It can also be used as a way of making any of your views sound scientific. It's a simple formula — if you disagree with something, just say it releases dopamine and imply it must be dangerously addictive. It was clearly just a smokescreen for the views of gun-hating liberals. Now at this point, some of you may be worrying that I'm about to pour cold water on the pop science party and forever banish booty to the gossip columns, but I like to think that knowing the details is a more like putting acid in the punch bowl.
Dopamine is indeed involved in addiction, but it isn't a "pleasure chemical". In fact, dopamine has lots of functions in the brain — being involved in everything from regulating movement to the control of attention.
Explainer: What is dopamine?
In great part, its effects depend on which of the brain's pathways it is operating in. The wonderfully named tuberoinfundibular pathway regulates hormone release and is important in stimulating the production of breast milk. This is why an unfortunate side-effect of antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia, which primarily alters the dopamine system, can be lactation, even in men.
But when you hear about dopamine in the press, it's usually a vague reference to the role of dopamine in the mesolimbic pathway — a small but important brain tract that connects a deep brain area called the nucleus accumbens to the frontal lobes. Even here, however, dopamine has differing effects because while the chemical is the same, there are various forms of receptors that detect the presence of dopamine but do something different, depending on their type. Back to table of contents. Previous article. Article No Access.
What is Dopamine? Where is it produced in the brain? How is it produced?
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Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction
Not a subscriber? Figures References Cited by Details Cited By Lithium suppression of tau induces brain iron accumulation and neurodegeneration. Multivalent approaches and beyond: novel tools for the investigation of dopamine D 2 receptor pharmacology.
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Tic de Gilles de la Tourette: Survey of the literature, case study, and reinterpretation. Classification of child stuttering: Part I transient developmental, neurogenic acquired, and persistent child stuttering. The electroencephalogram in Tourette syndrome. Dopamine autoreceptor stimulation: Clinical significance.
School avoidance and social phobia triggered by haloperidol in patients with Tourette's disorder. Psychomotor function in affective disorders: an overview of new monitoring techniques. Age-related changes in the central catecholaminergic function and its interaction with methamphetamine during postnatal life in the rat. Paradoxical dextroamphetamine response. Back Psychology Today. Back Find a Therapist. Back Get Help. Back Magazine. Subscribe Issue Archive. Back Today. Is Love at First Sight Real?
Phil Newton From Mouse to Man. What Is Dopamine?
Team uncovers the disconnect between the brain's dopamine system and cocaine addiction
The neurotransmitter's role in the brain and behavior. Submitted by NP on April 26, - pm. Great post! Dopamine Submitted by Anonymous on February 17, - am. Legalize poppies in any form and ROA to those who are endogenous deficient. Try the protein amino acid Submitted by Sarah on April 15, - pm.
Try the protein amino acid supplement tyrosine. Did wonders for me. I think that has more to do Submitted by M on May 12, - pm.
Great post. How dopamine works Submitted by Droog on July 30, - am. Your presentation was removed Submitted by Stan03 on December 10, - am. Your presentation was removed any other link to access it. Targeted individual in Vermont Submitted by Mallory on December 31, - am. Post Comment Your name. E-mail The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Notify me when new comments are posted. All comments. Replies to my comment. Leave this field blank. More Posts. What are Learning Styles?
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