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Whole grains c. Cocoa d. White rice. Studies on the effects of phytochemicals on health have been hindered the most by which of the following? Lack of phytochemical nutrient databases b. Lack of knowledge of the interactions among phytochemicals c. Lack of available funding for phytochemical research d. Dangers in eating too much phytochemical-rich food. Phytochemicals are thought to be involved in which of the following?

Preventing DNA damage b. Antihistamine effects c. Antibiotic effects d. Anti-HIV effects. References 1. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease. J Natl Cancer Inst. Slavin JL, Lloyd B. Health benefits of fruits and vegetables. Adv Nutr. Effects of tea and coffee on cardiovascular disease risk. Food Funct. The impact of coffee on health. The impact of green tea and coffee consumption on the reduced risk of stroke incidence in Japanese population: The Japan Public health center-based study cohort. Cocoa polyphenols and their potential benefits for human health.

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Phytochemicals’ Role in Good Health

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Phytochemical Screening – I: Preparation of Extracts, Phytochemical Tests for Detection

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Habitual intake of dietary flavonoids and risk of Parkinson disease. Target-based selection of flavonoids for neurodegenerative disorders. Trends Pharmacol Sci. Cocoa flavanols and brain perfusion. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. The effect of flavanol-rich cocoa on the fMRI response to a cognitive task in healthy young people. Furthermore, very few of the cyclotides in C. Likewise, none of the C. With these suggestions for future work on this fascinating plant we feel that many more exciting discoveries are on the horizon. DC and GO conceived and planned the framework for this article.

All authors contributed to the writing and editing.

chapter and author info

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. We thank Innovate Ag Pty. Abdelhamid, A. The evaluation of new sources of fodder Clitoria and Phillipesara under Egyptian conditions.

Adhikary, R. Clitoria ternatea flower petals: effect on TNFR1 neutralization via downregulation of synovial matrix metalloproteases. Ajesh, K. A novel antifungal protein with lysozyme-like activity from seeds of Clitoria ternatea. Alderete-Chavez, A. Evaluation of Clitoria ternatea L. Altschul, S. Basic local alignment search tool. Anthika, B. Ultrasonic approach in Clitoria ternatea butterfly pea extraction in water and extract sterilization by ultrafiltration for eye drop active ingredient. Procedia Chem. Appelhagen, I. Colour bio-factories: towards scale-up production of anthocyanins in plant cell cultures.

Banerjee, S. Taraxerol from Clitoria ternatea Linn. Calcutta Sch. PubMed Abstract Google Scholar. Taraxerone from Clitoria ternatea Linn. Barro, C. The study of Clitoria ternatea L. Evolution of the chemical composition at four different growth stages. Food Agric. Bhatia, M. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Clitoria ternatea Linn. Bi, X. Enzymatic engineering of live bacterial cell surfaces using butelase 1.

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Foods Acute effect of Clitoria ternatea flower beverage on glycemic response and antioxidant capacity in healthy subjects: a randomized crossover trial. BMC Complement. Cobley, L. An Introduction to the Botany of Tropical Crops.

Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture

Colina, V. Effect of defoliation on biomass production of Clitoria ternatea L. Cuban J. Conlan, B. Circular micro-proteins and mechanisms of cyclization. Conway, M. Collins and T. Rowe, N. Mendham, and D. Donaghy Hobart: The Regional Institute. Craik, D. Host-defense activities of cyclotides. Toxins 4, — Plant cyclotides: a unique family of cyclic and knotted proteins that defines the cyclic cystine knot structural motif. Cyclotides as a basis for drug design.

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Devi, B. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties of Clitoria ternatea root. Fitoterapia 74, — Duangkhet, M. Isolation and characterization of rhizobia from nodules of Clitoria ternatea in Thailand. Plant Biotechnol. Dwivedi, G. Nitrogen economy, dry matter production and seed production potential of Setaria sphacelata by intercropping of pasture legumes.

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McDonald, C. Germination response to temperature in tropical and subtropical pasture legumes. Constant temperature. Mensah, R. Development of Clitoria ternatea as a biopesticide for cotton pest management: assessment of product effect on Helicoverpa spp. Mhaskar, A. In vitro regeneration of Clitoria ternatea L. Mohamed, N. Plant regeneration of Clitoria ternatea from leaf explants cultured in vitro.

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Medicinal plants

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  5. Phrueksanan, W. Protection of Clitoria ternatea flower petal extract against free radical-induced hemolysis and oxidative damage in canine erythrocytes. Piala, J. Diuretic activity of roots of Clitoria ternatea L. Experientia Plan, M. The cyclotide fingerprint in Oldenlandia affinis : elucidation of chemically modified, linear and novel macrocyclic peptides. ChemBioChem 8, — Poth, A. Discovery of an unusual biosynthetic origin for circular proteins in legumes. Discovery of cyclotides in the Fabaceae plant family provides new insights into the cyclization, evolution, and distribution of circular proteins.

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    Sushma, N. Facile approach to synthesize magnesium oxide nanoparticles by using Clitoria ternatea -characterization and in vitro antioxidant studies. Swain, S. Production of triterpenoid anti-cancer compound taraxerol in Agrobacterium -transformed root cultures of butterfly pea Clitoria ternatea L. Hairy root cultures of butterfly pea Clitoria ternatea L. World J. Talpate, K. Neuroprotective and nootropic activity of Clitorea ternatea Linn.

    Fabaceae leaves on diabetes induced cognitive decline in experimental animals. Bioallied Sci. Tani, T. Delphinidin 3-rutinoside-rich blackcurrant extract ameliorates glucose tolerance by increasing the release of glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion. Taranalli, A. Influence of Clitoria ternatea extracts on memory and central cholinergic activity in rats. Taur, D. Evaluation of antiasthmatic activity of Clitoria ternatea L. Pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical evaluation of Clitoria ternatea leaves.

    Terahara, N. Structure of ternatin A1, the largest ternatin in the major blue anthocyanins from Clitoria ternatea flowers. Tetrahedron Lett. Structure of ternatin D1, an acylated anthocyanin from Clitoria ternatea flowers. Acylated anthocyanins of Clitoria ternatea flowers and their acyl moieties. Phytochemistry 29, — Further structural elucidation of the anthocyanin, deacylternatin, from Clitoria ternatea.

    Structure of ternatin A2, one of Clitoria ternatea flower anthocyanins having the unsymmetrical side chains. Heterocycles 31, — Thell, K. Oral activity of a nature-derived cyclic peptide for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Vasisht, K. Norneolignans from the roots of Clitoria ternatea L. Yamada, K. A VPE family supporting various vacuolar functions in plants. Plant , — Zaroug, M. Effects of phosphorus and sulfur nutrition on soluble sugars and growth in Clitoria ternatea L. Plant Soil 55, — Screening strains of Rhizobium for the tropical legumes Clitoria ternatea and Vigna trilobata in soils of different pH.

    Grasslands 14, 28— Keywords : peptides, forage crop, anthocyanins, organic pesticide, butelase, medicinal plant. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s and the copyright owner s are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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