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The god of the waterways , Sobek was a fierce protector of Egyptian people. He also liked to eat flesh. Live crocodiles were kept in pools at temples to honour him. This blue pot-bellied fellow was the god of the Nile , responsible for the annual flooding of the great river. Want to find out more about the Ancient Egyptians and the gods they worshipped? Then check out this cool clip!

While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add a pre-selected message and a cool badge. NatGeo thank you so much for your help, you had been my life saver for so many last minute projects and your endless supply of cool facts go appreciated. Thank you! I do agree that they should add more information. And gods and godesses. It only helps a little with facts and i do like charater desighn. Sober was a crocodile God , plus you have spelled honored wrong for sobek and "nut" was the sky goddess Thank you.

There is also an interesting goddess named, Bastet she is the goddess of music and joy and is also one of the many daughters of Re Which is also how Ra can be spelled.

Realm of History

Egypt is very hot country and has lots of pmyirads. It also has palm trees. In Egypt there are lots of cities and there are big buildings. The temperature in Egypt is 41 degrees in July and in London in the same month its 21 degrees.

Chapter 5: Egyptian Magic

The buildings were built by humans. The cliffs were made by God so they are physical features and the grass was made by god as well. In Egypt in the ocean are big waves. In the town of Egypt it is very busy and there are lots of people there. Anam and Ikrah. I love all the gods of Egypt! But I hate Seth and Aepep bcuz they r evil. U guys missed out too many gods. There are so many unusual Gods and Goddesses,although my favourite has to be Tefnut purely because of her name and that she is half lion half human. Oh and Anubiss job sounds very unusual watching people in the afterlife. This is amazing as an amazon forest!

Its just so fantastic and interesting!!!!!!!!!!

Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt

Like i have now xP. I love learning about Egypt and the pyramids. I find it so interesting that I am actually writing a chapter book that takes place in the Giza Pyramids. I think I am going to call it The Cat Mummy. I really hope it gets published because all of my others have been turned down. Amun-Ra — The combination of two Egyptian deities Amun and Ra, thereby symbolizing the invisible force of wind and the visible majesty of the sun.

Sekhmet, her alter-ego, was invoked as the warrior lioness deity who protected the Pharaohs. Ptah — The Egyptian creator god with his life-giving ability — regarded as the patron deity of sculptors, painters, builders, and other artisans. Isis — The Egyptian goddess venerated as the divine mother of the kings and often associated with magic. Set — The Egyptian deity representing darkness, often associated with eclipses, storms, and thunder. Every mythology tends to start with the primordial origins, and in Egyptian mythology, that scope is covered by the ancient Egyptian gods Nun and Naunet the feminine form.

In essence, the ancient Egyptians perceived Nun as the watery abyss that basically held the universe by which the sphere of life was borne. This watery mass was endowed with enigmatic characteristics by the Egyptians — with its depth epitomizing both nothingness and infinity, while also serving as the source of all aspects of divine and earthly existence.

So in many ways, Nun , like Tiamat — the Mesopotamian primordial goddess of the oceans, was associated, albeit neutrally, with the forces of chaos. And in terms of his physical attribute, Nun was often represented as a bearded man with blue or green skin thus suggesting his connection with the watery mass of Nile and fertility.

On occasions, he was also depicted as a frog or a frog-headed man as part of the Ogdoad system practiced at Khmunu or Hermopolis or even a hermaphrodite with discernable breasts. Often considered among one of the most important ancient Egyptian gods, Amun was the divine entity who represented the air and the sun. Sometimes portrayed as the king of gods, Amun was also the patron deity of Thebes, the royal capital during the impressive New Kingdom era of Egypt , circa 16th century BC to 11th century BC. Ra , on the other hand, was considered as one of the powerful ancient Egyptian gods who was associated with the Pharoah — so much so, that by Fifth Dynasty, almost every ruler was symbolically hailed as the son of Ra.

He was also associated with the earlier sun god Atum of Heliopolis. Continuing with this possibly pre-dynastic concept, Hathor was also regarded as the mother of the sun god Ra.


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  • Hathor - Wikipedia.

Considering these aspects, suffice it to say, Hathor was regarded as a protective and benevolent deity who often personified kindness. She was also closely associated with matters of womanly love and health, so much so that many women beheld her as the counterpart to Osiris in the afterlife. And as for her physical attributes, Hathor was often depicted as a woman with the head of a cow or having an entire cow form.

Horus - Wikipedia

She was also represented with the sistrum rattle-like musical instrument that was used to drive evil from the land — a facet that was later applied to the goddess Isis. Given such propensity for feline symbolization, cats were uniquely sacred in Egypt — so much so that the punishment for killing a cat was death by stabbing.


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According to Herodotus, Egyptians were so fond of their cats that they preferred to save their cats instead of themselves when trapped inside a burning building. Some cats were also known to be mummified in a ceremonious manner with jewelry — as was the case with many noble people. The adorable critters ranging from cats, dogs to even sheep, dissuaded the animal-loving Egyptians from firing their arrows — thus allowing the Persians to take the initiative and win the battle.

Lesson 1: Gift of the Nile

Venerated as an important deity during the Old Kingdom period circa 27th century — 22nd century BC , she was considered as the daughter of Atum or Ra , and as such implied the superiority of order, justice, and even harmony. Simply put, this ambit of balance was perceived as a principle that was to be adopted by Egyptians in their daily lives, which in turn established the virtues of truth, family life, and the belief system centered around the various deities.

And when it comes to her physical appearance, Maat was often depicted as a winged woman with an ostrich feather on her head. The latter apparel had symbolic significance since the feather of Maat was the instrumental object in the Weighing of the Heart ceremony in the afterlife. These motifs suggested the combined essence of his creative prowess, — the power, life-giving ability, and stability. In essence, the Egyptian goddess was perceived as the divine mother of the kings, while Horus discussed later in the article was associated with the Pharaohs themselves. This analogy of the throne was also prevalent in the very depiction of Isis , with her original headdress carrying an empty throne that signified the seat of her slain husband.

Moreover, the adoration of the goddess also reached beyond the traditional boundaries of ancient Egypt, to account for a persistent cult that was spread across the later Greco-Roman world. In addition to his role as the lord of the underworld — a title that was passed to him after his murder by his brother Set , Osiris was also regarded as the god of transition since death in itself was not seen as an absolute condition and even regeneration.

Finally, coming to the physical attributes of Osiris , the god was often depicted as a mummified bearded king with green or black skin — to represent both death and resurrection. His legacy is also fueled by his epic mythical battle against the adversary Set , from which Horus emerged victorious, thereby uniting the two lands of Egypt, albeit after losing one of his eyes.

In essence, the avenging Egyptian deity was also perceived as a god of war whose name was frequently invoked before actual battles by the rulers and commanders. On the other hand, his restored eye, personified as the Eye of Horus, was the ancient Egyptian symbol for protection and sacrifice. However, if we consider the historical evidence, Set was the perceived as a divine entity since the Predynastic period before 3rd millennium BC , with his center of worship possibly originating from the town of Nubt, which is one of the oldest settlements in Upper Egypt. In any case, Set was originally regarded as a more-or-less benevolent and esteemed entity who sometimes served as an ally of Ra , and was tasked with the protection of oases in the deserts.

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But over time, he was also associated with peculiar and frightening phenomena like eclipses, storms, and thunders — thus suggesting a dark side to his personification. Once again, reverting to history, some part of this scope possibly had to do with the foreign Hyksos, who adopted Set as one of their gods — which could have fueled a reactionary measure from the future native Egyptians who saw Set as an agent of evil. Other historians have hypothesized that the battle between Set and Horus , as opposed to a confrontation between good and evil, was rather a symbolic representation of the struggle to unite Egypt under one ruler.

A few scholars have argued that the Set animal possibly represents a giraffe, though ancient Egyptians seem to have differentiated between giraffes and the enigmatic hybrid creature.