Buy Softcover. FAQ Policy. About this book This handbook provides an authoritative study of European decentralisation, taking into account, from a territorial perspective, the different political and administrative traditions in Europe Continental, Anglo-Saxon and Ex-communist States and the cleavages North-South and East-West. Show all. The interesting findings make the book a significant contribution for academics and students, as well as public sector policymakers.
The Irish Case: Decentralisation-Lite? Pages Zwaan, L. Show next xx. This is why the chapter steps back first to position the topic within the broader scientific discourse on sustainable development. An outline of the most influential sustainability conceptions is given to get options for discussing fiscal sustainability. However, it deals with an instrumental, not an intrinsic, good. Over the past two decades, there has been significant progress in the development of indices that are used to measure the quality of governance, including important dimensions such as corruption and transparency.
It reviews the purposes that such indicators typically serve and the conceptual and methodological challenges that surround their use. It discusses their historical evolution and the ways in which such indicators should and should not be used. The chapter concludes by noting that, while there are inherent constraints on the degree of precision that can be expected from such indices, more traditional approaches, such as the CPI and the WGIs, provide a rough and cost-effective first approximation that can be used to assess the severity of problems.
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Newer second-generation analytical tools, such as the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability PEFA assessments, can provide more nuanced and granular information about specific government functions. Taken together, these indices provide practitioners with a useful platform on which to begin developing reform action plans—with the understanding that specific programmes will always need to be highly contextual and tailored to specific political and bureaucratic environments to be effective. Cross-country evidence has shown the negative impact of poor governance and corruption on citizens and business people.
Researchers and practitioners, however, need more disaggregated data for policy design, implementation, and monitoring. This chapter introduces an alternative methodology that allows institutions to be measured in a more disaggregated way using survey data to create indicators at the agency and sub-national levels. The experiential data used also allows the evaluation of the degree of implementation of regulations within public agencies rather than their quality.
The chapter discusses two research applications that have shed light on the links between the quality of institutions, service delivery, and corruption. It also provides an overview of selected cases where these indicators have supported policy-makers in the design of governance reforms. Using a set of key criteria, it assesses the relevance understood here as the extent to which indicators are action worthy, actionable, and behavioural and robustness in terms of validity and reliability of the indicators presented every 2 years in the G G publication.
Although this assessment reveals that not all the indicators meet the highest standards of relevance and robustness, the work carried out by the OECD Secretariat in collaboration with working parties and expert groups aims to improve the quality of all the measures presented in G G over the years, in particular by increasingly using OECD instruments principles, recommendations, charters as a solid theoretical basis for indicator development to inform public sector reforms in member countries.
The chapter presents a discussion on the indicators used by the European Commission to assess fiscal sustainability in EU Member States. The chapter provides an analysis of the genesis of the indicators, detailing the reasons for their introduction and modification towards their current definition.
This chapter describes the process through which the World Justice Project created the methodology for the WJP Rule of Law Index , a quantitative tool designed to provide a comprehensive picture of the extent to which countries adhere to the rule of law in practice. Finally, to provide insights into the way that the use of these indicators has impacted the understanding of the rule of law, it will detail how stakeholders have responded to the Index and its findings.
This chapter explains why Global Integrity, an independent non-profit organisation best known for its Global Integrity Report, started working on indicator-based integrity assessments, how its approach and methodology have evolved over the last decade and the linkages to broader developments in the field of governance measurement. In addition, the chapter lays out the reasons why Global Integrity has revised its organisational strategy and the resulting implications for on-going and future data projects. The authors—the former and current directors of research at Global Integrity—walk readers through three main stages in this evolution.
The experience of extreme macroeconomic instability in Africa has its origin in the inability to control fiscal dynamics and the effect that this has had on the overall policy stance. African countries are heavily dependent on volatile revenues from aid, oil, exports, a small tax base to finance their relatively huge total expenditure, making their budget vulnerable to fiscal shocks. Oil and commodity windfalls and aid surges induce government spending that is difficult to retrench when these sources of revenue experience negative shocks, distorting government budget allocation patterns, cohesion, and stability, and increase deficits and debt stock that has often created an unfavourable environment for monetary policy.
In the presence of such a highly volatile environment, current figures for revenues, expenditures, and the fiscal balances will convey a rather misleading picture of the underlying fiscal situation. Developing fiscal indicators which may provide a more reliable picture of the underlying sustainability of current fiscal policy is of paramount important. In , Nigeria introduced an oil-price-based rule to deal with the revenue volatility challenge.
The aim of the rule is to smooth government expenditure. The oil-price rule is designed to benchmark overall fiscal performance and the sustainability of public finances.
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In particular, we look at whether the oil-price-based rule is able to adequately address the macroeconomic conditions that affect fiscal sustainability in Africa. This chapter examines fiscal sustainability in the context of sustainable development and the capital stocks that are critical to maintaining economic capacity. New indicators consistent with sustainable development are presented, drawing from local indicator projects around the world.
Since goals and indicators affect the conceptual framework within which policy is developed, an incorrect or incomplete indicator can interfere with adequately maintaining economic capacity or economic activity.
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A more comprehensive set of indicators would show the link between future spending needs and investment made in the present. Recent work by an interdisciplinary community of scholars has brought attention to the politics and economics of the production and deployment of indicators on a wide range of issues—from human rights and the rule of law to health care and climate change. Working alongside this literature, this chapter looks into the production and circulation of corruption indicators as powerful sources of expertise and as means of global and local governance.
The focus of the chapter is a corruption indicator produced in Albania, a country that over the past 25 years has depended on international development aid and has eagerly but to this day unsuccessfully tried to join the European Union. Published on. Flowing text, Original pages. Best For.
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Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders. More related to public administration. See more. Strategic Management for Public Governance in Europe. Anne Drumaux. This book investigates the role and effectiveness of strategic management within public governance in Europe.
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Using findings from qualitative studies, it explores the governance processes at the level of the European Union as a supranational institution, and the level of national governments. It presents empirical research that reveals fresh insights into the extent to which the public, effective government, and desirable societies are interrelated in individual Member States.
This book argues for the need to develop more effective multi-level governance that combines unity of strategic purpose at the European level with strategic leadership and mobilisation at the national level. It will appeal to practitioners in addition to scholars in the fields of public policy, public management and European Union studies. Drawing on research from the administrative sciences and using organizational, institutional and decision-making theories, this volume examines the emerging bureaucratic framework of the EU and highlights that analyzing the patterns and dynamics of the EU's administrative capacities is essential to understand how it shapes European public policy.
Focusing on fourteen European countries, the book examines the impact of political cultures, administrative traditions and local government systems on the functioning of the SMUs. An under-explored topic in the literature, this book provides a comprehensive, comparative European, thematically broad, descriptive book on sub-municipal governance. Filipe Teles. This book sheds light on the central complexities of municipal cooperation and examines the dynamics, experiences and drivers of inter-municipal cooperation IMC in Europe.