Manual Island No. 10: struggle for the Mississippi Valley

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The Cumberland army engaged the enemy across five times more territory with one-third to one-half fewer men than the Army of the Potomac, and yet its achievements in the western theater rivaled those of the larger eastern army. In Days of Glory, Larry J. Daniel brings his analytic and descriptive skills to bear on the Cumberlanders as he explores the dynamics of discord, political infighting, and feeble leader.

Battle of Stones River : the forgotten conflict between the Confederate Army of Tennessee and the Union Army of the Cumberland by Larry J Daniel 8 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Three days of fighting between Confederate and Union troops at Stones River in Middle Tennessee ended with nearly 25, casualties but no clear victor, but proved to be a strategic northern victory.

According to the author, Union defeats in late transformed the clash in Tennessee into a morale booster for the North. His study of the battle's two antagonists, William S. Rosecrans for the Union Army of the Cumberland and Braxton Bragg for the Confederate Army of Tennessee, presents contrasts in leadership and a series of missteps. Soldiering in the Army of Tennessee : a portrait of life in a Confederate army by Larry J Daniel Book 4 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Drawing from letters and diaries of more than soldiers as well as postwar memoirs, this book presents intimate detail of what the Civil War in the western theater was like for the Confederate Army of Tennessee.

But under the principal leadership of generals such as Braxton Bragg, Joseph E.

Island No. 10: struggle for the Mississippi Valley

Johnston, and John Bell Hood, it won few major battles, and many regard its inability to halt steady Union advances into the Confederate heartland as a matter of failed leadership. Here, esteemed military historian Larry J. Daniel offers a far richer interpretation.

Surpassing previous work that has focused on questions of command structure and the force's fate on the fields of battle, Daniel provides the clearest view to date of the army's inner workings, from top-level command and unit cohesion to the varied experiences of common soldiers and their connections to the home front. Drawing from his mastery of the relevant sources, Daniel's book is a thought-provoking reassessment of an army's fate, with important implications for Civil War history and military history writ large.

Confederate cannon foundries by Larry J Daniel Book 2 editions published between and in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. The edge of glory : a biography of General William S. Confederate control of the Mississippi River was vital to the unification of the seceding states east and west of the Mississippi Valley and could effectively cripple the agricultural economy of the midwestern states of the Union.

Early in the war, the Confederate forces under the direction of General Leonidas Polk fortified Island 10, near the Kentucky-Tennessee state line.

In Island 10 was part of a chain of islands in the Mississippi River lying below Cairo, Illinois, that led into the heart of the Confederacy. It was so named for its position as tenth in this chain from north to south.

Unvexed Waters: Mississippi River Squadron, Part 2 | Emerging Civil War

A Confederate force of approximately 7, troops manned the island defenses. This enlarged sandbar at the bottom of a tight river U-turn mounted five batteries and 24 guns backed up with 7, Confederates. Navy Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote was hesitant to expose his ironclads to heavy shore guns again after suffering severe damage at Forts Henry and Donelson.

Going downriver with the swift current was a whole lot easier than coming back up. The cumbersome vessels could be disabled and captured, and possibly turned against friendly river cities.


  • Concurrent Prolog - Vol. 2: Collected Papers?
  • Daniel, Larry J. [WorldCat Identities].
  • In this Book?
  • Electromagnetic Processing of Materials: Materials Processing by Using Electric and Magnetic Functions!
  • Island No. Struggle for the Mississippi Valley by Larry J. Daniel.
  • Civil War Campaigns.
  • Snow caves for fun & survival.

The ironclad was covered with rope, chain, and whatever loose material lay at hand. A barge filled with coal and hay was lashed to her side. Her steam exhaust was diverted from the smokestacks out the side of the casemate to muffle sound. On a moonless night under a thunderstorm, Carondelet slithered downstream unscathed and almost undetected.

Another ironclad gunboat followed. The dramatic passage introduced a new, and previously unthinkable, naval tactic: driving vulnerable warships through narrow channels past heavily armed fixed emplacements. Once past the batteries, the gunboats ferried Union forces across the river below the island, isolated and captured the outnumbered garrison from behind. This process would be repeated on a larger scale three weeks later at New Orleans, and subsequently at Vicksburg, Port Hudson, and Mobile. Flag Officer Charles H. Davis relieved Foote as flotilla commander in May and headed on downriver for Memphis with six ironclads, accompanied by Colonel Charles Ellet and his nine unarmed wooden rams.

Confederates had seized a motley collection of passenger, cargo, and tow boats to defend the river, converting them to rams armed with one or two guns—the Confederate River Defense Fleet. Like the Ellet rams, these were captained and crewed by civilian rivermen, nominally under army command, but operating independently and with little coordination. Both vessels were grounded and sunk in shallow water but were soon raised and placed back in service. On June 6, eight of the Confederate converted paddlewheelers steamed out to defend Memphis cheered on from the bluffs by hundreds of citizens.

The ram Monarch followed, while the ironclads closed to deadly range. Battle of Memphis.

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Note the city and its cheering inhabitants in background. A raging melee erupted with no command coordination on either side. The Rebel squadron, unarmored and outgunned, was destroyed, marking the near eradication of Confederate naval presence on the river. But strategic opportunity was lost as attempts to reduce Vicksburg from the river that summer of failed for lack of army support when the indecisive Major General Henry W. Halleck became bogged down in the siege of Corinth, Mississippi. Then a major reorganization transferred the Western Gunboat Flotilla to command of the navy and re-designated it the Mississippi River Squadron with a new and aggressive rear admiral, David D.

Porter, in command.