The Castel San Giusto , or Castle of San Giusto, was designed on the remains of previous castles on the site, and took almost two centuries to build. The stages of the development of the Castle's defensive structures are marked by the central part built under Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor —1 , the round Venetian bastion —9 , the Hoyos-Lalio bastion and the Pomis, or "Bastione fiorito" dated The ruins of the temple dedicated to Zeus are next to the Forum, those of Athena's temple are under the basilica, visitors can see its basement.
The Roman theatre lies at the foot of the San Giusto hill, facing the sea. The construction partially exploits the gentle slope of the hill, and much of the theatre is made of stone. The topmost portion of the steps and the stage were supposedly made of wood. The statues that adorned the theatre, brought to light in the s, are now preserved at the town museum. Three inscriptions from the Trajanic period mention a certain Q. Petronius Modestus, someone closely connected to the development of the theatre, which was erected during the second half of the 1st century.
In the entire Province of Trieste , there are 10 speleological groups out of 24 in the whole Friuli-Venezia Giulia region. Trieste has a lively cultural scene with various theatres. The Slovenska gospodarsko-kulturna zveza — Unione Economica-Culturale Slovena is the umbrella organization bringing together cultural and economic associations belonging to the Slovene minority.
The University of Trieste , founded in , is a medium-size state-supported institution with 12 faculties, and boasts a wide and almost complete range of courses. It currently has about 23, students enrolled and 1, professors. Trieste also hosts the Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati SISSA , a leading graduate and postgraduate teaching and research institution in the study of mathematics, theoretical physics, and neuroscience, and the MIB School of Management Trieste , one of Italy's top-five business schools. There are three international schools offering primary and secondary education programs in English in the greater metropolitan area: the International School of Trieste, the European School of Trieste, and the United World College of the Adriatic.
The city also hosts numerous national and international scientific research institutions. The local calcio football club in Trieste is Triestina , one of the oldest clubs in Italy. Trieste is notable for having had two football clubs participating in the championships of two different nations at the same time during the period of the Free Territory of Trieste , due to the schism within the city and region created by the post-war demarcation.
Triestina played in the Italian first division Serie A. Although it faced relegation after the first season after the Second World War, the FIGC changed the rules to keep it in, as it was seen as important to keep a club of the city in the Italian league, while Yugoslavia had its eye on the city. In the championship of next season the club played its best season with a 3rd-place finish.
Meanwhile, Yugoslavia bought A. Ponziana , a small team in Trieste, which under a new name, Amatori Ponziana Trst , played in the Yugoslavian league for 3 years. Ponziana was renamed as " Circolo Sportivo Ponziana " and currently plays in Friuli-Venezia Giulia Group of Promozione , which is the 7th level of the Italian league. At the end of the —18 season, the team, now trained by coach Eugenio Dalmasson and sponsored by Alma, won promotion to the Lega Basket Serie A , Italy's highest basketball league, fourteen years after its last tenure.
Many sailing clubs have roots in the city which contribute to Trieste's strong tradition in that sport. The Barcolana regatta , which had its first edition in , is the world's largest sailing race by number of participants. Local sporting facilities include the Stadio Nereo Rocco , a UEFA -certified stadium with seating capacity of 32,; the Palatrieste , an indoor sporting arena sitting 7, people, and Piscina Bruno Bianchi, a large olympic size swimming pool.
Trieste has been portrayed on screen a number of times, with films often shot on location in the area. In the early neorealist Alfa Tau! Cinematic interest in Trieste peaked during the height of the "Free Territory" era between and with international films such as Sleeping Car to Trieste and Diplomatic Courier portraying it as a hotbed of espionage.
These films, and the later The Yellow Rolls-Royce conveyed an impression of the city as a cosmopolitan place of conflict between Great Powers , a portrayal which resembled that of Casablanca Italian filmmakers, by contrast, portrayed Trieste as unquestionably Italian in a series of patriotic films including Trieste mia! The city hosted in the first International Festival of Science Fiction Film Festival internazionale del film di fantascienza , which ran until Trieste's maritime location and its former long term status as part of the Austrian and, between —, Austro-Hungarian empires made the Port of Trieste the major commercial port for much of the landlocked areas of central Europe.
In the 19th century, a new port district known as the Porto Nuovo was built northeast to the city centre. There is significant commercial shipping to the container terminal, steel works and oil terminal, all located to the south of the city centre. Railways came early to Trieste, due to the importance of its port and the need to transport people and goods inland. It approaches Trieste through the village of Villa Opicina , a few kilometres from the big city but over metres feet higher in elevation. Due to this, the line takes a 32 kilometres 20 miles detour to the north, gradually descending before terminating at the Trieste Centrale railway station.
The two stations were connected by a railway line that in the initial plans had to be an interim solution: the Rive railway German: Rive-Bahn , but which survived until , when it was replaced by the Galleria di Circonvallazione , a 5. This railway also approached Trieste via Villa Opicina, but it took a rather shorter loop southwards towards the sea front. Freight services from the dock area include container services to northern Italy and to Budapest, Hungary , together with rolling highway services to Salzburg, Austria and Frankfurt, Germany.
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The Mestre railway hub offers further connecting options with high-speed trains to Rome and Milan. Passenger trains also run between Villa Opicina and Ljubljana. The airport serves domestic and international destinations and is fully connected to the national railway and highway networks. The Trieste Airport railway station links the passenger terminal directly to the Venice—Trieste railway thanks to a meter long skybridge.
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A 16 platform bus terminal, a multistorey car park with lots and a car park with lots give public and private motor vehicles rapid access to the A4 Trieste-Turin highway. In the southern direction, this highway also offers seamless interconnection to Slovenia 's A1 Motorway , and through that to highway networks in Croatia , Hungary , and the Balkans. Local public transport is operated by Trieste Trasporti , which operates a network of around 60 bus routes and two boat services. They also operate the Opicina Tramway , a hybrid between a tramway and funicular railway , providing a more direct link between the city centre and Opicina.
The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Trieste e Gorizia, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 49 min. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 4. Trieste is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the asteroid, see Tergeste. For other uses, see Trieste disambiguation. Comune in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy. Coat of arms.
Location of Trieste. See also: Names of Trieste in different languages. Main articles: History of Trieste and Timeline of Trieste.
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See also: Imperial Free City of Trieste. See also: Battles of the Isonzo and Julian March. Main article: Free Territory of Trieste. See also: Port of Trieste. See also: Trieste Centrale railway station. Main article: List of people from Trieste. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy. Italy portal.
Retrieved 16 March Province: Trieste". National Institute of Statistics Italy. Retrieved 27 January Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved September 21, Oxford University Press. Retrieved August 1, An introduction to the Indo-European languages.
SIU Press. Retrieved 6 December A ghost in Trieste. University of Chicago Press. Schriften zur slavischen Altertumskunde und Namenkunde. In Kommission bei O. AmbiWeb GmbH. Retrieved 11 December Rivista Ligure in Italian. Corso Cavour, 7, Trieste - Italy.
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Past guests recommend NH Trieste for the location, only five minutes walk from the historic center and the sea, as well as the comfortable rooms and the tasty and rich breakfast, with lot of choice. For sea views, book into one of our 5th floor suites facing the harbor. More information. For business functions, as well as for those searching for a modern and stylish place close to the main attractions of Trieste, the hotel features 4 meeting rooms with natural light as well as a veranda.
Complete with a multilingual in-house staff, the NH Trieste hotel offers a perfect setting for all your events: meetings, conferences, conventions, private events, and more. We offer also offer menus and custom services, helping to make your gathering a guaranteed success. Baia Sistiana is considered one of the best beaches of the area, and Duino - with rocks overhanging the sea - hosts charming destinations for beach vacations.
As far as naturalistic attractions, the Grotta Gigante is well-worth a visit. It is considered the biggest hypogeal karstic cave, with many stalactites formed by the steady trickle of water over time. Prosecco, Samatorza, San Dorligo della Valle: these are just some of the small villages in the Karstic plateau, with their characteristic stone houses and their osmize , small and cozy restaurants ideal for tasting local wines and specialties. The sea and the karstic landscapes of the Province of Trieste offer a wide variety of excursions in wild areas. Walking enthusiasts can follow the Sentiero di Rilke Rilke's Path.
This route dedicated to the poet Rainer Maria Rilke, runs from Duino to Sistiana, touching on the spectacular reefs of the Falesie di Duino Natural Reserve and showing off some breathtaking sceneries. The Karstic plateau is ideal for many activities: trekking and mountain-biking or extreme sports like free climbing , in Val Rosandra or on the cliffs of Karst. Speleology lovers can explore many caverns and Karstic caves. The Carnival of Muggia features floats and costumed processions, while the Nozze Carsiche Ceremony is an historic performance of a Slovenian ritual taking place in Monrupino on the last Sunday in August every two years.
Sporting events are equally-important: the Barcolana or Regata d'autunno is an historic boat race in the Gulf of Trieste; meanwhile, the Bavisela or Maratona d'Europa marathon takes place in Trieste every first Sunday of May. And in almost every small town it is possible to taste local wines and take part in food fairs highlighting the local products. The cuisine in Trieste Province is rich and varied, due to Austrian, Venetian and Friulian influences.
Typical dishes are: jota , a soup made with white cabbage, beans, pork and potatoes; zuf , a polenta dish; many kinds of risotto; gnochi de pan bread dumplings and gnochi de susini prune dumplings.