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Video Ingenuity Awards. Smithsonian Channel. Video Contest. Games Daily Sudoku. Universal Crossword. Daily Word Search. Mah Jong Quest. Subscribe Top Menu Current Issue. Book Shop. Michael Turner coined the term "dark energy" in No one knows what it is. Courtesy of Michael Turner. Scientists working at the South Pole stay in a facility resting on stilts that are raised as snow accumulates. Engineer Dana Hrubes adjusts a battery at the South Pole facility. With no aircraft flights during the darkest half of the year, researchers fend for themselves by growing fresh vegetables under artificial light.
Far from extraneous light and plunged into months-long darkness, Antarctica's South Pole Telescope is one of the best places on Earth for observing the rest of the universe. To put it in a nutshell, the universe began with the Big Bang nearly 14 billion years ago, rapidly inflated and is still expanding today. Rather than slowing down, scientists say, the expansion has been speeding up, driven by dark energy.
This map of hot spots across the infant universe shows where matter later concentrated and gave rise to galaxies. Astronomers like Russet McMillan use gravity in their hunt for dark energy. Gretchen Van Doren. Scientists at the Apache Point Observatory in New Mexico repeatedly aim a laser beam at the Moon and time the light's return to Earth, giving them the Moon's distance to within a millimeter.
The measure of the gravitational pull between the Earth and Moon helps astronomers define dark energy. Tom Murphy. Astronauts placed this reflector on the moon in Like this article? Next Article Saving the Silky Sifaka. But can they follow the lead of their human carers and learn how to crack open a coconut for themselves?
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Retrieved 19 November Toronto: ECW press. CBS News. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 13 April Under the Influence. Season 3. Episode Event occurs at time CBC Radio One. Transcript of the original source. Retrieved 7 June The series had lots of interesting devices that marveled us back in the 60s. In episode one, we see wife Jane doing exercises in front of a flatscreen television. In another episode, we see George Jetson reading the newspaper on a screen. Can anyone say computer? In another, Boss Spacely tells George to fix something called a "computer virus. There is a robot vacuum cleaner, foretelling the arrival of the iRobot Roomba vacuum.
There was also a tanning bed used in an episode, a product that wasn't introduced to North America until And while flying space cars that have yet to land in our lives, the Jetsons show had moving sidewalks like we now have in airports, treadmills that didn't hit the consumer market until , and they had a repairman who had a piece of technology called The Economist. Retrieved 18 September A Portrait of England". Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 10 November The Times.
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Science fiction and space futures: past and present. Trillion Year Spree. London: Victor Gollancz. SAGE Open.
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UCR Today. The British Library. National Public Radio. Retrieved 27 February The Palgrave handbook of posthumanism in film and television. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire. Retrieved 4 December Inter Press Service News Agency. Retrieved 23 March New York Times 1 April pg A Retrieved 31 March Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 2 March Retrieved 12 December Project Hieroglyph".
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University of South Carolina Press. The Paris Review. Retrieved 13 August Retrieved 5 June Barlowe's Guide to Extraterrestrials. Workman Publishing Company. Stanley Kubrick: A Biography. Basic Books. Wolfe and Carol T. Clareson editor, Popular Press, , pages 53— Theories of Science Fiction eds. Maryland, US Macmillan. Ender's Game. Retrieved 25 March The Sirian Experiments. London: Flamingo. Retrieved 4 July Tor Books. Archived from the original on 30 April Retrieved 29 April The A.
The Onion. Retrieved 11 April The World Science Fiction Society. Campbell Award". Locus Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Worldcon Atlas Obscura. File Archived from the original on 24 December The World of Fanzines. The Hugo Awards. American Historical Review. Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 2 June In Gary Westfahl ed. Westport, Conn.
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London: Routledge, London: Dorling Kindersley, Clute, John and Peter Nicholls , eds. New York: St Martin's Press, If we are not careful, our minds become absorbed in endless political intrigues and battles. We misread their intentions and react in ways that cause confusion or conflict.
Social intelligence is the ability to see people in the most realistic light possible. By moving past our usual self-absorption, we can learn to focus deeply on others, reading their behavior in the moment, seeing what motivates them, and discerning any possible manipulative tendencies. Navigating smoothly the social environment, we have more time and energy to focus on learning and acquiring skills.
Success attained without this intelligence is not true mastery, and will not last. Greene breaks this into two kinds of knowledge: specific knowledge of human nature — the ability to read people, to get a feel for how they see the world, and to understand their individuality, and the general knowledge of human nature, which means accumulating an understanding of the overall patterns of human behavior that transcend us as individuals, including some of the darker qualities we often disregard.
You have to learn to see people as they are. If you can get people to become emotional, they will reveal a lot more. In the end, your goal is to identify and pierce through to what makes people unique, to understand the character and values that lie at their cores. Envy : It is our nature to constantly compare ourselves to others— in terms of money, looks, coolness, intelligence, popularity, or any number of categories. In general, it is by standing out too much that you will spark this ugly emotion, and so it is best to maintain a nonthreatening exterior and to blend in well with the group, at least until you are so successful it no longer matters.
Conformism: When people form groups of any type, a kind of organizational mind-set inevitably sets in. Rigidity : The world has become increasingly complex in many ways, and whenever we humans face a situation that seems complicated our response is to resort to a kind of artificial simplicity, to create habits and routines that give us a sense of control. The best strategy is to simply accept rigidity in others, outwardly displaying deference to their need for order. On your own, however, you must work to maintain your open spirit, letting go of bad habits and deliberately cultivating new ideas.
Self-obsessiveness : In the work environment, we almost inevitably think first and foremost of ourselves. In general, in your interactions with people, find a way to make the conversations revolve around them and their interests, all of which will go far to winning them to your side. Laziness : We all have the tendency to want to take the quickest, easiest path to our goals, but we generally manage to control our impatience; we understand the superior value of getting what we want through hard work. In general, be wary of people who want to collaborate— they are often trying to find someone who will do the heavier lifting for them.
Flightiness : We like to make a show of how much our decisions are based on rational considerations, but the truth is that we are largely governed by our emotions, which continually color our perceptions. Passive Aggression : The root cause of all passive aggression is the human fear of direct confrontation— the emotions that a conflict can churn up and the loss of control that ensues.
Speak through your work: If you are experiencing the pressures of political maneuvering within the group, do not lose your head and become consumed with all of the pettiness. By remaining focused and speaking socially through your work, you will both continue to raise your skill level and stand out among all the others who make a lot of noise but produce nothing.
Craft the appropriate persona : You must see the creation of a persona as a key element in social intelligence, not something evil or demonic. We all wear masks in the social arena, playing different roles to suit the different environments we pass through. You are simply becoming more conscious of the process. Think of it as theater. By creating a persona that is mysterious, intriguing, and masterful, you are playing to the public, giving them something compelling and pleasurable to witness. You are allowing them to project their fantasies onto you, or directing their attention to other theatrical qualities.
See yourself as others see you : Almost all of us have social flaws of some sort, ranging from the relatively harmless to those that can get us in trouble. Perhaps it could be that we talk too much, or are too honest in our criticisms of people, or take offense too easily when others do not respond positively to our ideas. Suffer fools gladly: In dealing with fools you must adopt the following philosophy: they are simply a part of life, like rocks or furniture.
All of us have foolish sides, moments in which we lose our heads and think more of our ego or short-term goals.
CHAPTER II—A DEAN, AND A CHAPTER ALSO
It is human nature. Seeing this foolishness within you, you can then accept it in others. This will allow you to smile at their antics, to tolerate their presence as you would a silly child, and to avoid the madness of trying to change them. What will impede this natural creative dynamic from flourishing is not a lack of talent, but your attitude. Feeling anxious and insecure, you will tend to turn conservative with your knowledge, preferring to fit into the group and sticking to the procedures you have learned.
Instead, you must force yourself in the opposite direction.
As you emerge from your apprenticeship, you must become increasingly bold. Instead of feeling complacent about what you know, you must expand your knowledge to related fields, giving your mind fuel to make new associations between different ideas. You must experiment and look at problems from all possible angles. As your thinking grows more fluid your mind will become increasingly dimensional, seeing more and more aspects of reality.
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In the end, you will turn against the very rules you have internalized, shaping and reforming them to suit your spirit. Such originality will bring you to the heights of power. Not get stuck in your ways, or conform to the norms of your time. The task that you choose to work on must have an obsessive element. Choose something that appeals to your sense of unconventionalness and has a hint of rebellion, it will keep you emotionally engaged. Keep two things in mind when picking your task: it must be realistic while still being at the limits of your reach so that you stretch for it.
And you must let go of your need for comfort and security. If you are worried about what others might think and about how your position in the group might be jeopardized, then you will never really create anything. Use these five strategies to keep your mind open and flexible. This could be as simple as stopping work and going to sleep; or it could mean deciding to take a break, or to temporarily work on something else.
What almost inevitably happens in such moments is that the solution, the perfect idea for completing the work comes to them. After ten long years of incessant thinking on the problem of general relativity, Albert Einstein decided one evening to simply give up. He had had enough.
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It was beyond him. He went to bed early, and when he awoke the solution suddenly came to him. Our attention and thoughts become diffused. Our lack of intensity makes it hard for the brain to jolt into a higher gear. The connections do not occur. For this purpose you must always try to work with deadlines, whether real or manufactured.
Complacency: Constantly remind yourself of how little you truly know, and of how mysterious the world remains. Conservatism: If you gain any kind of attention or success for your work in this phase, you face the great danger of creeping conservatism. Make creativity rather than comfort your goal and you will ensure far more success for the future. Dependency: In the Apprenticeship Phase you relied upon mentors and those above you to supply you with the necessary standards of judgment for your field.
But if you are not careful, you will carry this need for approval over into the next phase. Impatience: The best way to neutralize our natural impatience is to cultivate a kind of pleasure in pain— like an athlete, you come to enjoy rigorous practice, pushing past your limits, and resisting the easy way out. Grandiosity: What must ultimately motivate you is the work itself and the process. Public attention is actually a nuisance and a distraction. Such an attitude is the only defense against falling into the traps set by our ego.
Inflexibility: You must know your field inside and out, and yet be able to question its most entrenched assumptions. You are the supreme hunter, ever alert, eyes scanning the landscape for the fact that will expose a once-hidden reality, with profound consequences. Mechanical Intelligence: In the end, you win through superior craftsmanship, not marketing. This craftsmanship involves creating something with an elegant, simple structure, getting the most out of your materials— a high form of creativity. Natural Powers: Give yourself open-ended time and focus, develop a wide understanding of your field, never settle into complacency, and embrace slowness as a virtue in itself.
The Open Field: Create a space to build something new, by creating something new you will create your own audience, and attain the ultimate position of power in culture. The High End: Your project or the problem you are solving should always be connected to something larger— a bigger question, an overarching idea, an inspiring goal.