyme a downloadable "audio short". Abnett et al. For series titles published in other languages, see non-English editions in libraries Worldcat catalog. Retrieved March 18, A novella republished in The Primarchs compilation. Both positive. Retrieved December 31, Retrieved April 26, ]. Retrieved January 2, From an interview with series author Dan Abnett; Farley From a reviewer's essay; for a creator's perspective on working within the overall Warhammer environment see Baxter Black Library thanks to the popularity of its Horus Heresy series for growing [its] sales in a tough market.
Originally offered as a "Collectors Edition" web exclusive. Nottingham, UK: Games Workshop. Archived from the original on November 8, Retrieved March 21, Europe Intelligence Wire. February 6, Abnett, Dan Horus rising: the seeds of heresy are sown mm paperback print. Horus Heresy [book series]. Read by Martyn Ellis; abridged by Christian Dunn abridged ed.
Read by Gareth Armstrong unabridged ed. Read by Martyn Ellis; abridged by Christian Dunn; includes additional unabridged "audio short" extra written by Abnett abridged bundled limited ed. Ahmed, Samira March 12, BBC News Online online news resource world ed. BBC Online. Retrieved November 6, The lost and the damned. Antigonos [ pseudonym ]; et al. October 18, Copiague, New York : Nicholas Lown. Forum: Warhammer 40, Background. Archived from the original on March 20, Retrieved March 20, Archived from the original on December 28, Retrieved March 10, CS1 maint: extra punctuation link Baxter, Stephen May—June [originally in print edition, issue ; unspecified online pub.
Vector online ed. British Science Fiction Association. Archived from the original on November 9, Retrieved October 6, New York Times online ed. The New York Times Company. Retrieved May 22, Publishers Weekly. New York: PWxyz. June 11, Bickham, Jes, ed.
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October White Dwarf UK print ed. Nottingham, UK: Games Workshop Bligh, Alan Horus Heresy [rulebooks]. Nottingham, UK: Forge World. Bosier, Jen June 28, Denver, Colorado : Clarity Media Group. New York: Forbes. Archived from the original on May 1, Retrieved May 1, Brent [Brent Aleman] January 15, Bell of Lost Souls.
Comments by readers. Archived from the original on January 16, Retrieved January 15, Retrieved April 15, CS1 maint: extra punctuation link Counter, Ben Galaxy in flames: the heresy revealed mm paperback print. Audiobook review". UK: British Fantasy Society. Archived from the original on March 18, Retrieved March 8, Retrieved July 11, Dembski-Bowden, Aaron January February Horus Heresy [novellas]. Night Lords.