Coultas, J. When in Rome…An evolutionary perspective on conformity. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 7 , —;. Fincher, C. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, , — Henrich, J. The evolution of conformist transmission and the emergence of between-group differences. Hogg, M. Influence and leadership.
- Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust.
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Fiske, D. Lindzey Eds. New York, NY: Wiley. Kessler, T. The evolution of authoritarian processes: Fostering cooperation in large-scale groups. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 12 , 73— Influencing and Conforming by Dr. Rajiv Jhangiani and Dr.
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Skip to content Increase Font Size. The Many Varieties of Conformity Describe some of the active and passive ways that conformity occurs in our everyday lives. Summarize the variables that create majority and minority social influence. Outline the situational variables that influence the extent to which we conform. Compare the different types of power proposed by John French and Bertram Raven and explain how they produce conformity.
Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust
Define leadership and explain how effective leaders are determined by the person, the situation, and the person-situation interaction. Review research concerning the relationship between culture and conformity. Explain the concept of psychological reactance and describe how and when it might occur. Genocide via Conformity? Figure 6. References Coultas, J.
Previous: Chapter Summary. Next: The Many Varieties of Conformity. In other words, genocide is not a qualitatively distinct category of human behavior — it follows ordinary principles of human cognition , affect, and behavior that certain societal and political conditions such as political upheaval, prior genocide, autocratic rule, and low trade openness allow to escalate into more and more severe violence.
Dehumanization is central to every genocide; we know from the Holocaust, Cambodian Genocide, Rwandan genocide and many other cases that victim groups were labeled as vermin, cockroaches, rats or snakes. This is argued to make the act of violence less aversive and less morally reprehensible — dehumanization is one of the mechanisms of moral disengagement through which human beings manage to preserve a positive image of themselves or their group despite doing harm to others.
Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust - Google книги
However, dehumanization does not only occur during genocide, or what we officially recognize as genocide. Recent research by Nour Kteily and colleagues shows, for example, that people residing in the U. Moreover, this blatant dehumanization predicts several violent outcomes such as support for torture and bombing of civilians, drone strikes in Afghanistan and Pakistan, or detention and solitary confinement of undocumented immigrants.
People become desensitized to violence they are exposed to; and participating in violence makes us more likely to engage in future violence. Of course, psychology does not explain everything, and psychologizing social problems runs the risk of overlooking clear structural issues and deep inequalities that are a source of oppression and violence. Structural and political factors that are linked to a decreased risk of genocide, even in the presence of exclusionary ideologies, include less political upheaval, no prior genocide, a partial or full democracy in place, and greater trade openness.
Yet, these structures are also created by human beings and shaped by psychological processes. We should therefore never give in to the illusion and optimistic bias —which also helps explain some behaviors of victim groups in times of genocide that reduce their survival, as well as the likelihood of resistance—that we are immune to the risk of genocide. Overcoming evil: Genocide, violent conflict and terrorism.
Interventions highlighting hypocrisy reduce collective blame of Muslims for individual acts of violence and assuage anti-Muslim hostility. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Writings for a liberation psychology. Great piece but not "down to earth enough. Very disturbing. For those of us who grew up without school shootings, the shootings are horrible. Some people say business as usual 2 weeks after a shooting. How can you forget these disturbing events so easily? Well, I guess you want to just go on with your life and that's what matters most.
Some of us, this Mom, for sure, cannot go on like we did before. There is a quiet genocide happening right now, without death camps. It's called The Great Replacement. Historically White nations are being flooded with third worlders. London looks like Islamabad, replete with foreign mayor. Non-White countries with homogeneous populations are not subject to these tactics. Israel not only has strict immigration laws but a gigantic border wall as well.
Whites are a global minority. They should not be dehumanized or targeted for extinction as is happening in South Africa. The same psychological processes that lead to genocide, are the ones that lead us to seek comfort and ease above all. We exclude people from our lives if they make us feel uncomfortable, or seem like too much work to build a friendship with.
Psychologically, genocide only differs from everyday exclusion by degree-- an extreme degree-- and violence. And scarily, happiness is a big part of things.
The Liberal Theory of Genocide
We feel happier when we're comfortable, when we're surrounded by community, and when we're achieving our goals. It doesn't matter if "achieving our goals" means becoming a successful businessperson or committing genocide: we will experience the same rush of happiness and self-confidence. It doesn't matter if our community is a friends group or a cult: the joy at feeling connected to people and something bigger than ourselves is the same. More importantly: happiness and positivity soothe our unease at maybe being on the wrong track, so we won't be motivated to change if it does turn out we're into genocide instead of a loving community.