Manual Myths of the Asanas: The Ancient Origins of Yoga

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Good background for the asanas. Great things to think about and help deepen the practice especially in balance poses and twists. I didn't know much about the names of poses except that that The must for yoga teachers especially if teaching yoga for kids. They adore those stories and me too. Alanna Kaivalya. Practitioners around the world reap the physical benefits of yoga, assuming poses and frequently calling them by their Sanskrit names.

While many know that hanumanasana is named for the deity Hanuman, few understand why this is the case. It also discusses a theory of nadis and prana vital breath , and follows this with instructions on pranayama breath control , pratyahara sense withdrawal , meditation on mantras, meditative visualizations and Kundalini. Samuel states that Tantrism is a contested concept.

Many scholars would include the Goraksha Samhita by Gorakshanath of the 11th century in this list. Laya and Kundalini yoga are closely associated with Hatha yoga but are often presented as being independent approaches. According to Georg Feuerstein , Laya yoga yoga of dissolution or merging "makes meditative absorption laya its focus. The laya-yogin seeks to transcend all memory traces and sensory experiences by dissolving the microcosm, the mind, in the transcendental Self-Consciousness.

The practice of awakening the coiled energy in the body is sometimes specifically called Kundalini yoga. It is based on Indian theories of the subtle body and uses various pranayamas breath techniques and mudras bodily techniques to awaken the energy known as kundalini the coiled one or shakti. In various Shaiva and Shakta traditions of yoga and tantra, yogic techniques or yuktis are used to unite kundalini-shakti , the divine conscious force or energy, with Shiva , universal consciousness. Some Christians integrate yoga and other aspects of Eastern spirituality with prayer and meditation.

This has been attributed to a desire to experience God in a more complete way. On the contrary, one can take from them what is useful so long as the Christian conception of prayer, its logic and requirements are never obscured. It is within the context of all of this that these bits and pieces should be taken up and expressed anew.

In and , the Vatican issued two documents: Aspects of Christian meditation and " A Christian reflection on the New Age ," that were mostly critical of eastern and New Age practices. The document was published as a page handbook detailing the Vatican's position. Another view holds that Christian meditation can lead to religious pluralism. This is held by an interdenominational association of Christians that practice it. In the early 11th century, the Persian scholar Al Biruni visited India, lived with Hindus for 16 years, and with their help translated several significant Sanskrit works into Arabic and Persian languages.

One of these was Patanjali's Yogasutras. Later, in the 16th century, the hath yoga text Amritakunda was translated into Arabic and then Persian. Minority Islamic sects such as the mystic Sufi movement, particularly in South Asia, adopted Indian yoga practises, including postures and breath control.

Malaysia's top Islamic body in passed a fatwa , prohibiting Muslims from practicing yoga, saying it had elements of Hinduism and that its practice was blasphemy , therefore haraam. In , the Council of Ulemas, an Islamic body in Indonesia, passed a fatwa banning yoga on the grounds that it contains Hindu elements. In Iran, as of May , according to its Yoga Association, there were approximately yoga centres in the country, a quarter of them in the capital Tehran , where groups can often be seen practising in parks.

This has been met by opposition among conservatives. His comments were made in the context of reiki and yoga possibly being a form of proselytization at the expense of Islam. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Group of physical, mental and spiritual practices originating in ancient India. Main traditions. Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Rites of passage. Philosophical schools. Gurus, saints, philosophers. Other texts. Text classification. Other topics. Main article: Indus Valley Civilization.

Further information: Vedic period. Main article: Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Main article: Yoga Yajnavalkya. Main article: Jainism. Male and female yogis from 17th- and 18th-century India.

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Main article: Bhakti Yoga. Main article: Hatha yoga. Main article: Yoga as exercise. Main article: Yoga philosophy. Main article: Jain meditation. Main article: Tantra.

Hinduism portal India portal. The ideology of asceticism and renunciation seems, at first, discontinuous with the brahmanical ideology of the affirmation of social obligations and the performance of public and domestic rituals. Indeed, there has been some debate as to whether asceticism and its ideas of retributive action, reincarnation and spiritual liberation, might not have originated outside the orthodox vedic sphere, or even outside Aryan culture: that a divergent historical origin might account for the apparent contradiction within 'Hinduism' between the world affirmation of the householder and the world negation of the renouncer.

However, this dichotomization is too simplistic, for continuities can undoubtedly be found between renunciation and vedic Brahmanism, while elements from non-Brahmanical, Sramana traditions also played an important part in the formation of the renunciate ideal. Indeed there are continuities between vedic Brahmanism and Buddhism, and it has been argued that the Buddha sought to return to the ideals of a vedic society which he saw as being eroded in his own day. Great is the praise of Savitri, the creating godhead.

The use by Vedic priests of ascetic practices in their preparations for the performance of the sacrifice might be precursor to Yoga. A close reading of this text suggests that it was closely related to a tradition of early Brahminic contemplation. But we also know that even this is problematic In fact, it is not until the time of the commentaries of Buddhaghosa, Dhammapala, and others — that is to say, the fifth to sixth centuries CE — that we can know anything definite about the actual contents of [the Pali] canon.

Wezler has proposed that the Yoga related text may have been inserted into this Sutra later, among other things; however, Bronkhorst finds much to disagree on with Wezler. Further process of the systematization of Yoga as a path to the ultimate mystic goal is obvious in subsequent Yoga Upanishads and the culmination of this endeavour is represented by Patanjali's codification of this path into a system of the eightfold Yoga. At the climax of such contemplation the mental eye … shifts its focus to the unconditioned state, Nibbana Sariputta tells Ven.

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The Timeline and History of Yoga in America

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While the means employed are not specified, the ends, in particular restraining bindu, semen, and making the breath enter the central channel, are similar to those mentioned in the earliest descriptions of the practices of hathayoga, to which I now turn. Introduction To Sikhism.

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How We Got Here: Where Yoga Poses Come From

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9 Yoga Books For Every Yogini's Bookshelves

Yoga: Mastering the Secrets of Matter and the Universe. Meditation and Mantras. New York Times. Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 9 June Raffaello Martinelli ed. Retrieved 27 August Catholicism in dialogue: conversations across traditions.

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A History of Modern Yoga. London: Continuum. Zen Buddhism: a History: India and China. World Wisdom. Eliade, Mircea Yoga: Immortality and Freedom. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Feuerstein, Georg The Shambhala Guide to Yoga 1st ed. Feuerstein, Georg 23 October Hohm Press. Flood, Gavin D.

Myth to Pose: Story of the Warrior Poses, Virabhadrasana

American Veda. From Emerson and the Beatles to Yoga and Meditation. How Indian Spirituality Changed the West. New York: Harmony Books. Roots of Yoga. Yoga: The Iyengar Way. Dorling Kindersley. Calcutta: Susil Gupta India Ltd. AltaMira Press. Radhakrishnan, S. A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy.