Secondly, problem-solving epistemology is advocated as an alternative to the notion from natural sciences that progress in science involves increased truth likeness of theories. We hold that implications to design is only one outcome of psychological work—user psychologists should help solving the problems of other stakeholders of technology as well. Thirdly, to help integrating fragments of research, analyses should be re-organized around explanatory frameworks that can span multiple technical application areas.
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An explanatory framework combines a problem domain, relevant knowledge, and the logic of scientific inference. To conclude, we argue that technology has become so pervasive an aspect of modern life that its relationship with human mind deserves the status of a basic research question and its own discipline. Psychology of the computer user should not be the handmaiden of technologists but de- fine itself by its own terms.
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Related Articles:. Date: July 25, Share Flipboard Email. Cynthia Vinney, Ph. She has co-authored two books on psychology and media engagement. Updated September 27, Key Takeaways: Big Five Personality Traits The Big Five personality traits are openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. Each trait represents a continuum. Individuals can fall anywhere on the continuum for each trait. Evidence suggests that personality is highly stable during adulthood, although small changes may be possible.
Openness to Experience. Individuals with this trait are usually:. Key facets of conscientiousness include:.
Competence Order, or organizational skills Dutifulness, or a lack of carelessness Achievement through hard work Self-discipline Being deliberate and controlled. Extraverts are typically:. Gregarious Assertive Active Excitement-seeking Emotionally positive and enthusiastic Warm and outgoing. Agreeable people are often:. Trusting and forgiving Straightforward and undemanding Altruistic Affable and amenable Modest Sympathetic to others.
Key facets of neuroticism include:. Anxiety and tension Angry hostility and irritability, Depression, Self-consciousness and shyness, Being impulsive and moody Lack of self-confidence. Allport, Gordon W. John, Oliver P. Robins, Terrie E. Moffitt, and Magda Stouthamer-Loeber. Naumann, and Christopher J.
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Pervin, and Oliver P. John, The Guilford Press, , pp. McAdams, Dan P. Heatherton and Joel L.
Big Five personality traits - Wikipedia
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