His season also was now longer: September to June each year, which allowed his repertoire and experience to expand. In his excellent Reiner biography, Kenneth Morgan wrote:. During eight years in the city, Reiner conducted some performances of fifty different operas by thirty composers. He conducted fourteen new productions, four world premieres and five first performances in Dresden. However, its five performances were not a success, partially due to the immediate post-war financial constraints on production In Dresden, Reiner also conducted some 40 orchestral concerts 8 , expanding his repertoire.
As was the case in many European cities and some US cities, the symphonic orchestra was able to draw on the body of opera orchestra musicians which has developed previously. Fritz and Elca Reiner were divorced in July, Elca and the daughters eventually returned to Slovenia. The records and correspondence relating to Fritz Reiner's divorce and subsequent battles regarding child visitation and support are an early display of the vindictive, intransigent, and what seems a morbid and paranoid aspect of his personality. These characteristics were to remain with Fritz Reiner through the subsequent decades of artistic growth and turmoil.
From contemporary correspondence, it seemed Reiner had ambitions to gain the Directorship. However, he had the disadvantage of his general unpopularity with the orchestra and the administration, and additionally to not being German. At this time, Fritz Busch was added to the Dresden conducting staff, and Busch who was eventually to succeed Reiner in Dresden was given priority in the orchestra's symphonic cycles, protested by Reiner. Kenneth Morgan wrote:. As opposition began to mount against Reiner in Dresden, the managing board of the Semperoper began to invite guest conductors to take his place in the season.
While in Spain, he received an offer to become conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, then being reorganized. Fritz Reiner Goes to Cincinnati. Cincinnati, with its large German-origin community had a strong musical tradition, including with its Cincinnati May Festival. The Cincinnati Symphony had a series of distinguished conductors, beginning with Frank Van der Stucken who conducted it from its founding in until After Van der Stucken, the orchestra was silent for three seasons until Leopold Stokowski became conductor Anna Sinton Taft was one of the founders of the Cincinnati Symphony in , and served as its President until her death in Emil Heermann had been Concertmaster of the Cincinnati Symphony starting in , and was succeeded by his son Hugo Heermann.
Although Reiner began his tenure with courteous behavior toward Cincinnati symphony musicians, as the s progressed, he became progressively more critical and sarcastic. The list below shows a portion of the new, mostly contemporary works which Reiner featured between and In addition, Reiner programmed for the first time in Cincinnati, and often in his first performances of the works, many compositions by Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, neither of whom were then frequently performed.
Berta Gerster-Gardini had for two years suspected her husband of having affairs 18 , and on 22 November , newspaper headlines announced "Mrs.
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Fritz Reiner Sues For Divorce" on the basis of "cruelty" 19 , which was granted in In his account, Kenneth Morgan states:. The most important reason for the breakdown of the marriage was Reiner's affair with Carlotta Irwin, who met him in the Queen City, where for two seasons she was a leading lady with the Stuart Walker Players Following his divorce being granted on 5 February , Fritz Reiner and Carlotta Irwin were married on 26 April Fritz Reiner Leaves Cincinnati.
Meanwhile, Reiner's relations with the Cincinnati board also had become progressively more contentious, and after his four year contract begun in the season, Reiner was given only one year contracts. After the news of Fritz Reiner's second divorce and third marriage, the Board notified Reiner that his contract would not be renewed, and they set about identifying a replacement Fritz and Carlotta decided, however to establish their residence in New York City, with Fritz commuting to the Curtis Institute once each week. The Curtis Institute, founded and richly endowed by Mary Louise Curtis Bok, provided its music conservatory education to invited students under full scholarship.
At the Curtis Institute, Reiner was responsible for the student orchestra and for the instruction in conducting to a small group whom he selected himself. Coming from New York City, Reiner would meet with them once each week.
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He placed emphasis on sight reading of scores and on mastery in particular of opera. Reiner also conducted students of the Curtis Symphony in broadcasts over CBS radio, and in a famous concert in November, at the Metropolitan Opera house commemorating the 50th anniversary of Josef Hofmann's debut, arranged by Mrs. He later gained an honorary Doctorate from the University of Pittsburgh. When Fritz and Carlotta Reiner learned of the honorary Doctorate from the University of Pennsylvania, they notified musicians and colleagues that thenceforth, Reiner should be addressed as "Doctor Reiner" Most of the famous conductors received honorary Doctorates during their careers.
This seeming affectation by Reiner was cited by some as a manifestation of his insecure person. Thompson's tenure was not completely successful and in February , he was succeeded by Efrem Zimbalist, the famed violinist whom Mrs. Bok married in At the same time as Randall Thompson's resignation, Mrs. Bok also asked for Fritz Reiner's resignation. Klemperer was offered the Pittsburgh Music Director position at an increase over his Los Angeles salary, but he declined.
In Pittsburgh, Fritz Reiner encountered several difficulties.
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There were several Pittsburgh businessmen, led by Edward Specter, giving backing, but without the means to cover the Pittsburgh deficit by themselves. The Pittsburgh Symphony concert hall, the Syria Mosque, was a Moorish style theater with 3, seats. As well as being too large for a symphony hall, also its oval shape, wider than deep, produced poor acoustics. Reiner set about improving the Pittsburgh Symphony, replacing 46 musicians - more than half of the 90 person orchestra. In later seasons, again often half of the orchestra would be replaced.
This was not only due to Reiner firing musicians, but also because Pittsburgh salaries were lower than in Boston, New York, Philadelphia or Chicago. The season was also shorter, and with no summer concert series to add to income. Also in Pittsburgh, part-time musicians jobs were less plentiful than in larger cities. Then, during World War II, the draft of musicians, plus the salaries for foreign musicians exempt from the draft increased departures.
A search indicates he was not referred to at all in well-known publications, either magazines or newspapers. In , when Reiner was age 53, the knowledgeable music critic David Hall reviewed one of Fritz Reiner's early recordings. It is clear that Hall had no knowledge of Fritz Reiner as a conductor. This was in Hall's widely-read Record Book 2 , which devoted nearly pages to reviews of classical records, both from the leading companies and from specialist labels.
Herbert Blomstedt: Fritz Reiner would fire you for nothing
The review is favorable, but shows no prior knowledge of Fritz Reiner:. Columbia has certainly the the ace-in-the-hole with Mr. Reiner if this disk is any indication Considering his career until , it is striking that Fritz Reiner seems not known even to this experienced critic. Consider Reiner's prior career. Reiner had been principal conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony for eleven seasons, from He had taught conducting at the renowned Curtis Institute for 5 years in the mids with many famous students, including Leonard Bernstein and others.
While at Curtis, Reiner was also conducting the Philadelphia opera season, and guest conducting in New York, Philadelphia and elsewhere. Fritz Reiner had already been the Music Director of the Pittsburgh Symphony for five seasons at the time of this referenced record review.
A Biography of Fritz Reiner
A discography of the recordings of Fritz Reiner click here to see a complete discography of the recordings of Fritz Reiner demonstrates the importance of recording for conductors to be known, and to acquire a following. This is dramatic in the case of Fritz Reiner. Press reviews and record reviews hardly mentioned Fritz Reiner before about or This changed rapidly when the series of Reiner's great recordings with the Pittsburgh Symphony and even more dramatically with his famous Chicago Symphony recordings of the s.
Reiner had had an opportunity to record in while he was permanent conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony. In his excellent biography, Philip Hart writes:. Since the orchestra could not play in New York without recording, the visit was cancelled Through impeccable research and revealing interviews, Morgan offers unprecedented insights into those distinctive characteristics that made Reiner one of the greatest conductors of all time.
Especially welcome is his detailed discussion of the famous legacy of recordings that keeps Reiner's memory alive, even to those too young to have heard him in concert. Toon meer Toon minder. Reviews Schrijf een review. Bindwijze: Paperback. Verkoop door bol. In winkelwagen Op verlanglijstje. Gratis verzending 30 dagen bedenktijd en gratis retourneren Ophalen bij een bol.
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Create an account. Forgot your password? Share this product: Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email. The life and legacy of a musical mastermind. Praise for Fritz Reiner: Maestro and Martinet "Exhaustively reviewing Reiner's commentary on conducting and his interpretive choices in musical performance, Morgan analyzes and defines Reiner's musical legacy.